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Political philosophy is the study of human social organization and of the nature of man/woman in society. A political philosopher is likely to ponder the following questions: What is the ideal form of government? Is it aristocracy, monarchy, theocracy, democracy, some mix of the different systems, or absolutely no government at all (anarchy)? And which economic system is best? A predominantly capitalistic one, a socialistic one, or perhaps a mix of the two? At what point in history did people agree upon the "need" for government? How did they live before the inauguration of government -- i.e., in the "state of nature"? Are people inherently good or bad, or neither? Are the problems of society owing mostly to man's fallen nature, to bad social organization and management, or to something else? What remedial agency does the world most need? More religion and spirituality? Wiser, abler rulers? Fewer laws and regulations? By what criteria can a society be judged good? By its wealth? By the way in which it treats its poorest members? By the richness of its art and culture? By the ease with which personal bonds are formed? Are we "our brothers' keeper"? Do we have any responsibility to those less fortunate than ourselves? These are merely a few of the many questions that political philosophers ponder.
Originally posted by Misoir
While Libertarian does not support the abolition of the state, Anarchism does.
‘One gratifying aspect of our rise to some prominence is that, for the first time in my memory, we, “our side,” had captured a crucial word from the enemy . . . “Libertarians” . . . had long been simply a polite word for left-wing anarchists, that is for anti-private property anarchists, either of the communist or syndicalist variety. But now we had taken it over. . .’ [The Betrayal of the American Right, p. 83]
Originally posted by Misoir
reply to post by ANOK
I was under the assumption that the member I was responding to was an American thus using the standard Right-Libertarian definition for Libertarianism I believed would apply to his general thought. In Europe I am aware and in full understand that the term Libertarian was originally coined there as the term for the current ideology of Anarchism....
It was never meant to symbolize defense of the capitalist system as it has been interpreted in the United States.
"Libertarian" is a word that historically belongs to the Left - to the revolutionary and anti-Statist Left. We will not allow it to be devalued by reference to the Right (or for that matter to the reformist Left, as also happens sometimes). Thatcherites, survivalists, vigilantes and all other rightwing loony tunes are not and have never been libertarians. Everywhere these ideas hold sway liberty is on the rack. - D
Originally posted by kwakakev
reply to post by Misoir
In a perfect world what political philosophy has the most respected and justified system for global management?
And how does this relate to the diverse local systems of governance?
Originally posted by Maslo
1. Do you believe socialist anarchism (or collectivist anarchy) is possible in real world?
Isnt it a contradiction in itself?
How can common property arise from private property environment (and maintain itsef) without some forcing agent (government)?
If companies owned by all workers like shareholders are possible to arise and be better than privately owned companies in free environment, why havent they arisen in capitalist society and out-competed privately owned companies on the free market?
Doesnt socialism in its true definition (common ownership of all means of production) directly imply authoritarian government in some form?
2 Libertarianism / anarchocapitalism is centered around natural rights: People have the right to life, liberty and property. The first right is obviously most important, followed by second and third respectivelly. In your opinion, havent modern extremist libertarians wrongly elevated right to property and liberty above the right to live?
(by fighting against even basic lifesaving welfare state, national healthcare, or for example critizing drunk driving laws and other sensible preventive laws which protect more important right to live, by infringing on the other two rights, in case when these can come into conflict).