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Timewave Zero daily resonances

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posted on Dec, 31 2010 @ 06:04 PM
reply to post by xweaponx

You don't go in a football club and tell everyone they're wasting their time because they'll never win the next match.

My life is not of your concern. Get off this thread if you want to gain time...
Let's see your opinion on January 17 2011.

What do you care if I waste time? I have plenty of free time...And I don't believe in the freaking end of the world...

edit on 31-12-2010 by Zagari because: (no reason given)

posted on Jan, 7 2011 @ 08:35 AM

Originally posted by Zagari
reply to post by ararisq

Can you tell me the dates? Anyway if its 1944 it resonates with next year...

Operation Valkyrie was a continuation of government plan. On July 20, 1944, an attempt was made on Adolf Hitler's life by a bomb which narrowly missed killing Hitler. The continuation plan though allowed them to temporarily transfer control of the government to themselves (the conspirators/good men) but Hitler regained control with a public address. Its a sort of beast of revelation being wounded in the head type of scenario.

posted on Jan, 11 2011 @ 12:43 PM


JANUARY 3 2011
Standard graph:


January 11 – Louis Pasteur's anti-rabies treatment is defended in the French Academy of Medicine by Dr. Joseph Grancher.
January 20 – The United States Senate allows the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor as a naval base.
January 21
The Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) is formed.
Brisbane receives a daily rainfall of 465 millimetres – a record for any Australian capital city

posted on Jan, 11 2011 @ 01:51 PM
We do have the tools to predict the future...
The Timewave graph needs serious attention and scutiny of the smallest things

THE SOONER you understand THE BETTER we will be..

posted on Jan, 17 2011 @ 07:44 AM
JANUARY 17 2011 - one of the principal dates of 2011, the second most novel day in 2011

standard graph:


June 29–30 – First Inter-Parliamentary Conference held.
June – Vincent van Gogh paints Starry Night.
[edit] July–SeptemberJuly 8 – The first issue of the Wall Street Journal is published.
July 14 – International Workers Congresses of Paris, 1889 establish the Second International
July 31 – Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife marries Alexander Duff, 1st Duke of Fife.
August 14 – The Great London Dock Strike breaks out in England.
August 26 – The Prevention of Cruelty to, and Protection of, Children Act 1889, commonly known as the Children's Charter is passed in Britain

January 17 2011 comparison with 1943: standard

October 5 1943

October 5: Nazi Germany incorporates the Istrian Peninsula, much of the Italian Alps, and the eastern Italian city of Trieste into the Reich.

Islam and its Reich: October 5, 1943, the Mufti arrived in Germany visiting the Research Institute on the Jewish Problem, where he declared that Muslims and Germans were “Partners and allies in the battle against world Jewry.”

JANUARY 18 2011

Standard graph:


August 30 – Official opening of Royal Mail Mount Pleasant Sorting Office in London.
August – The Jewish Settlement of Moisés Ville is founded in Argentina.
September 10 – Albert Honoré Charles Grimaldi becomes Albert I, Prince of Monaco.
September 17 – Civil War veteran Charles Charles Jefferson Wright founds New York Military Academy with 75 students on 30 acres (120,000 m2) of land in Cornwall, NY.
September 23 – The Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) is founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market Hanafuda playing cards.
[edit] October–December
September 23: Nintendo founded as a playing card manufacturerOctober 2 – In Washington, DC, the first International Conference of American States begins.
October 6 – The Moulin Rouge cabaret opens in Paris.
October 24 – Sir Henry Parkes, Premier of New South Wales, delivers the Tenterfield Oration calling for the Federation of Australia.

Comparison with 1943: October 6 1943 - October 6 – WWII: Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Vella Lavella.

JANUARY 19 2011

Standard graph:


November 2 – North Dakota and South Dakota are admitted as the 39th and 40th U.S. states.
November 8 – Montana is admitted as the 41st U.S. state.
November 11 – Washington is admitted as the 42nd U.S. state.
November 14 – Inspired by Jules Verne, pioneer woman journalist Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane) begins an attempt to beat travel around the world in less than 80 days (Bly finishes the journey in 72 days, 6 hours and 11 minutes).
November 15 – Field Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca organizes a military coup which deposes Emperor Pedro II of Brazil and abolishes the Brazilian monarchy.
November 17 – The Brazilian Royal Family is forced into exile in France.
November 19 – The Empire of Brazil officially becomes a Federal Republic and Field Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca becomes its first president.
November 20 – Argentina is the first country to recognize the abolition of the monarchy in Brazil.
November 21 – Gustav Mahler's First Symphony premieres.
November 23 – The first jukebox goes into operation at the Palais Royale Saloon in San Francisco.
November 27 – Clemson University is founded in Clemson, South Carolina.
December 4 – The Bayswater Railway Station (Victoria, Australia) officially opens.
December 14 – Wofford and Furman play the first intercollegiate football game in the state of South Carolina.
December 23 – The Spanish football team Recreativo de Huelva is formed (currently the oldest club in Spain).

Comparison with 1943: October 7 1943 - October 7 – WWII: The Naples post office explosion kills 100.

JANUARY 20 2011

Standard graph:


January 1
The Kingdom of Italy establishes Eritrea as its colony in the Horn of Africa.
In Michigan, the wooden steamer Mackinaw burns in a fire on the Black River.[1]
January 2
The steamship Persia is wrecked off Corsica; 130 lives are lost.[citation needed]
Alice Sanger becomes the first female staffer in the White House.[2]
January 15 – The Sleeping Beauty (ballet) with music by Tchaikovsky is premiered at the Imperial Mariinsky Theatre in St Petersburg, Russia.
January 25
The United Mine Workers of America is founded.
Nellie Bly completes her round-the-world journey in 72 days.

March 4: Forth Bridge is opened.February 17 – The British steamship Duburg is wrecked in the China Seas: 400 lives are lost.[citation needed]
February 24 – Chicago is selected to host the Columbian Exposition
March 1
The British steamship Quetia founders in the Lorres Straits: 124 lives are lost.[citation needed]
Léon Bourgeois succeeds Jean Antoine Ernest Constans as French Minister of the Interior.
March 3 – The first football game in Ohio State history is played in Delaware, Ohio against Ohio Wesylan where Ohio State won 20–14.
March 4 – The longest bridge in Britain, the Forth Bridge (8,296 ft) in Scotland, is opened.
March 8 – North Dakota State University is founded in Fargo, North Dakota.

Comparison with 1943: October 8 1943

JANUARY 21 2011


March 20 – Wilhelm II of Germany dismisses Otto von Bismarck.
March 27 – A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 people and injuring 200.
March 28 – Washington State University is founded in Pullman, Washington.
[edit] April–June
May 31: Cleveland Arcade.April 14 – Commercial Bureau of the American Republics
May 12 – The first ever official County Championship cricket match begins in Bristol; Yorkshire beats Gloucestershire by 8 wickets.

Comparison with 1943: October 9 1943

JANUARY 22 2011


May 31 – The 5-story skylight Arcade opens in Cleveland, Ohio.
June 1 – The United States Census Bureau begins using Herman Hollerith's tabulating machine to count census returns.
June 12 – In Michigan, the wooden steamer Ryan is lost near Thunder Bay Island.[1]
June 20 – The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde published by Philadelphia based Lippincott's Monthly magazine.

July 27: Vincent van Gogh.[edit] July–SeptemberJuly 1 – Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty is signed by Great Britain and Germany.
July 2 – The Sherman Antitrust Act and Sherman Silver Purchase Act become United States law.
July 3 – Idaho is admitted as the 43rd U.S. state.
July 10 – Wyoming is admitted as the 44th U.S. state.
July 13 – In Minnesota, storms result in the Sea Wing disaster on Lake Pepin killing 98.

Comparison with 1943: October 10 1943 - October 10 – The Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky is instituted in the USSR.

JANUARY 23 2011


July 26 – In Buenos Aires, the Revolución del Parque takes place, forcing President Juárez Celman's resignation.
July 27 – Vincent van Gogh shoots himself in the stomach and dies two days later.
July – Politics of Japan: In the first general election for the House of Representatives of Japan, c. 5% of the adult male population elect a lower house of the Diet of Japan.
August 6 – At Auburn Prison in New York, William Kemmler becomes the first person to be executed in the electric chair.
September 19 – The Turkish frigate Ertogrul founders off Japan; 540 lives are lost

Comparison with 1943: October 11 1943

JANUARY 24 2011


October 1 – Weather Bureau (within Department of Agriculture).
October 8 – The first brief, partially controlled flight of Clément Ader's airplane "Eole" takes place in Satory, France.
October 11 – In Washington, D.C., the Daughters of the American Revolution is founded.
October 13
In Michigan, the schooner J.F. Warner is lost at Thunder Bay.[1]
The Delta Chi Fraternity is founded by 11 law students at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.

Comparison with 1943: October 12 1943

JANUARY 25 2011

1890- 1891

November 23 – King William III of the Netherlands dies without a male heir, and his daughter Princess Wilhelmina becomes Queen, causing Luxembourg (who required a male heir) to declare independence.
November 29
The Meiji Constitution goes into effect in Japan and the first Diet convenes.
In West Point, New York, the United States Navy defeats the United States Army 24–0 in the first Army–Navy Game.
November – Scotland Yard, headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, moves to a building on London's Victoria Embankment, as the New Scotland Yard.
December 27 – The British steamship Shanghai burns in the China Seas; 101 lives are lost.[citation needed]
December 29 – Wounded Knee Massacre: At Wounded Knee, South Dakota, a Native American camp, the U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment tries to disperse the non-violent "Ghost-Dance" which was promised to usher in a new era of power and freedom to Native Americans but was feared as a potential rallying tool for violent rebellion by some in the U.S. government. Shooting begins, and 153 Lakota Sioux and 25 troops are killed; about 150 flee the scene.
January 1 – Paying of old age pensions begins in Germany.
January 16 – The Chilean Civil War breakes out.
January 20 – Jim Hogg becomes the first native Texan to be governor of that state.

Comparison with 1943: October 13 1943 - October 13 – WWII: The new government of Italy sides with the Allies and declares war on Germany

JANUARY 26 2011


January 29 – Liliuokalani is proclaimed Queen of Hawaii.
January 31 – The Portuguese republican revolution breaks out in the northern city of Porto.
February 14 – In the FA Cup Quarter Final, a goal is deliberately stopped by handball on the goal line. An Indirect free kick is awarded, since the Penalty kick was proposed that year but not implemented. This event probably changes public opinion on the penalty kick, which was seen as 'an Irishman's motion' before (see William McCrum).
February 15 – AIK is founded.
February 21 – Springhill, Nova Scotia suffers a serious mining disaster.
March 3 – The International Copyright Act of 1891 is passed by the Fifty-first United States Congress.
March 9–March 12 – A powerful storm off England's south coast sinks 14 ships.
March 14 – In New Orleans, a lynch mob storms the Old Parish Prison and lynches 11 Italians arrested but found innocent of the murder of Police Chief David Hennessy.
March 15 – Jesse W. Reno patents the first escalator at Coney Beach.
March 17 – The British steamship SS Utopia sinks in the inner harbor of Gibraltar, killing 564.[1]

Comparison with 1943: October 14 1943

JANUARY 27 2011


April 1 – The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago.
May – Mirza Ghulam Ahmad claims to be the Promised Messiah (The second coming of Jesus) and the Mahdi awaited in Islam.
May 1 – Troops fire on a workers' May Day demonstration in support of the 8-hour workday in Fourmies, France, killing 9 and wounding 30.
May 1 – The first Fascio dei lavoratori (Workers League) is founded by Giuseppe De Felice Giuffrida in Catania (Sicily).
May 5 – The Music Hall in New York (now known as Carnegie Hall) has its grand opening and first public performance, with maestro Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky as the guest conductor.
May 11 – Otsu Incident: Czarevich Nikolai Alexandrovich of Russia survives an assassination attempt while visiting Japan.
May 15 – Pope Leo XIII issues the encyclical Rerum Novarum, resulting in the creation of many Christian Democrat Parties throughout Europe.
May 20 – Thomas Alva Edison's prototype kinetoscope is first displayed at Edison's Laboratory, for a convention of the National Federation of Women's Clubs.

