A while ago, I created a thread titled A possible method for faster than light communication
The purpose of that thread was to explore the hypothetical possibility of sufficiently advanced technology allowing the manipulation of the universe's
fundamental constants such as pi, e, phi, etc as a means of instantaneous communication across unlimited distances. Essentially, a fun and light
hearted "what if ...".
Just the other day, I happened to be re-reading my OP in that particular thread when I had a personal "Eureka" moment and it suddenly occurred to me
that the topic of that thread might also have unintentionally given a glimpse into the weird and mysterious world of quantum entanglement and a
possible explanation for how the "spooky action at a distance" may work.
Now before I continue, let me be the 1st to admit that I'm probably talking through my hat here and just rambling on ... but to me personally, it
makes some kind of sense ... so bear with me as I go through it
Ok, 1st things 1st ... exactly what is quantum entanglement about ?
With the development of Quantum Mechanics starting around the beginning of the 20th century, it soon became apparent that the reality that we take so
much for granted around us changes dramatically as we venture deeper and deeper into the atomic and sub-atomic realm.
One of the most unexpected outcomes of QM theory is the notion that 2 particles when created simultaneously, could then be separated by immense
distances and yet a change in one of the particle pairs quantum state would be reflected immediately
in the other particles quantum state, even
if they were located on opposite sides of the universe ... and with no apparent means of communication between them.
This unexpected effect has been confirmed experimentally many times and though we don't, at present, have a clue as to how the 2 particles are able to
affect each other instantaneously over immense distances, we have no alternative but to accept the fact that the effect is completely real.
In fact, Einstein was so surprised that he called it "spooky action at a distance" !
A simple example is as follows:
Pairs of particles can be generated that are required to be in certain quantum states. For ease of understanding, consider the situation where a pair
of these particles are created, have a two-state spin and one must be spin up and the other must be spin down. These two particles can now be called
entangled since you can not fully describe one particle without mentioning the other.
Now at the moment of creation, and if we DO NOT
make a measurement of either particle, we have no way of knowing which particle is in which
spin state, up or down. Each particle has equal probability of being in one or the other.
So now we very carefully separate (without influencing or affecting in any way) the 2 particles by a considerable distance. At this stage, we still
have no idea of their individual spin states.
Now we select one of the particles and perform an experiment that determines that particle's spin state. Because the outcome of the measurement is
unpredictable, this will result in a 50% probability of the spin being up or down. Now this is the "spooky" part ... once the spin state of the
measured particle becomes known (up or down), the spin state of the other particle, no matter how far away it is
and who's spin state was
previously unknown, immediately takes on the spin state that is opposite to that carried by the measured particle !
So as I've already mentioned, this entanglement effect is well documented but as to how it happens, well, that completely eludes us at the moment.
Now for my Eureka moment
We know that the universe created many fundamental constants such as pi, e, phi as well as many others. As far as we know, these constants exist
throughout the universe and in fact, if these constants had any other value then their current values, the chances are that we wouldn't even exist and
perhaps not even the universe as we know it.
Lets now make an assumption.
Lets assume that whenever a pair of particles are created, e.g. 2 photons, that at the same time, another item is also created ... one that we can't
see, touch, measure or in anyway be informed of it's existence.
This additional item is a constant
This particular constant when created is specific
to it's associated particle pair and to no other particle pair. A further assumption would be
that each particle pair is produced with a unique constant ... in other words, the universe does not allow identical constants to exist at the same
time, otherwise there would be no way to tell such identical constants apart. So when a particle pair is created, a unique constant linked to this
specific particle pair comes into existence.
If the universe can create constants such as pi, e, phi, etc, why should it not be able to create any number, or even an infinite number, of
additional constants ? If not, then this would be a new law in physics, namely:
The number of fundamental constants is finite within a given universe
If such is proven to be true, then I claim naming rights and henceforth this law shall be known as
Tauristercus's Law of Finite Constant Creation
otherwise if not true, then I lay claim to
Tauristercus's Law of Infinite Constant Creation
But for the sake of this thread, lets assume that there actually is an infinite supply of fundamental constants and that the universe can create a new
one as needed ... in this case what I'll essentially now call an entanglement constant
So what's the purpose of this entanglement constant ?
Oh, I also lay claim to naming this entanglement constant and henceforth it's designation will be ec
... not as catchy as pi or phi ... but
what the heck, it's all mine !!!!
I propose that the primary purpose of this ec
is to provide the necessary linkage between the 2 particles.
I also propose that a secondary purpose of this ec
is to act as a kind of "repository" and store all the relevant quantum state details and
properties of each of the 2 particles e.g. spin state of particle 1, spin state of particle 2, etc
Now here's the beauty and simplicity of such an arrangement involving 2 particles and their associated ec
Because a fundamental constant is available anywhere in the universe and it's value likewise available anywhere in the universe, this means that no
matter where the 2 entangled particles end up in the universe or how far apart, they will ALWAYS
be linked by their unique ec
Therefore, when a measurement is made on the spin state of one of the particles and it collapses to say, spin up
... the corresponding
"repository" value for the spin state of that particle is immediately updated to spin up
... and the corresponding ec "repository" value for the spin state of the distant particle is immediately updated to show the opposite
spin state of the measured particle ... and immediately results in that distant particle being forced into, and acquiring, that opposite spin
And because the ec
permeates the entire universe, any change to the ec
reflected throughout the entire universe
and explains why the distant particle is IMMEDIATELY
forced into a specific spin state that is opposite to the spin state of the measured
So no need whatsoever to try different "tricks" such as breaking the light speed barrier, wormholes, hyperspace or any other means of getting
information from one place to another instantaneously ... just entangle the 2 particles, at the moment of their creation, with their very own unique
and fundamental constant !
When 2 particles are created simultaneously, a new entanglement constant, ec, is created that links the 2 particles permanently.
The ec acts as a "repository" that maintains all the pertinent quantum state properties of both particles.
The ec "mediates" the interactions of the 2 particles, no matter the distance separating the particles. When the quantum state of one
particle changes, the ec is immediately updated, this update immediately appears throughout the universe, immediately interacts with the other
particle and forcing an associated quantum state change to take place immediately.
The ec extends throughout the entire universe from the instant of it's creation, thereby overcoming any light speed limitations and/or
If one (or both) of the particles is converted to energy, their unique ec is immediately removed from the universe.
Ok, so there you have ... for whatever it's worth
I know that there's a heap of questions that need answering, such as how are the particle's respective quantum states converted into "information"
stored within their ec, how are "unique" entanglement constants created, how are the unique entanglement constants linked to a particular pair
of particles, etc, etc ... but current Quantum Mechanics is just full of such unanswered questions - but that doesn't stop us from using it !
Could Einsteins "spooky action at a distance" be explained simply as quantum state information exchange between the 2 entangled particles by way of a
unique and specific entanglement constant, created at the instant of particle creation and permanently linked to them ?
Beats me ... but sure sounded good in my head !
edit on 25/1/11 by tauristercus because: (no reason given)