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3 Interesting Black's Law Dictionary Definitions

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posted on Jan, 15 2011 @ 11:09 AM
Black's Law Dictionary 8th edition - pg. 2167 - human rights - human rights.The freedoms, immunities, and benefits that, according to modern values (esp.
at an international level), all human beings should be able to claim as a matter of right in the
society in which they live. See UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS . [Cases:
Civil Rights 1026. C.J.S. Civil Rights §§ 4–5, 8, 13.]

Black's Law Dictionary 8th edition - pg. 4772 - Universal Declaration of Human Rights.An international bill of rights proclaimed by the
United Nations in December 1948, being that body's first general enumeration of human rights
and fundamental freedoms. • The preamble states that “recognition of the inherent dignity and of
the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom,
justice and peace in the world.” The Declaration contains a lengthy list of rights and fundamental
freedoms. For the full text of the Declaration, see Appendix D. [Cases: International Law
“The Universal Declaration is the first comprehensive human rights instrument to be
proclaimed by a universal international organization. Because of its moral status and the legal and
political importance it has acquired over the years, the Declaration ranks with the Magna Carta,
the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and the American Declaration of Independence as a
milestone in mankind's struggle for freedom and human dignity. Its debt to all these great
historical documents is unmistakable.” Thomas Buergenthal et al., International Human Rights in
a Nutshell 35–36 (3d ed. 2002).

Black's Law Dictionary 8th edition - pg. 1271 - real defense, found under DEFENSE - real defense.A type of defense that is good against any possible claimant, so that the maker or
drawer of a negotiable instrument can raise it even against a holder in due course. • The ten real
defenses are (1) fraud in the factum, (2) forgery of a necessary signature, (3) adjudicated insanity
that, under state law, renders the contract void from its inception, (4) material alteration of the
instrument, (5) infancy, which renders the contract voidable under state law, (6) illegality that
renders the underlying contract void, (7) duress, (8) discharge in bankruptcy, or any discharge
known to the holder in due course, (9) a suretyship defense (for example, if the holder knew that
one indorser was signing as a surety or accommodation party), and (10) a statute of limitations
(generally three years after dishonor or acceptance on a draft and six years after demand or other
due date on a note). — Also termed absolute defense; universal defense. [Cases: Bills and Notes
364. C.J.S. Bills and Notes; Letters of Credit § 191.]



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