Comparison with 1943: October 15 1943

JANUARY 28 2011


May 31 N.S. (May 19 O.S.) – In the area of Kuperovskaya fold in Vladivostok, a ceremony marking the grand laying of the Trans-Siberian Railroad is carried out and a service on this occasion is held. Czarevich Nikolai Alexandrovich (future emperor Nikolai II) takes part in this ceremony.
June 16 – John Abbott becomes Canada's third prime minister.
June 21 – First long-distance transmission of alternating current by the Ames power plant near Telluride, Colorado by Lucien and Paul Nunn.

Comparison with 1943: October 16 1943

JANUARY 29 2011


August 27 – France and Russia conclude a defensive alliance.
September 14 – The first penalty kick is awarded in a football (soccer) match; John Heath scores it for the Wolverhampton Wanderers.
September 28 – The C.A. Peñarol is founded in Montevideo under the name of the CURCC (Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club).
[edit] October–DecemberOctober 1 – In California, Stanford University opens its doors.

COMPARISON with 1943: October 17 1943 - October 17 – WWII: The last commerce raider hilfskreuzer Michel, was sunk off Japan by United States submarine Tarpon

JANUARY 30 2011


October 27 – An 8.0 earthquake strikes the village of Utsuzumi in rural Gifu, Japan, killing over 7,000 across the region and creating a 3-meter-tall surface fault that is still visible.
November 28 – The International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers was organized.

comparison with 1943: October 18 1943 - October 18 – Chiang Kai-shek takes the oath of office as president of China.

JANUARY 31 2011


January 1 – Ellis Island begins accommodating immigrants to the United States.
January 15 – James Naismith publishes the rules for basketball.
January 20 – At the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts, the first official basketball game is played.

comparison with 1943 : October 19 1943



February 12 – Former President Abraham Lincoln's birthday is declared a national holiday in the United States.
February 18 – Pennsauken Township, New Jersey is incorporated.
February 27 – Rudolf Diesel applies for a patent on his compression ignition engine (the Diesel engine).
March 1 – Theodoros Deligiannis ends his term as Prime Minister of Greece and Konstantinos Konstantopoulos takes office.
March 13 – Ernest Louis, a grandson of Queen Victoria, becomes Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine on the death of his father, Grand Duke Louis IV.
March 15 – The Liverpool Football Club is founded by John Houlding, the owner of Anfield. Houlding decides to form his own team after Everton leaves Anfield in an argument over rent.
March 20 – The first ever French rugby championship final takes place in Paris. Pierre de Coubertin referees the match, which Racing Club de France wins 4–3 over Stade Français.
March 31 – The world's first fingerprinting bureau is formally opened by the Buenos Aires Chief of Police; it had been operating unofficially since the previous year.
[edit] April–JuneApril – The Johnson County War breaks out between small farmers and large ranchers in Wyoming.
April 1 – The city of Maebashi is founded by the samurai Makuba Kawai.

Comparison with 1943 - October 19 1943



April 15 – The General Electric Company is established through the merger of the Thomson-Houston Company and the Edison General Electric Company.
April 29 – Redondo Beach, California, USA is founded.
May 7 – The Cook Islands issue their first postage stamps.
May 19 – Battle of Yemoja River: British troops defeat Ijebu infantry in modern-day Nigeria, using a maxim gun.
May 22 – The British conquest of Ijebu-Ode marks a major extension of colonial power into the Nigerian interior.
May 24 – Prince George of Wales becomes Duke of York.
May 28 – In San Francisco, California, John Muir organizes the Sierra Club.
June 4 – Abercrombie & Fitch is established by David T. Abercrombie.
June 7 – Homer Plessy (who is black) is arrested for sitting on the whites-only car in Louisiana, leading to the landmark Plessy v. Ferguson court case.
June 11 – The Limelight Department, later one of the world's first film studios, is officially established in Melbourne, Australia.

Comparison with 1943 - October 20 1943



June 30 – The Homestead Strike begins in Homestead, Pennsylvania, culminating in a battle between striking workers and private security agents on July 6.
[edit] July–SeptemberJuly 4 – Samoa: Samoa changes its time zone to being 3 hours behind California, such that it crosses the international date line and July 4 occurs twice.
July 4–July 18 – British general election: The Unionist government loses its majority.
July 6
Dr. Jose Rizal, Filipino writer, philosopher, and political activist is arrested by Spanish authorities in connection with La Liga Filipina.
Homestead Strike: The arrival of a force of 300 Pinkerton detectives from New York and Chicago results in a fight in which about 10 men are killed.
July 8 – The Great Fire of 1892 devastates the city of St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador.
July 12 – A hidden lake bursts out of a glacier on the side of Mont Blanc, flooding the valley below and killing around 200 villagers and holidaymakers in Saint-Gervais-les-Bains.
July 13 – United International Bureau for the Protection of Intellectual Property (UIBPIP or BIRPI).
August 4 – The father and stepmother of Lizzie Borden are found murdered in their Fall River, Massachusetts home.
August 9 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for a two-way telegraph.
August 18 – William Ewart Gladstone assumes British premiership at head of Liberal government, with Irish Nationalist Party support.

Comparison with 1943 - October 21 1943 -
October 21 – Lucie Aubrac and others in her French Resistance cell liberate Raymond Aubrac from Gestapo imprisonment.



September 3 – The Nottingham Forest Football Club plays their first league match, a 2–2 draw with Everton FC.
September 15 – Sergei Witte replaces Ivan Vyshnegradsky as Russian finance minister.
[edit] October–December
October 5: Dalton Gang.
Oct.31: "Sherlock Holmes"October 5
The Dalton Gang, attempting to rob 2 banks in Coffeyville, Kansas, is shot by the townspeople; only Emmett Dalton, with 23 wounds, survives, to spend 14 years in prison.
Master criminal Adam Worth is captured in Liège, Belgium during an attempted robbery of a money delivery cart.
October 12 – To mark the 400th anniversary Columbus Day holiday, the "Pledge of Allegiance" is first recited in unison by students in U.S. public schools.

Comparison with 1943 - October 22 – WWII: The RAF delivers a highly destructive airstrike on the German industrial and population center of Kassel



October 31 – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
November 8
U.S. presidential election, 1892: Grover Cleveland is elected over Benjamin Harrison and James B. Weaver to win the second of his non-consecutive terms.
An anarchist bomb kills six in a police station in Avenue de l'Opera, Paris.
The four-day New Orleans General Strike begins.
November 17 – French troops occupy Abomey, capital of the kingdom of Dahomey.
December 5 – John Thompson becomes Canada's fourth prime minister.
December 18 – The Nutcracker ballet with music by Tchaikovsky is premiered at the Imperial Mariinsky Theatre in St Petersburg, Russia.
December 22 – The Newcastle East End F.C. is renamed Newcastle United F.C., following the demise of the Newcastle West End F.C. and East End's move to St James' Park, formerly West End's home.



January 2 – Webb C. Ball introduces railroad chronometers, which become the general railroad timepiece standards in North America.
January 13 – The Independent Labour Party of the UK has its first meeting.
January 17 – The U.S. Marines intervene in Hawaii, resulting in overthrow of the government of Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii.
January 21 – The Cherry Sisters first perform in Marion, Iowa.
February 1 – Thomas A. Edison finishes construction of the first motion picture studio in West Orange, New Jersey.
February 19 – The SS Naronic is believed to have sunk due to a storm.
February 23 – Rudolf Diesel receives a patent for the diesel engine.
February 24 – American University is established by an Act of Congress in Washington, D.C.



March 4 – President of the United States Benjamin Harrison is succeeded by Stephen Grover Cleveland.
March 10 – Côte d'Ivoire becomes a French colony.
March 20 – In Belgium, Adam Worth is sentenced to 7 years for robbery (he is released in 1897).
[edit] April–June
May 1: World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago.April 1 – The rank of Chief Petty Officer is established in the United States Navy.
April 8 – The first recorded college basketball game occurs in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania between the Geneva College Covenanters and the New Brighton YMCA.
April 17 – Riots of Mons during the Belgian general strike of 1893, The day after, Belgian parliament approved Universal suffrage.
April 17 – Alpha Xi Delta founded



May 1 – The 1893 World's Fair, also known as the World's Columbian Exposition, opens to the public in Chicago, USA. The first United States commemorative postage stamps are issued for the Exposition.
May 5 – Panic of 1893: A crash on the New York Stock Exchange starts a depression.
May 9 – Edison's 1½ inch system of Kinetoscope is first demonstrated in public at the Brooklyn Institute.
May 10 – The United States Supreme Court legally declares the tomato to be a vegetable.
May – The Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland is formed.

June 22: Flagship Victoria sinks.June 6 – Prince George, Duke of York marries Mary of Teck.
June 7 – Gandhi commits his first act of civil disobedience in India.
June 17 – Gold is found in Kalgoorlie, Western Australia.
June 20 – The Wengernalpbahn railway in Wengen, Switzerland (Canton of Bern) is opened.
June 22 – The flagship Victoria of the British Mediterranean Fleet collides with Camperdown and sinks in 10 minutes; Vice-admiral Sir George Tryon goes down with his ship.
[edit] July–September
June 20: Wengernalpbahn railway.July 1 – U.S. President Grover Cleveland is operated on in secret.
July 6 – The small town of Pomeroy, Iowa is nearly destroyed by a tornado; 71 people are killed and 200 injured.



July 11 – Kokichi Mikimoto, in Japan, develops the method to seed and grow cultured pearls.
July 12
Frederick Jackson Turner gives a lecture titled "The Significance of the Frontier in American History" before the American Historical Association in Chicago.
The Dundee FC, a Scottish football club, is formed.
August 27 – The Sea Islands Hurricane hits Savannah, Charleston, and the Sea Islands, killing 1,000–2,000.

July 11: Mikimoto develops cultured pearls.September 7 – The Genoa Cricket & Athletic Club, the oldest Italian football club, is formed.
September 7 – Under the pressure of a general strike, the Belgian Federal Parliament accepts a proposal to accept general multiple suffrage

FEBRUARY 10 2011


September 11 – The World Parliament of Religions in Chicago opens its first meeting.
September 11 – Standing ovation to Hindu monk Swami Vivekanda for his address in Response to the welcome at the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago.
September 19
Swami Vivekananda delivers an inspiring speech on his paper at the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago.
New Zealand becomes the first country in the world to grant women the right to vote.
The Russian ironclad Rusalka disappears in a storm en route from Tallinn to Helsinki; her hulk is eventually discovered in July 2003, off Helsinki.
September 21 – Brothers Charles and Frank Duryea drive the first gasoline-powered motorcar in America on public roads in Springfield, Massachusetts.
September 23 – The Bahá'í Faith is first publicly mentioned in the United States at the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago.
September 27 – The World Parliament of Religions holds its closing meeting in Chicago.
September 28 – The Portuguese sports club Futebol Clube do Porto is founded.
[edit] October–DecemberOctober 10 – The first car number plates appear in Paris, France.
October 23 – The Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO) is founded by the Bulgarians in the town of Thessaloniki.Its aim was to libarate the region of Macedonia from the Ottoman Turks.
October 30 – The 1893 World's Fair, also known as the World's Columbian Exposition, closes.
November – In the United Kingdom, the Local Government Act 1894 is read for the second time in the House of Commons.
November 7 – Colorado women are granted the right to vote.

Comparison with 1943 : October 28 1943 - October 28 – The alleged date of The Philadelphia Experiment, in which the U.S. destroyer escort USS Eldridge was to be rendered invisible to human observers for a brief period.

posted on Jan, 18 2011 @ 11:36 AM

May 15 2011, September 5 2011, October 18 2011, October 21 2011, October 28 2011, November 6 2011

Standard and original graph

MAY 15 2011

1910 - Standard graph

MarchMain article: March 1910

March – An uprising against Ottoman rule breaks out in Albania.
March 27 – A fire during a barn-dance in Ököritófülpös, Hungary kills 312.
[edit] AprilMain article: April 1910

April 20 – Comet Halley is visible from Earth.


