It looks like you're using an Ad Blocker.
Please white-list or disable AboveTopSecret.com in your ad-blocking tool.
Some features of ATS will be disabled while you continue to use an ad-blocker.
Originally posted by PuterMan
reply to post by jadedANDcynical
Sort of proves the point really.
They are lying through their teeth. They know that injection is causing this but as I said before they will not admit it readily because of any potential compensation.
Originally posted by 9Cib27
Just want to point out to everyone that none of you took me seriously when I said a Perigee Moon is tonight, which rarely follows a Full Moon, which was last night. You're all looking deep into the freccing clues. I also tried telling you to look for patterns, which would better help you form a hypothesis. Fraccing has been going on for 60+ years... it doesn't just magically spark Earthquakes in PATTERNS during the years 2011. It would have been a steady increase.
I am trying to help everyone understand this because the warning signs are all here. If the area has a big one. Our entire East Coast is flooded under water. The 100 psychics that predicted this weren't psychics they were GOVERNMENT PSY OPS.
Mainstream Media began reporting on the quakes nationwide today. We will see what happens
Hydraulic fracturing (called "frac jobs" or "frac'ing" in the industry, with the spelling "fracking" being common in media reports) is a process that results in the creation of fractures in rocks. The most important industrial use is in stimulating oil and gas wells, where hydraulic fracturing has been used for over 60 years in more than one million wells. The fracturing is done from a wellbore drilled into reservoir rock formations to increase the rate and ultimate recovery of oil and natural gas.
How Long Has Hydraulic Fracturing Been Used?
The first use of hydraulic fracturing to stimulate oil and natural gas wells in the United States was in the 1940s. The method successfully increased well production rates and the practice quickly spread. It is now used throughout the world in thousands of wells every year.
The Regulation of Hydraulic Fracturing: A Chronology
1948 Hydraulic fracturing first commercially employed.
1974 Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) enacted.
SDWA protects tap water for public water supplies and creates new programs and regulations to protect underground sources of drinking water (USDW).
Despite having been commercially utilized for nearly 25 years up to this point, hydraulic fracturing never considered for regulation under SDWA
1986 SDWA amended to regulate over 100 specific drinking water contaminants; hydraulic fracturing never the focus of debate
1996 SDWA amended to emphasize sound science and risk-based standard setting; hydraulic fracturing never the focus of debate
1997 Legal Environmental Assistance Foundation (LEAF) v EPA – arguing that hydraulic fracturing used for certain kinds of methane development in Alabama should be regulated under SDWA, without considering any legislative history or environmental impacts.
2000 LEAF challenges EPA’s decision to allow Alabama to regulate hydraulic fracturing under its Class II well program. EPA initiates its study of hydraulic fracturing.
2002 EPA releases draft of hydraulic fracturing study, concludes the technology does not pose a risk to drinking water — but raises potential concerns about the use of diesel fuel.
2003 Major operators sign memorandum of agreement with EPA not to use diesel when conducting fracturing operations near USDWs.
2004 EPA releases its final report on the use of hydraulic fracturing in coalbed methane operations.
2005 Energy Bill – House passes bipartisan bill clarifying that Congress never intended hydraulic fracturing to be regulated under SDWA
2007 Gas well in Bainbridge, Ohio causes explosion; incident blamed on hydraulic fracturing, which is rejected in subsequent investigations.
2008 Outside interest groups expand efforts to attack hydraulic fracturing in mid-Atlantic region (Marcellus Shale).
Colorado finalizes oil and natural gas production rules, which provide for disclosure to regulators of the identity of fracturing fluid constituents where there is a demonstrated need for the information subject to confidentiality requirements.
HR 7271 (DeGette, Hinchey, Salazar) introduced in the House seeking to strip clarifying language in 2005 energy bill.
Environmental groups push for restrictions on hydraulic fracturing to be added to state regulations in New Mexico and county ordinances in Colorado and New Mexico.
2009 – IOGCC passes resolution opposing hydraulic fracturing regulation under SDWA.
“The changes in fracing in the last four years is mind boggling,” one industry executive told me. It used to be two to four trucks and a water tank, on one acre. Now it’s at least 10 trucks, multiple tanks holding various fluids, all on about eight acres.
The earthquakes do not appear to be directly connected to the drilling, hydraulic fracturing or gas production in the Barnett Shale, the study concludes. However, re-injection of waste fluids into a zone below the Barnett Shale at the nearby saltwater disposal well began in September 2008, seven weeks before the first DFW earthquakes occurred and none were recorded in the area after the injection well stopped operating in August 2009.
The largest of the DFW-area earthquakes was a 3.3 magnitude event reported by the USGS National Earthquake Information Center.
"What we have is a correlation between seismicity, and the time and location of saltwater injection," Stump said. "What we don't have is complete information about the subsurface structure in the area - things like the porosity and permeability of the rock, the fluid path and how that might induce an earthquake."
The researchers and the gas company agree that the extraction techniques in themselves provoke seismic micro-waves. According to geologist Aurèle Parriaux, doctor in Geology of Engineer at the Polytechnique de Lausanne, these micro-waves can reach «a magnitude of up to 3,4 on Richter scale» so a weak earthquake, though still perceivable. However the real impact of the hydraulic fracture is still to be proven, and thus more research is needed to determine the fractures’ impact on seismic eruption zones.
Originally posted by jadedANDcynical
2 to 7 million gallons of water per frac?
And how many of these things are in the area in question? I think I remember 11 from earlier in the thread. that would be between 22 and 77 MILLION GALLONS of water. That's cubic miles of water. Where in the world is all this coming from?