The "Janjaweed" militias in Sudan's Darfur region have been killing African villagers at a steady pace. There has been much speculation as to
whether these killings constitute "Genocide."
U.S. Secretary of State, Colin Powell, said that U.S. experts would report next week on this case.
The experts will make their report as Washington seeks to build pressure on the Sudanese government to stop violence by the "Janjaweed" militias
and to allow wider humanitarian access to the 1 million people they have displaced in western Sudan.
U.N. Security Council envoys do not expect any action until next week at the earliest on a U.S.-drafted sanctions resolution that would put an
immediate travel and arms ban on the Janjaweed leaders. It would also threaten to extend the ban to Khartoum within a month if the government did not
stop the killings, rape and uprooting of African villagers.
Powell said he did not believe the events in Darfur, which the United Nations has called the world's worst humanitarian disaster, now legally
Please visit the link provided for the complete story.
This is the United Nations Definition of "Genocide"
The term was coined in 1943 by the Jewish-Polish lawyer Raphael Lemkin who combined the Greek word "genos" (race or tribe) with the Latin word
"cide" (to kill).
After witnessing the horrors of the Holocaust - in which every member of his family except his brother and himself was killed - Dr Lemkin campaigned
to have genocide recognised as a crime under international law.
Article Two of the convention defines genocide as "any of the following acts committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national,
ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
* Killing members of the group
* Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group
* Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part
* Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group
* Forcibly transferring children of the group to another groupPlease visit the link provided for the complete story.
From the same article, These are some objections raised in the "Narrowness" of the "Treaty".
* The convention excludes targeted political and social groups
* The definition is limited to direct acts against people, and excludes acts against the environment which sustains them or their cultural
* Proving intention beyond reasonable doubt is extremely difficult
* UN member states are hesitant to single out other members or intervene, as was the case in Rwanda
* There is no body of international law to clarify the parameters of the convention (though this is changing as UN war crimes tribunals issue
* The difficulty of defining or measuring "in part", and establishing how many deaths equal genocide
But in spite of these criticisms, there are many who say genocide is recognisable. Please visit the link provided for the complete story.
More than 30,000 have been killed, as well as countless numbers of crimes against humanity have been committed. US officials have commented that
350,000 people could be dead by the end of the year by starvation, murder or disease. Something needs to be done, and soon. I believe that the US will
in fact rule that genocide has indeed been committed.
[edit on 16-7-2004 by TrickmastertricK]