With the invention of newspapers, the telegraph, and the telephone came an increase in communication between people. Although doomsayers have always existed, this opened up a new avenue for them to pass their word to others. Perhaps the first major test of this came with the appearance of Halley's Comet in 1910.
A little bit of scientific information in the wrong hands can be dangerous. During the latter half of the 19th century astronomers had developed a tool that enabled them to analyze the light being reflected by comets. One of the first discoveries was that comets reflected sunlight, which makes a lot of sense to us nowadays since we know comets do not emit light, but this did surprise of lot of people. Interestingly, however, bright comets would actually reflect sunlight as it passed through their own dense clouds of dust and gas. This allowed astronomers to begin determining what comets were actually made of. One of the earliest discoveries was that comets contained cyanogen, a very poisonous gas.
As Halley's Comet approached the sun in 1910, astronomers announced that Earth would actually pass through the tail of this comet during May of that year. They assured everyone that our planet was safe and suggested the possibility of some spectacular sunsets. Meanwhile, the doomsayers latched onto a potential link: if comets contain a poisonous gas and if Earth is going to pass through the comet's tail, then the people of Earth were in serious danger. Numerous newspapers actually published this story. Astronomers countered by saying the material in the tail was so spread out that there could be no ill affects, but few newspapers published this accurate information. Interestingly, a minor panic arose in some cities and entrepreneurs took advantage of it. They sold "comet pills" which were said to counter the effects of the poisonous gas. The pills sold like crazy. On May 20, after Earth had passed through the tail, everyone who had taken the pills was still alive...but, then, so was everyone else.

Correlation with 1944: 1 January 1944


Original Graph

1929- 1930

December 28 – "Black Saturday" in Samoa: New Zealand colonial police kill 11 unarmed demonstrators, an event which leads the Mau movement to demand independence for Samoa.[12]
December 29 – The All India Congress in Lahore demands Indian independence

January 6
The first diesel engine automobile trip is completed (Indianapolis, Indiana, to New York City).
The first literary character licensing agreement is signed by A. A. Milne, granting Stephen Slesinger U.S. and Canadian merchandising rights to the Winnie-the-Pooh works.
January 13 – The Mickey Mouse comic strip makes its first appearance.
January 26 – The Indian National Congress declares 26 January as Independence Day or as the day for Poorna Swaraj (Complete Independence).
January 30 – The first radiosonde is launched in Pavlovsk, USSR.
January 31 – The 3M company markets Scotch Tape.
February 18
While studying photographs taken in January, Clyde Tombaugh confirms the existence of Pluto, a heavenly body considered a planet until 2006, when the term "planet" was officially defined. Pluto is now considered a Dwarf Planet.
Elm Farm Ollie becomes the first cow to fly in an airplane, and also the first cow to be milked in an airplane.

Correlations with 1944: April 22 1944


Original Graph:


February 6 – The IV Olympic Winter Games open in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.
February 17 The first superhero to wear a skin-tight costume and mask, The Phantom, makes his first appearance in U.S. newspapers.
February 26 – The Imperial Way Faction engineers a failed coup against the Japanese government; some politicians are killed.
February 29 – Emperor Hirohito orders the Japanese army to arrest 123 conspirators in Tokyo government offices; 19 of them are executed in July.
February – John Maynard Keynes' book The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money is published in the UK.
[edit] March–April
March 1: Hoover Dam is completedMarch 1 – Construction of Hoover Dam is completed.
March 7 – In violation of the Treaty of Versailles, Nazi Germany reoccupies the Rhineland.
March 9 – Pro-democratic militarist Keisuke Okada steps down as Prime Minister of Japan and is replaced by radical militarist Koki Hirota.
March 17–March 18 – St. Patrick's Day Flood: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, suffers the worst flooding in its history.
March 26 – The longest game in the history of the National Hockey League was played. The Montreal Maroons and Detroit Red Wings went scoreless until 16 and a half minutes into the sixth OT when Mud Bruneteau ends it at 2:25 in the morning. It would be the longest game until May 4, 2000.
April 3 – Bruno Richard Hauptmann, convicted of kidnapping and killing Charles Lindbergh III, is executed in New Jersey.
April 5 – A tornado hits Tupelo, Mississippi, killing 216 and injuring over 700 (the 4th deadliest tornado in U.S. history).
April 6 – Two tornadoes strike Gainesville, Georgia. The smaller tornado hits north Gainsville, the stronger tornado the west side of town. 203 die and 1,600 are injured in the 5th deadliest tornado in U.S. history.

Correlations with 1944: May 27 1944

OCTOBER 18 2011

Standard graph:


JulyJuly 1
The Gestapo arrests pastor Martin Niemöller.
In a referendum the people of the Irish Free State accept the new Constitution by 685,105 votes to 527,945.
First alleged sighting of the White River Monster.
July 2
Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappear after taking off from New Guinea during Earhart's attempt to become the first woman to fly around the world.
A guard takes his place at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Washington, DC; continuous guard has been maintained there ever since.
July 5 – The highest recorded temperature in Canada, at Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan, is 45°C.
July 7 – Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Lugou Bridge (aka Marco Polo Bridge Incident): Japanese forces invade China (often seen as the beginning of World War II in Asia).
July 8 – Japan occupies Beijing.
July 11 – George Gershwin dies in Los Angeles of a brain tumor, age 38.
July 20 – The Geibeltbad Pirna is opened in Dresden, Germany.
July 21 – Eamon de Valera is elected president of the Irish Free State.
July 22 – New Deal: The United States Senate votes down President Franklin D. Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court of the United States.
July 24 – Alabama drops rape charges against the so-called Scottsboro Boys.
July 25–July 31 – Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Beiping-Tianjin, a series of actions fought arouond Beiping and Tianjin, resulting in Japanese victory.
July 28 – The IRA attempts the assassination by bomb of King George VI in Belfast.
[edit] AugustAugust 2 – The Marihuana Tax Act Pub. 238, 75th Congress, 50 Stat. 551 (Aug. 2, 1937), is a significant bill on the path that will lead to the criminalization of cannabis. It was introduced to U.S. Congress by Commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, Harry Anslinger. (The Act is now commonly referred to using the modern spelling as the 1937 Marijuana Tax Act.)
August 5 – The Soviet Union commences one of the largest campaigns of the Great Purge, to "eliminate anti-Soviet elements". Within the following year, at least 724,000 people are killed on order of the troikas, many of them chosen for shooting by their ethnicity.
August 6 – Spanish Civil War: Falangist artillery bombards Madrid.
August 26 – Sino-Japanese War: Japanese aircraft attack the car carrying the ambassador of Great Britain during a raid on Shanghai.

Correlations with 1944: June 4 1944 - June 4 – WWII:
A hunter-killer group of the United States Navy captures the German submarine U-505, marking the first time a U.S. Navy vessel has captured an enemy vessel at sea since the 19th century.
Rome falls to the Allies, the first Axis capital to fall.

OCTOBER 18 2011

Original graph:


August 21 – Leon Trotsky dies of injuries sustained.
August 24 – Howard Florey and a team including Ernst Chain and Norman Heatley at the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, publish their laboratory results showing the in vivo bactericidal action of penicillin. They have also purified the drug.[3][4]
August 26 – WWII: Chad is the first French colony to proclaim its support for the Allies.
August 30 – Second Vienna Award: Germany and Italy compel Romania to cede half of Transylvania to Hungary.
[edit] SeptemberSeptember – The U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division (previously a National Guard Division in Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Oklahoma), is activated and ordered into federal service for 1 year, to engage in a training program in Ft. Sill and Louisiana, prior to serving in World War II.
September 2 – WWII: An agreement between America and Great Britain is announced to the effect that 50 U.S. destroyers needed for escort work will be transferred to Great Britain. In return, America gains 99-year leases on British bases in the North Atlantic, West Indies and Bermuda.
September 5 – WWII: Commerce raiding hilfskreuzer Komet enters the Pacific Ocean via the Bering Strait after crossing the Arctic Ocean from the North Sea with the help of Soviet icebreakers Lenin, Stalin, and Kaganovich.[5]
September 7 – Treaty of Craiova: Romania loses Southern Dobrudja to Bulgaria.
September 7 – WWII: The Blitz – Nazi Germany begins to rain bombs on London (the first of 57 consecutive nights of strategic bombing).
September 12 – In Lascaux, France, 17,000-year-old cave paintings are discovered by a group of young Frenchmen hiking through Southern France. The paintings depict animals and date to the Stone Age.
September 12 – The Hercules Munitions Plant in Succasunna-Kenvil, New Jersey explodes, killing 55 people.
September 16 – WWII: The Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 is signed into law by Franklin D. Roosevelt, creating the first peacetime draft in U.S. history.
September 17–18 – WWII: SS City of Benares is torpedoed by U-48 in the Atlantic with the loss of 248 of the 406 on board, including child evacuees bound for Canada. This results in cancellation of the British Children's Overseas Reception Board's plan to relocate children overseas.
September 26 – WWII: The United States imposes a total embargo on all scrap metal shipments to Japan.
September 27 – WWII: Germany, Italy and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact.
[edit] OctoberOctober 16 – The draft registration of approximately 16 million men begins in the United States.
October 18–October 19 – WWII: Thirty-two ships are sunk from Convoy SC 7 and Convoy HX 79 by the most effective Wolf pack of the war including U-boat aces Kretschmer, Prien and Schepke

Correlations with 1944: July 9 1944 - July 9 – WWII: British and Canadian forces capture Caen

posted on Jan, 18 2011 @ 11:50 AM
OCTOBER 21 2011

Standard graph:


January 12 – The German War Minister Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg marries Eva Gruhn in Berlin; Hermann Göring is best man at the wedding.
January 16 – Two landmark live recordings are produced this day: the very first of Mahler's Ninth by the Vienna Philharmonic under Bruno Walter in the face of dire circumstance; and Benny Goodman and his orchestra become the first jazz musicians to headline a concert at Carnegie Hall in New York City.
January 20 – King Farouk of Egypt marries Queen Farida Zulficar in Cairo.
January 22 – Thornton Wilder's play Our Town is performed for the first time anywhere in Princeton, New Jersey. It premieres in New York City on February 4.
January 25 – A brilliant aurora borealis described variously as "a curtain of fire" and a "huge blood-red beam of light" startles people across Europe and is visible as far south as Gibraltar.
January 27
The Niagara Bridge at Niagara Falls, New York collapses due to an ice jam.
German War Minister Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg resigns, following the revelation that his new wife had previously posed for pornographic photos.
January 28 – The first ski tow in America begins operation in Vermont.

January 27: Niagara Bridge collapses in ice.February 4
Adolf Hitler abolishes the War Ministry and creates the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (High Command of the Armed Forces), giving him direct control of the German military. In addition, Hitler sacks political and military leaders considered unsympathetic to his philosophy or policies. General Werner von Fritsch is forced to resign as Commander of Chief of the German Army following accusations of homosexuality, and replaced by General Walther von Brauchitsch. Foreign Minister Baron Konstantin von Neurath is sacked and replaced by Joachim von Ribbentrop.
Walt Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, the first cel-animated feature in motion picture history, is released in the United States.
February 6 – Black Sunday at Bondi Beach, Sydney, Australia: 300 swimmers are dragged out to sea in 3 freak waves; 80 lifesavers save all but 5.
February 10 – Carol II of Romania takes dictatorial powers.
February 12 – Chancellor Kurt von Schuschnigg of Austria meets Adolf Hitler at Berchtesgaden and, under threat of invasion, is forced to yield to German demands for greater Nazi participation in the Austrian government.
February 14 – The British naval base at Singapore begins operations.
February 20 – Sir Anthony Eden resigns as British Foreign Secretary following major disagreements with Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain over the best policy to follow in regards to Italy, and is succeeded by Lord Halifax.
February 24 – A nylon bristle toothbrush becomes the first commercial product to be made with nylon yarn.
[edit] March–AprilMarch – Italian mathematician Ettore Majorana disappears.
March 3
The Santa Ana River in California spills over its banks during a rainy winter, killing 58 people in Orange County and causing trouble as far inland as Palm Springs[1].
Oil is discovered in Saudi Arabia.
Sir Nevile Henderson, British Ambassador to Germany, presents a proposal to Hitler for an international consortium to rule much of Africa (in which Germany would be assigned a leading role) in exchange for a German promise never to resort to war to change her frontiers; Hitler rejects the British offer.
March 12 – Anschluss: German troops occupy Austria; annexation is declared the following day.

Correlations with 1944: June 7 1944 - June 7 – WWII:
The steamer Danae (Greek: Δανάη) carrying 350 Cretan Jews and 250 Cretans on the first leg of their way to Auschwitz was sunk without survivors off the shore of Santorini.
Bayeux is liberated by British troops.

