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Here is a link to a webpage that allows you to generate the times of the new and full moons and the perigees and apogees (moon's far point from the earth) by entering the year and hitting 'calculate'. www.fourmilab.ch/earthview/pacalc.html If you enter 1912 you will see Jan 4 13:34 356378 km ++ F+ 0h, which means that on Jan 4th that year, the perigee was O hours after the full moon, and the moon was 356378 KM from the earth then. That was the closest for a long time. If you enter 2011, you see an F + 0h for March 19th too. This time the moon will be 356577 km from the earth, which is the 6th closest approach for the moon between 1985 and 2012. 4, 7 and 6 are in 2008, 2010, and 2011. 1,3 and 2 were in 1990, 1992 and 1993.
If you look at 1993, you will see that the March 8th perigee marked F - 1h, meaning it happened just over an hour before the full moon then. If you do a search for the weather then, you will find that on March 12-13, 1993 a 'super storm' struck the eastern half of the US. "The coldest march reading in Birmingham, Alabama history was 2F on March 14, 1993. That was the day after the 1993 blizzard, which is also remarkable for producing the city’s biggest snowfall ever, 13 inches at the Airport."
One of the most intense nor'eaters to ever strike the Eastern United States did so in the second week of March, 1993. Record low pressures, wind speeds, low temperatures and snowfall amounts were more than enough for this storm to gain the status of "Storm of the Century" even during its existence. Indeed, this storm was monumental, killing over 250 people and cancelling 25% of the United States' flights for two days. The purpose of this case study is to provide background on this storm, using surface maps and satellite images to demonstrate its full scope.
On March 12, 1993, a newly formed cyclone moved into a low level baroclinic zone already in place over the Gulf of Mexico and began to rapidly intensify. The deepening cyclone turned northeastward (Fig 1.1) and the center of low pressure made landfall (Fig 1.2) in northwestern Florida during the early hours of March 13. An intense squall line (Fig 1.3) preceding a rapidly moving cold front raced across Florida with torrential downpours, wind gusts in excess of 40 m/s, 3-4 meter storm surges and 11 confirmed tornado touchdown
If you look at 1980 you will see that the March 16th perigee is marked N + 1h, meaning that the perigee followed the new moon by a little over one hour. "March is the wettest month of the year in Birmingham. On average, 6.10 inches of snow falls in the Magic City. The 15.80 inches that fell in March 1980 is the most ever recorded in the third month of the year. It occurred during a month of flooding." Mt St Helen's began having earthquakes at that new moon/perigee combination.