SAND CREEK MASSACRE (SE COLORADO).
In 1864 Col Chivington ( a former clergyman that had political ambitions) was appointed the territorial military commander in Colorado. After some
isolated incidents with the Indians, Chivington sent out detachments to burn and destroy Indian villages, the Cheyenne, Arapahos, Sioux, Kiowa's, and
Comanches's struck back. this give Chivington the opportunity that he was looking for, to launch a full scale attack on the Indians.
On November 29, 1864, Chivington deployed his command, about seven hundred solders with howitzers around Black Kettle's village on Sand Creek. Black
Kettle was under the impression that he was at peace with the Americans; he ran up the American Flag and assured his people that all was well. the
troops opened fire and charged. The Indians scattered in all directions. Chivington had made it clear that he wanted no prisoners, hie policy was "to
kill and scalp all, little and big". Nits make lice he was fond of saying. Interpreter John Smith later testified: they were scalped, their brains
knocked out; the men used their knives, ripped open women, clubbed little children, knocked them in the head with their guns, beat their brains out,
mutilated their bodies in every sense of the word. Two hundred Cheyenne's, two thirds of them women and children perished. Nine chiefs died, however
Chief Black Kettle escaped.( Only to be murdered later by Custer.)
About a week prior to the slaughter at Wounded Knee, L.Frank Baum, editor of South Dakota's Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer newspaper advocated the
extermination of all America's Indians. Quote; The nobility of the Redskin is extinquished and what few are left are a pack of whining curs who lick
the hand that smites them. The whites by law of conquest, by justice of civilization, are masters of the American continent, and the best safety of
the frontier settlements will be secured by the total annihilation of the few remaining Indians.(WHY NOT ANNIHILATION?)Their glory has fled, their
spirit broken, their manhood effaced, better they should die than live the miserable wretches that they are. Unquote.L. FRANK BAUM LATER BECOMES
FAMOUS AS THE AUTHOR OF:
"THE WIZARD OF OZ."
An Indian named American Horse, who had been friendly to the American troops for years gave this narrative of the slaughter at Wounded Knee; "they
turned their guns, Hotchkiss guns upon the women who were in the lodges standing there under a flag of truce, and of course as soon as they were fired
upon they fled...There was a women with an infant in her arms who was killed as she almost touched the flag of truce, and the women and children of
course were strewn all along the circular village untill they were dispatched. Right near the flag of truce a mother was shot down with her infant;
the child not knowing that it's mother was dead was still nursing, and that especially was a very sad sight.The women as they were fleeing with their
babies were killed together, shot right through, and the women who were heavy with child were also killed...After most of them had been killed a cry
was made that all those who were not killed or wounded should come forth and they would be safe. Little boys who were not wounded came out of their
places of refuge, and as soon as they came in sight, a number of soldiers surrounded them and butchered them there... Of course it would have been
alright if only the men were killed; we would feel almost grateful for it. But the fact of the killing of the women and more especially of the of the
young boys and girls who are to go to make up the future of the Indian people, is the saddest part of the whole affair and we feel it very sorely."
Shortly after the massacre, Baum stated his approval, in the "Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer's paper stating that; we had better, in order to protect our
civilization, follow it up and wipe these untamed and untameable creatures from the face of the earth.