OCTOBER 21 2011

Original graph:


February 29 – WWII – Battle of Los Negros and Operation Brewer: The Admiralty Islands are invaded by U.S. forces.
[edit] March
The March 1944 eruption of Mount Vesuvius.March
WWII: The Japanese launch an offensive in central and south China.
Austrian-born economist Friedrich Hayek publishes his book The Road to Serfdom (in London).
March 1 – WWII:
The USS Tarawa and USS Kearsarge are laid down.
An anti-fascist strike begins in northern Italy.
March 2 – WWII: A train stalls inside a railway tunnel outside Salerno, Italy; 521 choke to death.
March 2 – The 16th Academy Awards ceremony is held.
March 3 – WWII: The Order of Nakhimov and the Order of Ushakov are instituted in the USSR.
March 4 – In Ossining, New York, Louis Buchalter, the leader of 1930s crime syndicate Murder, Inc., is executed at Sing Sing, along with Emanuel "Mendy" Weiss, and Louis Capone.
March 6 – WWII: Soviet Army planes attack Narva, Estonia, destroying almost the entire old town.
March 9 – WWII: Soviet Army planes attack Tallinn, Estonia.
March 10 – WWII: In Britain the Education Act lifts the ban on women teachers marrying.
November 11 – WWII An Allied bombing destroys the frescoes by Andrea Mantegna and other Italian masters in the Renaissance Ovetari Chapel, Church of the Eremitani, Padua, northern Italy
March 12 – WWII: The Political Committee of National Liberation is created in Greece.
March 15
WWII: Battle of Monte Cassino: Allied aircraft bomb German-held monastery and stage an assault.
WWII: The National Council of the French Resistance approves the Resistance programme.
In Sweden, the law of 1864 that criminalizes homosexuality is abolished.
March 17 – WWII: The Nazis execute almost 400 prisoners, Soviet citizens and anti-fascist Romanians at Rîbniţa.
March 19 – WWII: German forces Operation occupy Hungary.
March 18 – The eruption of Mount Vesuvius in Italy kills 26 and causes thousands to flee their homes.
March 20 – WWII: RAF Flight Sergeant Nicholas Alkemade's bomber is hit over Germany, and he has to bail out without a parachute from a height of over 4,000 meters. Tree branches interrupt his fall and he lands safely on deep snow.
March 23 – WWII: Members of the Italian Resistance attack Nazis marching in Via Rasella, killing 33.
March 24 – WWII:
Fosse Ardeatine massacre: 335 Italians are killed, including 75 Jews and over 200 members of the Italian Resistance from various groups, in Rome.
In the Polish village of Markowa, German police kill Józef and Wiktoria Ulm, their 6 children and 8 Jews they were hiding.
[edit] AprilApril 5 – Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler escape from Auschwitz-Birkenhau.
April 25 – WWII: The United Negro College Fund is incorporated.
April 28 – WWII: 749 American troops are killed in Exercise Tiger at Start Bay, Devon, England.

Correlations with 1944: July 12 1944 - July 12 – Laurence Olivier's film Henry V, based on Shakespeare's play, opens in London. It is the most acclaimed and the most successful movie version of a Shakespeare play made up to that time, and the first in Technicolor. Olivier both stars and directs, as Kenneth Branagh was to do over forty years later in his successful remake.

OCTOBER 28 2011

Standard Graph


April 4
Faisal II becomes King of Iraq.
The Slovak-Hungarian War ends with Slovakia ceding eastern territories to Hungary.
April 7 – Italy invades Albania; King Zog flees.
April 9 – African-American singer Marian Anderson performs before 75,000 people at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., after having been denied the use both of Constitution Hall by the Daughters of the American Revolution, and of a public high school by the federally controlled District of Columbia.
April 11 – Hungary leaves the League of Nations.
April 13 – Britain offers a "guarantee" to Romania and Greece.
April 14
John Steinbeck's novel The Grapes of Wrath is first published.
At a meeting in Paris, French Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet meets with Soviet Ambassador Jakob Suritz, and suggests that a "peace front" comprising France, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, Poland and Romania would deter Germany from war.
April 18 – The Soviet Union proposes a "peace front" to resist aggression.
April 20 – Billie Holiday records "Strange Fruit", the first anti-lynching song.
April 25 – The Federal Security Agency (FSA) is founded in the USA, along with the Civilian Conservation Corps and Public Health Service.
April 27 – Ely Racecourse in Cardiff closes.
April 28 – In a speech before the Reichstag, Adolf Hitler renounces the Anglo-German Naval Agreement and the German–Polish Non-Aggression Pact.
April 30 – The 1939 New York World's Fair opens.
[edit] MayMay 1 – Batman, created by Bob Kane (and, unofficially, Bill Finger) makes his first appearance in a comic book.
May 2 – Major League Baseball's Lou Gehrig, the legendary Yankee first baseman known as "The Iron Horse", ends his 2,130 consecutive games played streak after contracting amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The record stands for 56 years before Cal Ripken, Jr. plays 2,131 consecutive games.
May 3
Vyacheslav Molotov succeeds Maxim Litvinov as Soviet Foreign Commissar.
The All India Forward Bloc is formed by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
May 6 – Carl Friedrich Goerdeler tells the British government that the German and Soviet governments are secretly beginning a rapprochement with the aim of dividing Eastern Europe between them. Goerdeler also informs the British of German economic problems which he states threaten the survival of the Nazi regime, and advises that if a firm stand is made for Poland, then Hitler will be deterred from war.
May 9 – Spain leaves the League of Nations.
May 14 – Lina Medina, a 5-year old Peruvian girl, gives birth to a baby boy, becoming the youngest confirmed mother in medical history.
May 17
King George VI and Queen Elizabeth arrive in Quebec City to begin the first-ever tour of Canada by Canada's monarch.
The British government issues the White Paper of 1939, sharply restricting Jewish immigration to the Palestine Mandate.
Sweden, Norway, and Finland refuse Germany's offer of non-aggression pacts.
May 20 – Pan-American Airways begins trans-Atlantic mail service with the inaugural flight of its Yankee Clipper from Port Washington, New York.
May 22 – Germany and Italy sign the Pact of Steel.
May 29
Northamptonshire gains (over Leicestershire at Northampton) their first victory for 99 matches, easily a record in the County Championship. Their last Championship victory was as far back as 14 May 1935 over Somerset at Taunton.
Albanian fascist leader Tefik Mborja is appointed as member of the Italian Chamber of Fasces and Corporations.
[edit] June
June 24: Siam is renamed "Thailand".June 3 – The Soviet government offers its definition of what constitutes "aggression", upon which the projected Anglo-Soviet-French alliance will come into effect. The French Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet accepts the Soviet definition of aggression at once. The British reject the Soviet definition, especially the concept of "indirect aggression", which they feel is too loose a definition and phrased in such a manner as to imply the Soviet right of inference in the internal affairs of nations of Eastern Europe.

Correlations with 1944: June 14 1944

OCTOBER 28 2011

Original graph:


May 23 – President of Germany Karl Dönitz and Chancellor of Germany Count Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk are arrested by British forces at Flensburg. They are respectively the last German Head of state and Head of government until 1949.
May 23 – Heinrich Himmler, former head of the Nazi SS, commits suicide in British custody.
May 28 – William Joyce ("Lord Haw-Haw") is captured. He is later charged with high treason in London for his English-language wartime broadcasts on German radio, convicted, and then hanged in January 1946.
May 29
German communists, led by Walther Ulbricht, arrive in Berlin.
Dutch painter Han van Meegeren is arrested for collaboration with the Nazis, but the paintings he had sold to Hermann Göring (Koch) are later found to be his fakes.
May 30 – The Iranian government demands that all Soviet and British troops leave the country.
[edit] JuneJune 1 – The British take over Lebanon and Syria.
June 5 – The Allied Control Council, military occupation governing body of Germany, formally takes power.
June 6 – King Haakon VII of Norway returns to Norway.
June 11
William Lyon Mackenzie King is re-elected as Canadian prime minister.
The Franck Committee recommends against a surprise nuclear bombing of Japan. [3]
June 12 – The Yugoslav Army leaves Trieste, leaving the New Zealand Army in control.
June 21 – WWII: The Battle of Okinawa ends.
June 24 – WWII: A victory parade is held in Red Square in Moscow.
June 25 – Seán T. O'Kelly is elected the second President of Ireland.
June 26 – The United Nations Charter is signed.
June 29 – Czechoslovakia cedes Carpathian Ruthenia to the Soviet Union.
[edit] July
July 16: Trinity Test at night in New Mexico.July 1 – WWII: Germany is divided between the Allied occupation forces.
July 5 – WWII: The Philippines are declared liberated.
July 8 – WWII: Harry S. Truman is informed that Japan will talk peace if it can retain the reign of the Emperor.[4]
July 9 – A forest fire breaks out in the Tillamook Burn (the third in that area since 1933).
July 15 – The Scott Morrison Award of Minor Hockey Excellence was first given out to recipient Gordie Howe
July 16 – The Trinity Test, the first of an atomic bomb, using about six kilograms of plutonium, succeeds in unleashing an explosion equivalent to that of 19 kilotons of TNT.
July 16 – WWII: A train collision near Munich, Germany kills 102 war prisoners.
July 17–August 2 – WWII – Potsdam Conference: At Potsdam, the three main Allied leaders hold their final summit of the war.
July 21 – WWII: President Harry S. Truman approves the order for atomic bombs to be used against Japan.[4]

Correlations with 1944: July 19 1944


Standard graph:


NovemberNovember 5 – U.S. presidential election, 1940: Democrat incumbent Franklin D. Roosevelt defeats Republican challenger Wendell Willkie and becomes the United States' first and only third-term president.
November 6 – Agatha Christie's mystery novel And Then There Were None is published in book form in the US.
November 7 – In Tacoma, Washington, the 600-foot (180 m)-long center span of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge (known as Galloping Gertie) collapses.
November 9 – Joaquin Rodrigo's Concierto de Aranjuez premieres in Barcelona, Spain.
November 10 – An earthquake in Bucharest, Romania kills 1,000.
November 11 – WWII: The Royal Navy launches the first aircraft carrier strike in history, on the Italian battleship fleet anchored at Taranto naval base.
November 11 – WWII: The German Hilfskreuzer (commerce raider) Atlantis captures top secret British mail, and sends it to Japan.
November 11 – Armistice Day Blizzard: An unexpected blizzard kills 144 in U.S. Midwest.
November 13 – Walt Disney's Fantasia is released. It is the first box office failure for Disney, though it eventually recoups its cost years later, and becomes one of the most highly regarded of Disney's films.
November 14 – WWII: The city of Coventry, England is destroyed by 500 German Luftwaffe bombers (150,000 fire bombs, 503 tons of high explosives, and 130 parachute mines level 60,000 of the city's 75,000 buildings; 568 people are killed).
November 16 – WWII: In response to Germany levelling Coventry 2 days before, the Royal Air Force begins to bomb Hamburg (by war's end, 50,000 Hamburg residents will have died from Allied attacks).
November 16 – An unexploded pipe bomb is found in the Consolidated Edison office building (only years later is the culprit, George Metesky, apprehended).
November 16 – The Jamaica Association of Local Government Officers is founded.
November 18 – WWII: German leader Adolf Hitler and Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano meet to discuss Benito Mussolini's disastrous invasion of Greece.
November 20 – WWII: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers.
November 27 – In Romania, coup leader General Ion Antonescu's Iron Guard arrests and executes over 60 of exiled king Carol II of Romania's aides. Among the dead is former minister and acclaimed historian Nicolae Iorga.
November 27 – WWII: The Royal Navy and Regia Marina fight the Battle of Cape Spartivento.
[edit] DecemberDecember – Timely Comics' Captain America Comics #1 (cover dated March 1941), first appearance of Captain America and Bucky, hits newsstands.
December 1 – Manuel Ávila Camacho takes office as President of Mexico.
December 8 – The Chicago Bears, in what will become the most one-sided victory in National Football League history, defeat the Washington Redskins 73–0 in the 1940 NFL Championship Game.
December 9 – WWII: Operation Compass – British forces in North Africa begin their first major offensive with an attack on Italian forces at Sidi Barrani, Egypt.
December 12 & December 15 – WWII: "Sheffield Blitz" – The City of Sheffield is badly damaged by German air-raids.
December 14 – Plutonium is first isolated chemically in the laboratory.
December 16 – WWII: Operation Abigail Rachel – RAF bombing of Mannheim.
December 17 – President Roosevelt, at his regular press conference, first sets forth the outline of his plan to send aid to Great Britain that will become known as Lend-Lease.
December 23 – WWII: Winston Churchill, in a broadcast address to the people of Italy, blames Benito Mussolini for leading his nation to war against the British, contrary to Italy's historic friendship with them: "One man has arrayed the trustees and inheritors of ancient Rome upon the side of the ferocious pagan barbarians."
December 24 – Mahatma Gandhi, Indian spiritual non-violence leader writes his second letter to Adolf Hitler addressing him "My friend", requesting him to stop the war Germany had begun.
December 29 – Franklin D. Roosevelt, in a fireside chat to the nation, declares that the United States must become "the great arsenal of democracy."
December 29 – WWII: "Second Great Fire of London" – Luftwaffe carries out a massive incendiary bombing raid, starting 1,500 fires. Many famous buildings, including the Guildhall and Trinity House, are either damaged or destroyed.
December 30 – California's first modern freeway, the future State Route 110, opens to traffic in Pasadena, California, as the Arroyo Seco Parkway (now the Pasadena Freeway).

