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On March 11, a magnitude-9 earthquake was followed by a tsunami with a 50-foot-high wave that hit the Fukushima nuclear power plant, causing a full meltdown at three reactors. As bad as that was, "it was not Chernobyl," Boice said.
"The doses to people were much lower." That was in part because Japan acted quickly to protect its citizens from radiation, he said. The Chernobyl reactor had no containment dome and it burned for days, releasing far more contamination. The firefighters who responded were true heroes, some of whom gave their lives, Boice said.
More than 130 had acute radiation sickness and 28 died within a few months, he said. Continued medical checks show the firefighters have developed cataracts at high rates, he said. Over three years, 530,000 workers helped clean up the Chernobyl reactor remains. Their mean radiation dose, or energy deposited in their body by radiation, was 10 rem, although some had far more. Rem is a measure of health effects. In Japan, no acute effects of radiation have been seen in the firefighters at Fukushima, Boice said.
The 7,800 workers at the reactors as of late spring had an average exposure of 0.8 rem, Boice said. However, 30 had 10 to 25 rem and at least two had more. The lifetime risk of developing cancer may be 1 to 2 percent for exposure greater than 10 rem, he said. Since Chernobyl, there has been an epidemic of thyroid cancer. About 7,000 children -- who are most vulnerable to the cancer -- have been diagnosed with thyroid cancer, he said.
They likely were exposed through milk from cows that grazed on grass contaminated with radioactive iodine. Iodine concentrates in the thyroid. The Soviet government did not warn people not to drink the milk, but the Japanese government did, Boice said. In addition, far less radioactive iodine was released at Fukushima than at Chernobyl. At Fukushima, "the dose to people appears to be very, very low," he said.
Japan evacuated people in a series of zones as the disaster progressed, while the evacuation at Chernobyl was slow, Boice said. Fish, vegetables and milk were monitored in Japan to protect consumers. People who left the area also were monitored and any contamination found was removed by showering, he said. People who had been cleared were given cards to certify their status. About 1,000 children near Fukushima were monitored for thyroid exposure to radiation and although some levels were detected, they were small, Boice said. "The population exposure seems minimal at this time," he said. But the crisis is not over, he said.
The ongoing crisis at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant has impacted many plans for annual sports festivals normally held in autumn at primary and middle schools. Many schools made difficult decisions to minimize students' exposure to radiation by, for example, shortening event hours, instructing students not to eat lunch outdoors or holding the events inside school gyms.
At some schools, sports festivals were even canceled as parents did not agree on the conditions for holding them. In the wake of the nuclear crisis, many schools in Fukushima Prefecture postponed sports festivals scheduled for the spring. Shirakata Primary School, a municipal school in Sukagawa, was scheduled to hold its sports festival on Saturday.
But the school will hold the event only in the morning and has decided not to hold a parent-student lunch to avoid possible negative effects from dust. Since the crisis began, the school also canceled other sports events, such as swimming classes and athletic meets.
The school's principal, Koichiro Furukawa, said: "It will be a pity for the students if more events are canceled. I think the sports festival should be held, even if only in the morning." Takine Primary School, a municipal school in Tamura, will also hold its sports festival only in the morning. The school customarily moves chairs out into the schoolyard for spectators.
This year, blue sheets will be spread on the ground before the chairs are brought out, to keep students and visitors from tracking soil into the building. Nihonmatsu Kita Primary School, a municipal school in Nihonmatsu, changed the venue from inside the school to the city's sports gym. But because the building is not so big, some events, such as relays, cannot be held there. Students and teachers have devised alternate events, such as games using cardboard boxes.
School officials said they will increase events in which junior and senior students can have closer contact to make the sports festival an opportunity for students to feel the importance of warm-heartedness.Source;/ex]
Originally posted by Purplechive
Why are as many as 32 previous police hired in TEPCO?
And WOW - Very evasive and convoluted in their response!!!
Originally posted by crazydaisy
MAP 6.2 2011/09/16 21:08:06 40.221 143.050 20.2 OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP 5.5 2011/09/16 20:11:15 40.305 143.180 19.0 OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP 5.2 2011/09/16 19:39:46 40.403 142.034 10.4 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP 6.6 2011/09/16 19:26:42 40.288 142.727 36.3 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
Japan has had 4 quakes today!!
Originally posted by Human0815
Originally posted by Tallone
reply to post by Human0815
reply to post by Tallone
I think everyone in this Forum know that the Industrial Complex is big, perverse and fascistic,
but we cant go and try to kill this Monster because it has to many Headz!
So, what do you want to do?
edit on 16-9-2011 by Human0815 because: add a question
Inform people, rather than divert them. Deal with the truth, rather than play with other's minds. How about you?
edit on 16-9-2011 by Tallone because: (no reason given)
In Reality i am absolute Clueless
because nothing really helps
Maybe a Revolution will change something
but without "an Idea and something up ones Sleeve" it is more than "dangerous"!
Immediately after the March 11, 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan we started to continuously survey the Outgoing Long-wavelength Radiation (OLR, 10-13 microns) from NOAA/AVHRR. Our preliminary results show the presence of hot spots on the top of the atmosphere over the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) and due to their persistence over the same region they are most likely not of meteorological origin. On March 14 and 21 we detected a significant increase in radiation (14 W/m2) at the top of the atmosphere which also coincides with a reported radioactivity gas leaks from the FDNPP. After March 21 the intensity of OLR started to decline, which has been confirmed by ground radiometer network. We hypothesize that this increase in OLR was a result of the radioactive leaks released in atmosphere from the FDNPP. This energy triggers ionization of the air near the ground and lead to release of latent heat energy due to change of air humidity and temperature. Our early results demonstrate the potential of the latest development in atmospheric sciences and space-borne observations for monitoring nuclear accidents.
He pointed to a July 2007 earthquake in Japan that shook the Kashiwazaki-Kariwa nuclear power plant with a force 2 1 / 2 times greater than the facility was designed for. After inspections, the International Atomic Energy Agency concluded that the plant’s safety design margins prevented major damage. The plant was subsequently closed for 21 months for seismic upgrades.
Others are engaging even in an eco- type of terrorism whereby they can alter the climate, set off earthquakes, volcanoes remotely through the use of electromagnetic waves.
Originally posted by rbrtj
reply to post by thorfourwinds
My you have been busy!!!
I went to your Thread to find your source of information on Hanford and was blown away.
Keep up the great work