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Gulf menhaden range from the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico to Tampa Bay, Florida, finescale menhaden from the Yucatán to Louisiana, yellowfin menhaden from Louisiana to Virginia. The Atlantic menhaden ranges from Jupiter Inlet, Florida, to Nova Scotia. The various species of menhaden occur anywhere from estuarine waters outwards to the continental shelf.
Presently, menhaden are an important input for fishmeal and fish oil, with both of these "reduction" products being used as feed for livestock and aquaculture, such as salmon, and in the case of fish oil for human consumption as a dietary supplement. Atlantic menhaden are an important link between plankton and upper level predators. Because of their filter feeding abilities, “menhaden consume and redistribute a significant amount of energy within and between Chesapeake Bay and other estuaries, and the coastal ocean.” Because they play this role, and their abundance, menhaden are an invaluable prey species for many predatory fish, such as striped bass, bluefish, mackerel, flounder, tuna, Drum_(fish), and sharks. They are also a very important food source for many birds, including egrets, ospreys, seagulls, northern gannets, pelicans, and herons.
According to James Kirkley of the Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS), there are two established commercial fisheries for menhaden. The first is known as a reduction fishery. According to the Omega Protein Corporation, this fishery's output produces omega-3 oils for human consumption, and for aquaculture, swine, and other livestock feeds. The second is known as a bait fishery, which harvests menhaden for the use of both commercial and recreational fishermen. Commercial fishermen, especially crabbers in the Chesapeake Bay area, use menhaden to bait their traps or hooks. The recreational fisherman use ground menhaden chum as a fish attractant, and whole fish as bait. The total harvest is approximately 500 million animals per year.
Two companies harvest menhaden in the United States:
1. Omega Protein Corporation, Houston, Texas, with operations in Virginia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama which takes 90% of the national total; and
2. Daybrook Fisheries, Empire, Louisiana.
Dear Mr. Landry -
I am writing to you due to recent concerns that I have regarding the recent BP incident that took place in the waters of the Gulf of Mexico. It is my understanding that you have operations in Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama, all of which have been dramatically impacted by this incident. As a consumer of fish oil products that are likely derived by your operations, I am greatly concerned about the possible ramifications this can have. I'd like to know what tests, if any, you have done to guarantee consumers and the public that there are absolutely zero contaminants from the BP incident in your products? I would also like to know if the tests are specific to Corexit or if they also include any ingredients or by-products of Corexit and what frequency any testing is being conducted?
I appreciate you time in advance and look forward to your response.
"BIOACCUMULATION POTENTIAL Component substances have a potential to bio-concentrate" It's going to get passed down the food chain, where simple organisms (who may have a higher concentration of Corexit) get eaten by more complex organisms. See the LC50 findings above.
Originally posted by searching4truth
Yeah, I had a similar thought but how does that explain the fish that washed up Chicago, or globally for that matter?
Mr Landry -
I am writing to you, again, as a follow-up to my previous email to you, to inquire about your testing of the fish you use for your products.
I can assure you, this is a serious inquiry and not a joke or a pun.
As a consumer of fish oil products, I am concerned since your business deals with the area involved in the BP Gulf of Mexico oil spill, which was known to use Corexit. Given the fact that the fish used in fish oil products is mostly non-edible fish, there is a great concern that testing for these harmful chemicals is being overlooked. Your failed response to my first inquiry would lead someone to question if that oversight is intentional or not.
I respectfully ask that you reply back with as much information as you can provide.
Thank you, again, in advance, for you time and consideration.