Correlations with 1944: June 23 1944 - June 22 – WWII:
Operation Bagration: A general attack by Soviet forces clears the German forces from Belarus, resulting in the destruction of German Army Group Centre, possibly the greatest defeat of the Wehrmacht during WWII.
Burma Campaign: The Battle of Kohima ends in a British victory.


Original graph:

1946- 1947

December 19 – Martial law is declared in Vietnam.
December 20
Frank Capra's It's a Wonderful Life, featuring James Stewart, Donna Reed, Lionel Barrymore, Henry Travers, and Thomas Mitchell, is released in New York.
At least 1,362 people are killed in an earthquake and associated tsunami in Japan.
December 22 – The Havana Conference begins between U.S. organized crime bosses in Havana, Cuba.
December 24 – France's Fourth Republic is founded.
December 26
The Flamingo Hotel opens on the Las Vegas Strip.
David Lean's Great Expectations, based on the Charles Dickens novel, and featuring John Mills, Valerie Hobson, Martita Hunt, Alec Guinness, Francis L. Sullivan, Jean Simmons, and Finlay Currie, is released to great acclaim in the UK.
December 31 – President Harry Truman delivers Proclamation 2714, which officially ends hostilities in World War II.

January and February 1947 are remembered for the worst snowfalls in the UK in the 20th century, with extensive disruption of travel.[1] Given the low car ownership this is mainly remembered in terms of the effects on the railway networks.[2][3]

[edit] JanuaryJanuary 1
British coal mines are nationalized.
Nigeria gains limited autonomy.
The Canadian Citizenship Act comes into effect.
January 3 – Proceedings of the U.S. Congress are televised for the first time.
January 10 – The United Nations takes control of the free city of Trieste.
January 15 – Elizabeth Short, an aspiring actress nicknamed the "Black Dahlia", is found brutally murdered in a vacant lot in Los Angeles. The case remains unsolved to this day.
January 16 – Vincent Auriol is inaugurated as president of France.
January 19 – A shipwreck near Athens, Greece kills 392.
January 24 – Dimitrios Maximos founds a monarchist government in Athens.
January 25 – A Philippine plane crashes in Hong Kong, with $5 million worth of gold and money.
January 30–February 8 – A heavy blizzard in Canada buries towns from Winnipeg, Manitoba, to Calgary, Alberta.
January 31 – The Communists take power in Poland.
[edit] FebruaryFebruary 3
The lowest air temperature in North America (-63 degrees Celsius) is recorded in Snag, Yukon Territory.
Percival Prattis becomes the first African-American news correspondent allowed in the United States House of Representatives and Senate press galleries.
February 5 – Bolesław Bierut becomes the President of Poland.
February 6 – South Pacific Commission (SPC) founded.
February 8 – A dance hall fire in Berlin, Germany, kills over 80 people.
February 10 – In Paris, France, peace treaties are signed between the World War II Allies and Italy, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and Finland. Italy cedes most of Istria to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
February 12
A meteor creates an impact crater in Sikhote-Alin, in the Soviet Union.
Christian Dior introduces The "New Look" in women's fashion, in Paris.
February 17 – Cold War: The Voice of America begins to transmit radio broadcasts into Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union.
February 20
An explosion at the O'Connor Electro-Plating Company in Los Angeles, California, leaves 17 dead, 100 buildings damaged, and a 22-foot-deep (6.7 m) crater in the ground.
U.S. Army Ordnance Corps Hermes project V-2 rocket Blossom I launched into space carrying plant material and fruitflies, the first animals to enter space.

Correlations with 1944: July 28 1944

posted on Jan, 21 2011 @ 01:38 PM
JANUARY 20 2011

Standard graph:


Chicago is selected to host the Columbian Exposition, February 24

- Link: Chinese President special visit to Chicago.

posted on Jan, 26 2011 @ 09:43 AM
JANUARY 26 2011


January 31 – The Portuguese republican revolution breaks out in the northern city of Porto.

2011. EGYPT

February 21 – Springhill, Nova Scotia suffers a serious mining disaster.

2011: COLOMBIA, today

posted on Feb, 10 2011 @ 01:21 PM
FEBRUARY 11 2011

November – In the United Kingdom, the Local Government Act 1894 is read for the second time in the House of Commons.
November 7 – Colorado women are granted the right to vote.
November 15 – The FC Basel Club is founded.
December 5 – Plural voting is abolished in New South Wales.
December 16 – Antonín Dvořák's Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" receives its premiere at Carnegie Hall, New York City.
December – Carl Anton Larsen becomes the first man to ski in Antarctica.
December – Arthur Conan Doyle surprises the reading public by revealing in the story 'The Adventure of the Final Problem', published in this month's Strand Magazine, that his character Sherlock Holmes had apparently died at the Reichenbach Falls on May 4, 1891.

January 4 – A military alliance is established between the French Third Republic and the Russian Empire.
January 7 – William Kennedy Dickson receives a patent for motion picture film.
January 9 – New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.

posted on Feb, 10 2011 @ 01:32 PM

Originally posted by xweaponx

Originally posted by Zagari
reply to post by ararisq

Can you tell me the dates? Anyway if its 1944 it resonates with next year...

No offense Zagari, but get outside and do something. Your wasting your time with this 2012 stuff. If you have a family go spend time with them. Humans only live 100 years if your in tip top health, but your wasting and anyone is wasting time in believing in this end of the world stuff and timewave zero stuff.

this 2012 business really bugs you it seems. Might I suggest disconnecting from the internet so you don't hear anything bout 2012 anymore? Then you will have your peace and quiet. This has been said many times before, this is a Conspiracy Website. Mudslinging adds nothing. disable that LAN of yours

posted on Feb, 19 2011 @ 05:06 AM
FEBRUARY 12 2011


February 12 – French anarchist Émile Henry set off a bomb in a Parisian cafe, killing one person and wounding twenty.
February 15 – At 04:51 GMT, French anarchist Martial Bourdin attempts to destroy the Royal Greenwich Observatory, London, England with a bomb.
March 1 – Thomas McGreevy, Canadian politician and contractor, is released from prison after serving time for defrauding the government.
March 4 – First Sino-Japanese War: A great fire in Shanghai destroys over 1,000 buildings.
March 12 – For the first time, Coca-Cola is sold in bottles.


October 30 – The Merrie Melodies animated short Falling Hare, one of the only shorts with Bugs getting out-smarted, is released in the United States.

FEBRUARY 13 2011


March 21 – A syzygy of planets occurs as Mercury transits the Sun as seen from Venus, and Mercury and Venus both transit the Sun as seen from Saturn. But no two of the transits are simultaneous.
March 25 – Coxey's Army, the first significant American protest march, departs from Massillon, Ohio for Washington D.C.
[edit] April–June

May 14: Blackpool Tower.April 16 – Manchester City Football Club is formed.
April 21 – A bituminous coal miners' strike closes mines across the United States.
May – The bubonic plague breaks out in the Tai Ping Shan area of Hong Kong (by the end of the year, the death toll is 2,552 people).
May 1
Coxey's Army arrives in Washington, D.C.
The May Day Riots of 1894 break out in Cleveland, Ohio.
May 11 – Pullman Strike: Three thousand Pullman Palace Car Company workers go on a "wildcat" (without union approval) strike in Illinois.
May 14
A meteor shower is seen in Southern France.
Blackpool Tower is opened in Blackpool, Lancashire, England.
May 21 – The Manchester Ship Canal and Docks are opened by Queen Victoria.

FEBRUARY 14 2011

June 22 – Dahomey becomes a French colony.
June 23 – The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne, Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.
June 24 – Sadi Carnot, president of France, is assassinated.
June 30 – The Tower Bridge in London opens for traffic.
[edit] July–September

July: Fire damages Columbian Exposition.July – A fire at the site of the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago destroys most of the remaining buildings.
July 4
The short-lived Republic of Hawaii is proclaimed by Sanford B. Dole.
FC La Chaux-de-Fonds founded.


November 1 – WWII – Operation Goodtime: United States Marines land on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.

FEBRUARY 15 2011


August 1 – War is declared between the Qing Empire of China and the Empire of Japan, over their rival claims of influence on their common ally, the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. The event marks the start of the first Sino-Japanese War.
August 15 – Sante Geronimo Caserio is executed for the assassination of Marie François Sadi Carnot.
September 1 – Great Hinckley Fire: A forest fire in Hinckley, Minnesota kills more than 450 people.
September 4 – In New York City, 12,000 tailors strike against sweatshop working conditions.


November 2 – WWII: In the early morning hours, American and Japanese ships fight the inconclusive Battle of Empress Augusta Bay off Bougainville.
November 2 – WWII: British troops in Italy reach the Garigliano River.

FEBRUARY 16 2011


October 1 – The Owl Club of Cape Town, South Africa has its first formal meeting.
October 15 – Dreyfus affair: French Army officer Alfred Dreyfus is arrested for spying.
October 30 – Domenico Menegatti obtains a patent for a procedure to be applied in producing pandoro industrially.
November 1 – Russian Tsar Alexander III is succeeded by his son Nicholas II.
November 6 – Major Republican landslide in the United States House of Representatives elections, 1894, which set the stage for the decisive Election of 1896.
November 7 – The Masonic Grand Lodge de France is founded, splitting from the larger and older Grand Orient de France.
November 5 – West Palm Beach, Florida is incorporated as a city.

FEBRUARY 17 2011

1894 - 1895

December 18 – Women in South Australia become the first in Australia to gain the right to vote and to be elected to Parliament.
December 21 – Mackenzie Bowell becomes Canada's fifth prime minister.
December 22 – Dreyfus Affair: French Army officer Alfred Dreyfus is convicted of treason.

January 5 – Dreyfus Affair: French officer Alfred Dreyfus is stripped of his army rank and sentenced to life imprisonment on Devil's Island.[1]
January 17 – Félix Faure was elected President of French Republic after the resignation of Jean Casimir-Perier.
January 21 – The National Trust is founded in Britain by Octavia Hill, Robert Hunter and Canon Hardwicke Rawnsley.

FEBRUARY 18 2011


February 9 – Mintonette, later known as volleyball, is created by William G. Morgan at Holyoke, Massachusetts.
February 11 – The lowest ever UK temperature of −27.2 °C (−17.0 °F) is recorded at Braemar in Aberdeenshire. This record is equalled in 1982 and again in 1995.
February 14 – Oscar Wilde's last play The Importance of Being Earnest is first shown at St. James' Theatre in London.
March 1 – William L. Wilson is appointed United States Postmaster General.
March 3 – In Munich, bicyclists have to pass a test and display license plates.
March 4 – Japanese troops capture Liaoyang and land in Taiwan.
March 15 – in County Tipperary, Ireland, Bridget Cleary is killed by her husband, believing her to be a fairy changeling.
March 30 – Rudolf Diesel patents the Diesel engine in Germany.
April–JuneApril 6 – Oscar Wilde is arrested after losing a libel case against the Marquess of Queensberry.

FEBRUARY 19 2011


April 14 – A major earthquake severely damages Ljubljana, Slovenia.
April 16 – The town of Sturgeon Falls, Ontario, is incorporated.
April 17 – The Treaty of Shimonoseki is signed between China and Japan. This marks the end of the first Sino-Japanese War, and the defeated Qing Empire is forced to renounce its claims on Korea and to concede the southern portion of Fengtien province, Taiwan, and the Pescadores Islands to Japan.[2]
April 22 – Gongche Shangshu movement: 603 candidates sign a 10,000-word petition against the Treaty of Shimonoseki.
May 1 – Dundela Football, Sports & Association Club were formed
May 2 – Gongche Shangshu movement: Thousands of Beijing scholars and citizens protest against the Treaty of Shimonoseki.
May 24 – Anti-Japanese officials led by Tang Ching-sung in Taiwan declare independence from the Qing Dynasty, forming the short-lived Republic of Formosa.
May 25 – Oscar Wilde is convicted of "sodomy and gross indecency" and is sentenced to serve 2 years in prison at Reading.
May 27 – In re Debs: The Supreme Court of the United States decides that the federal government has the right to regulate interstate commerce, legalizing the military suppression of the Pullman Strike.

FEBRUARY 20 2011


June 28 – The union of Nicaragua, Honduras and El Salvador begins (ends in 1898).
July 31: Sabino Arana founded the Basque Nationalist Party.
October 1895 issue: The Cosmopolitan, illustrated.
October 22: Montparnasse.Night of July 10–July 11 – The Doukhobors' pacifist protests culminate in the "Burning of the Arms" in their villages in the South Caucasus.
July 15 – Archie MacLaren scores County Championship cricket record innings of 424 for Lancashire against Somerset at Taunton.
July 31 – The Basque Nationalist Party (Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea-Partido Nacionalista Vasco) was founded by Basque nationalist leader Sabino Arana.

FEBRUARY 21 2011


August 19 – American frontier murderer and outlaw John Wesley Hardin is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas.
August 29 – The Northern Rugby Football Union (now Rugby Football League) is formed at a meeting in the George Hotel, Huddersfield, England. This event leads to the creation of the sport of rugby league football.
September 3 – The first professional American football game is played, in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, between the Latrobe YMCA and the Jeannette Athletic Club (Latrobe wins 12–0).
September 7 – The first game of what would become known as rugby league football is played, in England, starting the 1895-96 Northern Rugby Football Union season.
September 18 – Booker T. Washington delivers the Atlanta Compromise speech.[3]
September 18 – Tomoji Tanabe is born in Miyakonojo, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. He would become the last living man born in 1895. Tanabe died on June 19, 2009, at the age of 113.
October–DecemberOctober – Rudyard Kipling publishes the story Mowgli Leaves the Jungle Forever in The Cosmopolitan illustrated magazine (price 10 cents).
October 1 – French troops capture Antananarivo in Madagascar.
October 8 – Empress Myeongseong, the national mother of Korea, is killed by Japan.

FEBRUARY 22 2011


October 22 – A train wreck occurs at Montparnasse Station in Paris.
October 23 – The city of Tainan, last stronghold of the Republic of Formosa, capitulates to the forces of the Empire of Japan, ending the short-lived republic and beginning the Japanese rule era.
October 31 – A major earthquake occurs in the New Madrid Seismic Zone, the last to date.
November 5 – George B. Selden is granted the first U.S. patent for an automobile.
November 8 – Wilhelm Röntgen discovers a type of radiation later known as X-rays.
November 25 – Oscar Hammerstein opens the Olympia Theatre, the first theatre to be built in NYC's Times Square district.
November 27 – At the Swedish-Norwegian Club in Paris, Alfred Nobel signs his last will and testament, setting aside his estate to establish the Nobel Prize after his death.
December – 3,000 Armenians are burned alive in Urfa by the Ottoman troops.
December 7 – A corps of 2,350 Italian troops, mostly Ascari, are crushed by 30,000 Abyssian troops at Amba Alag

FEBRUARY 23 2011


December 24 – George Washington Vanderbilt II officially opens his "Biltmore House" estate on Christmas Eve, inviting his family to celebrate his new home in Asheville, NC.
December 24 – Kingstown Lifeboat Disaster- 15 lifeboat crew are lost when their lifeboat capsizes while trying to rescue the crew of the SS Palme off Kingstown, now Dún Laoighaire, near Dublin, Ireland.
December 28 – Auguste and Louis Lumière display their first moving picture film in Paris.

January 4 – Utah is admitted as the 45th U.S. state.
January 5 – An Austrian newspaper reports that Wilhelm Röntgen has discovered a type of radiation later known as X-rays.
January 7 – Fannie Farmer published her first cookbook.
January 12 – H.L. Smith takes the first X-ray photograph.
January 18 – The X-ray machine is exhibited for the first time.
January 28 – Walter Arnold, of East Peckham, Kent, England, is fined 1 shilling for speeding at 8 mph, thus exceeding the contemporary speed limit of 2 mph. The first speeding fine.
February 1 – The opera La bohème premieres in Turin, Italy.
February 11 – Oscar Wilde's play Salomé premieres in Paris.

FEBRUARY 24 2011


March 1 – Battle of Adwa: Ethiopia defends its independence from Italy.
March 9 – Responding to national outrage at the defeat at Adowa, Italian Prime Minister Francesco Crispi resigns.
March 23 – The New York State Legislature passes the Raines Law, restricting Sunday alcoholic beverage sales to hotels.
[edit] April–June
April 3 – The first edition of the Italian sports newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport is published.
April 6 – The opening ceremonies of the 1896 Summer Olympics, the first modern Olympic Games, are held.
April 9 – The National Farm School (later Delaware Valley College) is chartered in Doylestown, PA.

FEBRUARY 25 2011


May 8 – Cricket: Against Warwickshire, Yorkshire sets a still-standing County Championship record when they accumulate an innings total of 887.
May 18 – Plessy v. Ferguson: The U.S. Supreme Court introduces the "separate but equal" doctrine and upholds segregation.
May 26 – Charles Dow publishes the first edition of the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
May 27 – The costliest and third deadliest tornado in U.S. history levels a mile wide swath of downtown St. Louis, Missouri, incurring $2.9 billion (1997 USD) in normalized damages, killing more than 255 and injuring over 1,000 people.
June 4 – The Ford Quadricycle, the first Ford vehicle ever developed, is completed, eventually leading Henry Ford to build the empire that "put America on wheels".
June 12 – J.T. Hearne sets a record for the earliest date of taking 100 wickets. It is equalled by Charlie Parker in 1931.
June 15 – An earthquake and tsunami in Sanriku, Japan, kills 27,000.

A picture of the restored Panathenaic Stadium, the site of the 1896 Summer OlympicsJune 28 – An explosion in the Newton Coal Company's Twin Shaft Mine in Pittston City, Pennsylvania results in a massive cave-in that killed 58 miners.[1][2][3]

FEBRUARY 26 2011


July 9 – William Jennings Bryan delivers his Cross of gold speech at the Democratic National Convention, which nominates him for President of the United States.
July 11 – Wilfrid Laurier becomes Canada's seventh prime minister and the first French-speaker to hold that office.
July 21 – In Washington, D.C. in response to a "call to confer" issued by Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin to all women of color, the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs is organized.
July 26 – International Socialist Workers and Trade Union Congress opens in London.
July 27 – A causeway is opened between the islands of Saaremaa and Muhu in Estonia.
July 30 – Shortly after 6:30 pm, at a crossing just west of Atlantic City, New Jersey, two trains collide, crushing five loaded passenger coaches, killing fifty and seriously injuring approximately sixty, in the 1896 Atlantic City rail crash.
August – An extraordinary heat wave affects the northeastern United States.
August 16 – Skookum Jim Mason, George Carmack and Dawson Charlie discover gold in the Klondike.
August 17 – Bridget Driscoll is run over by a Benz car in the grounds of The Crystal Palace, London, the world's first first motoring fatality.
August 27 – The shortest war in recorded history, the Anglo-Zanzibar War, starts at 9 in the morning and lasts for 45 minutes of shelling

FEBRUARY 27 2011


September 15 – The Crash at Crush train wreck stunt is held in Texas.
September 17 – New York Military Academy was founded by Charles Jefferson Wright, a Civil War veteran and former school teacher from New Hampshire. The first year the school had 75 boarding students.
September 22 – Queen Victoria surpasses her grandfather King George III as the longest reigning monarch in British history.
[edit] October–December
October 5 – After a long siege, Brazilian government troops take Canudos in north Brazil, crushing Antonio Conselheiro and his followers.
October 30 – Augusta, KY: The Augusta High School corner stone is laid, marking the end of the Augusta Methodist College.


November 14 – Leonard Bernstein, substituting at the last minute for ailing principal conductor Bruno Walter, directs the New York Philharmonic in its regular Sunday afternoon broadcast concert over CBS Radio. The event receives front page coverage in the New York Times the following day.

FEBRUARY 28 2011

1896- 1897

November 3 – U.S. presidential election, 1896: Republican William McKinley defeats William Jennings Bryan.
November 30 – A large carcass, later postulated to be the remains of a gigantic octopus, is found washed ashore near St. Augustine, Florida.
December 10 – The premiere of Alfred Jarry's absurdist play Ubu Roi in Paris causes a near-riot.
December 14 – The Glasgow Subway, the third-oldest underground metro system in the world, opens.
December 25 – John Philip Sousa composes his magnum opus, the Stars and Stripes Forever, on Christmas Day.
December 30 – Jose Rizal, Filipino scholar and poet, is executed in the Philippines.

January 2 – The International Alpha Omicron Pi Sorority is founded.
January 4 – A British force is ambushed by Chief Ologbosere, son-in-law of the Oba of Benin. This leads to a punitive expedition against Benin.


November 15 – Porajmos: German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies and "part-Gypsies" be put "on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps."

MARCH 1 2011 ( My 21st birthday! )


January 23 – Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.
February 10 – Freedom of religion is proclaimed in Madagascar.
February 18 – Benin is put to the torch by the Punitive Expedition.
February 26 – The Sigma Pi Fraternity is founded.
March 4 – William McKinley succeeds Grover Cleveland as President of the United States.


November 16 – WWII: After flying from Britain, 160 American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.
November 16 – WWII: A Japanese submarine sinks the surfaced U.S. submarine USS Corvina near Truk.

posted on Feb, 19 2011 @ 06:01 AM
MARCH 2 2011


March 13 – San Diego State University is founded.
May 1, Tennessee Centennial Exposition in Nashville.April 3 – Vienna Secession movement founded.
April 5 – The Ordinance of April 5, equalizing German and Czech in Bohemia, is signed in Austria-Hungary (see Count Kasimir Felix Badeni).
April 24 – The first ever Challenge Cup final is played at Headingley.
April 27 – Grant's Tomb is dedicated in New York.
May 1 – The Tennessee Centennial Exposition opens in Nashville, for 6 months, illuminated by many electric lights.
May 10 – The Snaefell Mining Disaster occurs in the Isle of Man

MARCH 3 2011


May 16 – The Teatro Massimo is built in Palermo, the largest opera theatre in Italy, the 3rd largest in Europe.
May 18 – Dracula, a novel by Irish author Bram Stoker, is published.
May 19 – Oscar Wilde is released from prison.

May 18, Dracula by Bram Stoker.June 1 – American miners begin a strike, which successfully establishes the United Mine Workers Union and brings about the 8-hour work day to mines.
June 2 – Mark Twain, responding to rumors that he is dead, is quoted by the New York Journal as saying, "The report of my death was an exaggeration."
June 16 – Fort Erie Racetrack in Fort Erie, Ontario, opens. The first race is won by Ellesmere, guided home by Sullivan.
June 12 – The world's first Fingerprint Bureau opens in Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, after the Council of the Governor General approves a committee report that fingerprints should be used for classification of criminal records.
June 22 – Queen Victoria celebrates her Diamond Jubilee.
June 22 – British colonial officers Rand and Ayerst in Pune, Maharashtra, India are assassinated on their way back from a Government house party celebrating the diamond jubilee coronation anniversary of Queen Victoria, by the Chapekar brothers and Ranade, who are later caught and hanged. Considered the first martyrs to the cause of India's freedom from Britain. The film 22 June 1897 is based on the incident.
July–SeptemberJuly 11 – S. A. Andrée's Arctic balloon expedition of 1897 begins. The ill-fated expedition to fly over the Arctic results in the death of the entire team within months.


November 18 – WWII: The Royal Air Force opens its bombing campaign against Berlin, with 440 planes causing only light damage and killing 131. The RAF loses 9 aircraft and 53 aviators.

MARCH 4 2011


July 17 – The Klondike Gold Rush begins when the first successful prospectors arrive in Seattle.
July 25 – Writer Jack London sails to join the Klondike Gold Rush where he will write his first successful stories.
July 31 – Mount Saint Elias, the second highest peak in the United States and Canada, is first ascended.
August 21 – The Oldsmobile is founded in Lansing, MI by Ransom E. Olds.
August 29 – The First Zionist Congress convenes in Basel, Switzerland.

October 6, Ethiopian flag.September 1 – The Boston subway opens, becoming the first underground metro in North America.
September 10 – Lattimer Massacre: A sheriff's posse kills more than 19 unarmed immigrant miners in Pennsylvania.
September 11 – After months of searching, generals of Menelik II of Ethiopia capture Gaki Sherocho, the last king of Kaffa, bringing an end to that ancient kingdom.
September 12 – The Battle of Saragarhi: Twenty-one Sikhs of the 36th Sikh of the Sikh Regiment of British India, defend an army post against 10,000 Afghan and Orakzai tribesmen. The battle occurs in the North-West Frontier Province Afghanistan, now a part of Pakistan, which then formed part of British India.

MARCH 5 2011


September 20 – Greece and Turkey sign a peace treaty to end the Greco-Turkish War.

October, USS Baltimore (C-3) in Hawaii.October–DecemberOctober 2 – The first issue of the radical paper Tocsin is published.
October 6 – Ethiopia uses the tricolor flag: green is for the land, yellow for gold, and red is symbolic of strength and the blood shed.
October 12 – The USS Baltimore (Cruiser # 3, later CM-1) is recommissioned, since 1890, for several months of duty in the Hawaiian Islands.
October 12 – The City of Belo Horizonte, Brazil is created. The construction of the first Brazilian Planned City is completed successfully, an immigration of 1,000,000 people is estimated.
October 13 – The HMS Canopus (1898), a pre-Dreadnought battleship of the Royal Navy, is launched at Portsmouth, England (will be deployed widely in World War I).
October 23 – The Kappa Delta Sorority is founded.


November 20 – WWII: Battle of Tarawa: United States Marines land on Tarawa and Makin atolls in the Gilbert Islands and take heavy fire from Japanese shore guns.

MARCH 6 2011

1897- 1898

November 25 – Spain grants Puerto Rico autonomy.
December 9 – The first issue of the feminist newspaper La Fronde is published by Marguerite Durand.
December 28 – The play Cyrano de Bergerac, by Edmond Rostand, premieres in Paris.
December 30 – Natal annexes Zululand.

January 1 – New York City annexes land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York. The city is geographically divided into five boroughs: Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, The Bronx, and Staten Island.
January 13 – Emile Zola publishes J'Accuse a letter accusing the French government of anti-Semitism and wrongfully placing Alfred Dreyfus in jail.

MARCH 7 2011


February 12 – The electric car belonging to Henry Lindfield of Brighton runs away on a hill in Purley, London, England, and hits a tree; thus he becomes the world's first fatality from an automobile accident on the public highway.[1][2][3]
February 15 – Spanish-American War: The USS Maine explodes and sinks in Havana harbor, Cuba, for then unknown reasons, killing 266 men. This event helps lead the United States to declare war on Spain.

February 15: USS Maine is sunk.March 24 – Robert Allison of Port Carbon, Pennsylvania, becomes the first person to buy an American-built automobile when he buys a Winton automobile that had been advertised in Scientific American.
March 26 – The Sabi Game Reserve in South Africa, the first officially designated game reserve, is created.


November 20 – WWII: Battle of Tarawa: United States Marines land on Tarawa and Makin atolls in the Gilbert Islands and take heavy fire from Japanese shore guns

MARCH 8 2011


April 5 – Annie Oakley promotes the service of women in combat situations with the United States military. On this day, she writes a letter to President McKinley "offering the government the services of a company of 50 'lady sharpshooters' who would provide their own arms and ammunition should war break out with Spain."[4] In the history of women in the military, there are records of female U.S. Revolutionary and Civil War soldiers who enlisted using male pseudonyms, but Oakley's letter represents possibly the earliest political move towards women's rights for combat service in the United States military.
April 22 – Spanish-American War: The United States Navy begins a blockade of Cuban ports and the USS Nashville captures a Spanish merchant ship.
April 25 – Spanish-American War: The United States declares war on Spain; the U.S. Congress announces that a state of war has existed since April 21 (later backdating this one more day to April 20).
May 1 – Spanish-American War – Battle of Manila Bay: Commodore Dewey destroys the Spanish squadron. The first battle of the war, as well as the first battle in the Philippines Campaign.
May 2 – Thousands of Chinese scholars and Beijing citizens protest in front of the Capital Control Yuan, asking for reform.
May 7–May 9 – Bava-Beccaris massacre: Hundreds of demonstrators are killed when General Fiorenzo Bava-Beccaris orders troops to fire on a rally in Milan, Italy (in 1900, King Umberto I of Italy is killed in an act of vengeance for his praise of the shooting).
May 8 – The first games of the Italian Football League are played.
May 12 – Bombardment of San Juan, the first major battle of the Puerto Rico Campaign during the Spanish-American War.
May 28 – Secondo Pia takes the first photographs of the Shroud of Turin and discovers that the image on Shroud itself appears to be a photographic negative.

MARCH 9 2011


June 1 – The Trans-Mississippi Exposition World's Fair opens in Omaha, Nebraska.
June 12 – Philippine Declaration of Independence: General Emilio Aguinaldo declares the Philippines' independence from Spain.
June 13 – Yukon Territory is formed, with Dawson chosen as its capital.
June 21 – Spanish–American War: The United States captures Guam making it the first U.S. overseas territory.
July–SeptemberJuly 3 – Joshua Slocum completes a 3-year solo circumnavigation of the world.
July 7 – The United States annexes the Hawaiian Islands.
July 17 – Spanish-American War – Battle of Santiago Bay: Troops under United States General William R. Shafter take the city of Santiago de Cuba from the Spanish.
July 25 – Spanish-American War: The United States invasion of Puerto Rico begins with a landing at Guánica Bay.


November 22
WWII: War in the Pacific: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and ROC leader Chiang Kai-Shek meet at the Cairo Conference to discuss ways to defeat Japan.
Lebanon gains independence from France.

MARCH 10 2011


August 12 – Spanish-American War: Hostilities end between American and Spanish forces in Cuba.
August 20 – Opening of the Gornergratbahn railway, connecting Zermatt to the Gornergrat.
August 25 – 700 Greeks and 15 Englishmen are slaughtered by the Turks in Heraklion, Greece, leading to the establishment of the autonomous Cretan State.
August 28 – Caleb Bradham names his soft drink Pepsi-Cola.
September 2 – Battle of Omdurman: British and Egyptian troops led by Horatio Kitchener defeat Sudanese tribesmen led by Khalifa Abdullah al-Taashi, thus establishing British dominance in the Sudan.
September 10 – Luigi Lucheni assassinates Empress Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary.
September 18 – Fashoda incident: A diplomatic dispute between France and the United Kingdom ends in victory for the British.
September 21 – Empress Dowager Cixi of China engineers a coup d'etat, marking the end of the Hundred Days' Reform; the Guangxu Emperor is arrested.
October–DecemberOctober 1 – The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name K.U.K. Exportakademie.
October 3 – Battle of Sugar Point: Ojibwe tribesmen defeat U.S. government troops in northern Minnesota.
October 6 – The Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia Fraternity (then the Sinfonia Club) is founded at the New England Conservatory in Boston.


November 23 – The Deutsche Opernhaus on Bismarckstraße in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg is destroyed. It is rebuilt in 1961 and called the Deutsche Oper Berlin.

MARCH 11 2011


October 12 – The first town council is established in Mateur.

November 26: blizzard.November 26 – A 2-day blizzard known as the Portland Gale piles snow in Boston, Massachusetts, and severely impacts the Massachusetts fishing industry and several coastal New England towns.
December 9 – The first of the two Tsavo maneaters is shot by John Henry Patterson; the second is killed 3 weeks later, after 135 workers had been killed.
December 10 – The Treaty of Paris is signed, ending the Spanish-American War.

MARCH 12 2011


December 26 – Marie and Pierre Curie announce discovery of a substance they call radium. ( 1898 )

January 1
Spanish rule ends in Cuba.
Queens and Staten Island merge with New York City.
January 6 – Lord Curzon becomes Viceroy of India.
January 8 – SK Rapid Wien is founded.
January 10 – The Tau Kappa Epsilon Fraternity is founded at Illinois Wesleyan University in Bloomington, Illinois.
January 17 – The United States takes possession of Wake Island.
January 19 – Anglo-Egyptian Sudan is formed.
January 20 – South University is founded.
January 21 – Opel Motors opens for business.

January 21: Opel car.January 22 – The leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss the confederation of Australia as a whole.
February 2 – The Australian Premiers' Conference held in Melbourne agrees that Australia's capital (Canberra) should be located between Sydney and Melbourne.
February 4 – The Philippine-American War begins as hostilities break out in Manila.
February 6 – Spanish-American War: A peace treaty between the United States and Spain is ratified by the United States Senate.
February 12–February 14 – Great Blizzard of 1899: Freezing temperatures and snow extend well south into North America, including southern Florida. It is the latest in a series of disasters to Florida's citrus industry.


November 25 – WWII: Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Cape St. George between Buka and New Ireland.

MARCH 13 2011


February 14 – Voting machines are approved by the U.S. Congress for use in federal elections.
February 16 – Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur (the first football club in Iceland). is established.
February 25 – In an accident at Grove Hill, Harrow, London, England, Edwin Sewell becomes the world's first driver of a petrol-driven vehicle to be killed; his passenger, Maj. James Richer, dies of injuries three days later.[1]
March 1 – In Afghanistan, Capt. George Roos-Keppel makes a sudden attack on a predatory band of Chamkannis that have been raiding in the Kurram Valley, and captures 100 prisoners with 3,000 head of cattle.
March 2 – In Washington State, USA, Mount Rainier National Park is established.
March 4 – Cyclone Mahina sweeps in north of Cooktown, Queensland. A 12 m wave reaches up to 5 km inland, leaving over 400 dead.
March 6
Felix Hoffmann patents aspirin.
Bayer registers aspirin as a trademark.

March 6: Aspirin.March 8 – The Frankfurter Fußball-Club Victoria von 1899 (prequel for Eintracht Frankfurt) is founded.
March 20 – At Sing Sing, Martha M. Place becomes the first woman executed in an electric chair.
March 24 – George Dewey is made Admiral of the US Navy.
April–JuneApril 15 – Students at the University of California, Berkeley steal the Stanford Axe from Stanford University yell leaders following a baseball game, thus establishing the Axe as a symbol of the rivalry between the schools.

MARCH 14 2011


May 3 – Ferencvarosi Torna Club is founded.
May 13 – Esporte Clube Vitória is founded in Salvador, Brazil.
May 14 – Three times world champion Nacional is founded.
May 18 – The First Hague Peace Conference was opened in The Hague by Willem de Beaufort, Minister of Foreign Affairs of The Netherlands.
May 30 – Female outlaw Pearl Hart robs a stage coach 30 miles southeast of Globe, Arizona.
May 31 – The launch of the Harriman Alaska Expedition.
June 12 – A tornado completely destroys the town of New Richmond, Wisconsin, killing 117 and injuring more than 200.

MARCH 15 2011


June 22–June 27 – The highest ever recorded individual cricket score, 628 not out, is made by A. E. J. Collins.
June 25 – Three Denver, Colorado newspapers publish a story (later proved to be a fabrication) that the Chinese government under the Guangxu Emperor is going to demolish the Great Wall of China.
June 27 – The paperclip is patented by Johan Vaaler, a Norwegian inventor.[2]
June 30 – Mile-a-Minute Murphy earns his famous nickname this day, after he becomes the first man to ride a bicycle for one mile in under a minute on Long Island.
July–SeptemberJuly 17
America's first juvenile court is established in Chicago.
NEC Corporation is organized as the first Japanese joint venture with foreign capital.
Battle of Togbao: The French Bretonnet–Braun mission is destroyed in Chad, by the warlord Rabih az-Zubayr.
July 19 – The Newsboys Strike takes place when the Newsies of New York go on strike (strike lasts until August 2).
July 29 – The first Peace Conference ends with the signing of the Hague Convention.
July 30 – The Harriman Alaska Expedition ends successfully.
August 3 – The John Marshall Law School is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
August 17 – A hurricane makes landfall in North Carolina's Outer Banks, completely destroying the town of Diamond City.


November 28 – WWII – Tehran Conference: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran to discuss war strategy (on November 30 they establish an agreement concerning a planned June 1944 invasion of Europe codenamed Operation Overlord).

MARCH 16 2011


August 28 – At least 512 are killed when a debris hill from the Sumitomo Besshi copper mine at Niihama, Shikoku, Japan, collapses after heavy rain; 122 houses, a smelting factory, hospital and many other facilities are destroyed.[citation needed]
September 6 – The White Star Line's transatlantic ocean liner RMS Oceanic sails on her maiden voyage. At 17,272 gross tons and 704 ft (215 m), she is the largest ship afloat, following scrapping of the SS Great Eastern a decade earlier.[3]
September 13 – Mackinder, Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian (5,199m – 17,058 ft), the highest peak of Mount Kenya.
September 19 – Alfred Dreyfus is pardoned.

Boer guerrillas during the Second Boer WarOctober–DecemberOctober 11 – The Second Boer War: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State erupts.


November 29 – The second session of AVNOJ, the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia, is held in Jajce, Bosnia and Herzegovina, to determine the post-war ordering of the country.

MARCH 17 2011


October 30 – The Augusta High School Building is completed in Augusta, Kentucky; Augusta Methodist College shuts down.
November 4 – The Alpha Sigma Tau Sorority is founded in Ypsilanti, Michigan.
November 8 – The Bronx Zoo opens in New York City.
November 29 – The F.C. Barcelona football club is founded.
December 2 –
Philippine-American War – Battle of Tirad Pass: ("The Filipino Thermopylae") General Gregorio del Pilar and his troops are able to guard the retreat of Philippine President Emilio Aguinaldo before being wiped out.
During the new moon, a near-grand conjunction of the classical planets and several binocular Solar System bodies occur. The Sun, Moon, Mercury, Mars and Saturn are all within 15° of each other, with Venus 5° ahead of this conjunction and Jupiter 15° behind. Accompanying the classical planets in this grand conjunction are Uranus (technically visible unaided in pollution-free skies), Ceres and Pallas.
December 16
The A.C. Milan is founded.
Augusta, KY: Augusta High School burns down due to a heating plant failure.
December 26 – Second Boer War – Battle of Mafeking: The British inflict a crushing defeat on the Boers.
December 31 – A large standing stone at Stonehenge falls over, the most recent time this has happened.

MARCH 18 2011


Main article: January 1900

January 1 – Hawaii asks for a delegate at the U.S. Republican National Convention.
January 2
The first electric bus becomes operational in New York City.
U.S. Secretary of State John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote American trade with China.
January 3 – The United States Census estimates the country's population to be about 70 million people.
January 4 – Strikes in Belgium and Germany lead to mining riots.
January 5
The Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule.
Dr. Henry A. Rowland of Johns Hopkins University announces a theory about the cause of the Earth's magnetism.
January 6 – Second Boer War: Boers attack the town of Ladysmith, South Africa, killing over 1,000 people.
January 8 – President William McKinley of the United States places Alaska under military governance.
January 9 – The first through passenger train goes from Cairo to Khartoum.
January 14
The opera Tosca premieres in Rome, Italy.
The U.S. Senate accepts the British-German treaty of 1899, in which the United Kingdom renounced its claims to the American Samoa portion of the Samoan Islands.
January 17 Brigham H. Roberts of Utah is not seated by the U.S. House of Representatives because of his plural marriage.
January 23 – 5,000 Austrian miners go on strike.

Second Boer War: Boers at Spion Kop, 1900January 24 – The Second Boer War: At the Battle of Spion Kop: Boer troops defeat the British troops.
January 26 – The Labor League Conference opens in Sydney, Australia, with plans to form a Federal Labor Party. This is spelled "Labor" even in Australia.
January 27 – Boxer Rebellion: Foreign diplomats in Peking, China demand that the Boxer rebels be disciplined.
January 29 – The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs is organized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania with eight founding teams.
[edit] February
Main article: February 1900

Plaque recording the location of the formation of the British Labour Party in 1900.February 1 – Western Australia announced its refusal to join the Australian Federation unless it is given five more years of fiscal freedom.
February 3
Governor William Goebel of Kentucky dies of wounds after being shot by several assassins on January 30. Goebel, who had prevailed in a dispute over the winner of the election in November 1899, had been sworn in on his deathbed. The former U.S. Secretary of State Caleb Powers is later found guilty in the conspiracy to kill Goebel.
Strikers in Aachen, Vienna, and Brussels demand an eight-hour working day and higher wages.
February 5
The United Kingdom and the United States sign a treaty for the building of a Central American shipping canal across Central America in Nicaragua.
Second Boer War: The British House of Commons' vote of censure over the British government's handling of the war is defeated.
February 6 – The international arbitration court at The Hague is created when the Netherlands' Senate ratifies an 1899 peace conference decree.
February 8 – Second Boer War: British troops are defeated by the Boers at Ladysmith.
February 9 – Dwight F. Davis creates the Davis Cup tennis tournament.
February 14
Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country.
Second Boer War – Battle of Paardeberg: 20,000 British troops invade the Orange Free State.
February 15 – Second Boer War: The Siege of Kimberley is lifted.
February 17 – Second Boer War: Battle of Paardeberg: British troops defeat the Boers.
February 27
The British Labour Party is formed.
Second Boer War: British military leaders accept the unconditional notice of surrender from Boer General Piet Cronje.
Ramsay MacDonald is appointed secretary of the newly formed British Labour Party.
FC Bayern Munich, football club, is founded.
[edit] March
Main article: March 1900

March 2 (beginning) – Groups of officials inspect towns around Australia in order to find a location the new Federal capital

MARCH 19 2011


March 5 – Two U.S. Navy cruisers are sent to Central America to protect American interests in a dispute between Nicaragua and Costa Rica.
March 6
"Baby-farmer" Ada Williams is hanged at Newgate Prison for murdering a 21-month old girl.
A coal mine explosion in West Virginia kills 50 miners.
March 7 – A fire at Buckingham Palace destroys part of its roof.
March 8 – Londoners celebrate as Queen Victoria makes a rare visit to the city.
March 9 – Women in Germany demand the right to participate in university entrance exams.
March 14 – The botanist Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's Laws of Heredity.
March 15 – The Gold Standard Act is ratified, placing the United States currency on the gold standard.
March 16 – The British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans purchases the land on Crete on which the ruins of the palace of Knossos stand. He begins to unearth some of the palace three days later.
March 24 – The Mayor of New York, Van Wyck, breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that will link Manhattan with Brooklyn.
March 27 – The arrival of a Russian naval fleet in Korea causes concern to the Imperial Japanese government.
March 28 – Over 1,000 tonnes of waste are removed from demolished buildings in Sydney, Australia, in areas affected by an outbreak of the bubonic plague.
March 31 – In France, the length of a legal workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours.
[edit] April
Main article: April 1900

April 1
The Irish Guards are formed by Queen Victoria.
King George of Greece becomes absolute monarch of Crete.
April 4 – An anarchist shoots at the Prince of Wales during his visit to Belgium.
April 14 – The Paris World Exhibition opens.
April 22 – Battle of Kousséri: French forces secure their domination of Chad. Warlord Rabih az-Zubayr is defeated and killed.
April 26 – The Great Lumber Fire of Ottawa–Hull kills 7 and leaves 15,000 homeless.
April 30 – Hawaii becomes an official U.S. territory.
[edit] May
Main article: May 1900

May 1 – An explosion of blasting powder in coal mine in Scofield, Utah kills 200.


December 2 – A Luftwaffe bombing raid on the harbour of Bari, Italy, sinks an American ship with a mustard gas stockpile, causing numerous fatalities (though the exact death toll is unresolved, as the bombing raid itself causes hundreds of deaths too).

MARCH 20 2011


May 14 – The second Modern Olympic Games opens in Paris (as part of the Paris World Exhibition).
May 17
Second Boer War: British troops relieve the Mafeking.
Boxer Rebellion: Boxers destroy 3 villages near Peking and kill 60 Chinese Christians.
May 18 – The United Kingdom proclaims a protectorate over Tonga.
May 21 – Russia invades Manchuria.
May 23 – Sergeant William Harvey Carney is awarded the Medal of Honor for heroism in 1863, as the first African American to have been awarded this medal.
May 24 – Second Boer War: The British annex the Orange Free State as the Orange River Colony.
May 28 – Boxer Rebellion: The Boxers attack Belgians in the Fengtai railway station.
May 29 – N'Djamena, the capital city of Chad, is founded as Fort-Lamy by French commander Émile Gentil.
May 31 – Boxer Rebellion: Peacekeepers from various European countries arrive in China.
[edit] June
Main article: June 1900

June 1 – Carrie Nation begins her crusade to demolish saloons.
June 5 – Second Boer War: British soldiers take Pretoria.
June 14 – The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy.
June 20 – Boxer Rebellion: Boxers gather about 20,000 people near Peking and kill hundreds of European citizens, including the German ambassador.
June 30 – Saale disaster: The German passenger ship Saale, owned by the North German Lloyd Steamship line, catches fire at the docks in Hoboken, New Jersey. The fire spreads to the adjacent piers and nearby ships, killing 326 people.

Australia, founded 9 July 1900.[edit] July
Main article: July 1900

July 2 – The first zeppelin flight is carried out over Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.
July 5 – The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act passes the British Parliament.
July 9 – Queen Victoria gives her royal assent to the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act.


December 3 – Edward R. Murrow delivers his classic "Orchestrated Hell" broadcast over CBS Radio, describing a Royal Air Force nighttime bombing raid on Berlin

MARCH 21 2011


July 12 – A German cruise liner, the SS Deutschland, breaks the record for the Blue Riband for the first time with an average speed of 22.4 knots.
July 19 – The first line of the Paris Métro is opened.
July 25 – The Robert Charles Riots break out in New Orleans, Louisiana.
July 29 – King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by the Italian-born anarchist Gaetano Bresci.
[edit] August
Main article: August 1900

August 14 – Boxer Rebellion: An international contingent of troops, under British command, invades Peking and frees the Europeans taken hostage.
[edit] September
Main article: September 1900

September 8 – A powerful hurricane hits Galveston, Texas killing about 8,000 people.


December 4
WWII: In Yugoslavia, resistance leader Marshal Tito proclaims a provisional democratic Yugoslav government in-exile.
The Great Depression officially ends in the United States: With unemployment figures falling fast due to World War II-related employment, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt closes the Works Progress Administration.

MARCH 22 2011


September 13 – Philippine-American War: Filipino resistance fighters defeat a large American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa.
September 17 – Philippine-American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat the Americans under Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham at Mabitac.
September 25 – In the British general election, the recently formed Labour Party gains two seats. Winston Churchill is also elected to Parliament for the first time.
[edit] October
Main article: October 1900

[edit] November
Main article: November 1900

November 3 – The first automobile show in the United States opens at New York City's Madison Square Garden.
November 6 – U.S. presidential election, 1900: Republican incumbent William McKinley is reelected by defeating Democratic challenger William Jennings Bryan

MARCH 23 2011

1900 - 1901

December 7 – Max Planck announces his discovery of the law of black body emission, marking the birth of quantum physics.

January 1: Commonwealth of Australia forms as British colonies federate.January 1
The world celebrates the beginning of the 20th century.
The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia federate as the Commonwealth of Australia. Edmund Barton becomes first Prime Minister.
Nigeria becomes a British protectorate.
The birth of Pentecostalism at a prayer meeting at Bethel Bible College in Topeka, Kansas.
January 4 – The first deaf Greek organization, Kappa Gamma Fraternity is founded at Gallaudet University.
January 5 – Typhoid fever breaks out in a Seattle jail, the first of 2 typhoid outbreaks in the USA during the year.
January 7 – Alferd Packer is released from prison after serving 18 years for cannibalism.
January 10 – In the first great Texas gusher, oil is discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas.

posted on Mar, 15 2011 @ 08:29 AM
MARCH 24 2011


January 22 – After reigning for almost 64 years, longer than any other British monarch, Queen Victoria dies at the age of 81. Her eldest son, Prince Albert Edward, Prince of Wales becomes King, reigning as King Edward VII until 1910. His son, Prince George, Duke of York becomes Duke of Cornwall.
January 28 – Baseball's American League declares itself a Major League.

January 22: King Edward VII ascends the British throne and becomes Emperor of India.[edit] FebruaryFebruary 2 – Funeral of Queen Victoria in London.
February 5 – Hay-Pauncefote Treaty signed by United Kingdom and United States, ceding control of the Panama Canal to the United States
February 5 – J Pierpont Morgan buys mines and steel mills in the United States, marking the first billion dollar business deal
February 6 – First public telephones at railway stations in Paris
February 11 – Anti Jesuit riots sweep across Spain
February 12 – India Viceroy Lord Curzon creates new frontier province in the north of the Punjab, bordering Afghanistan
February 14 – King Edward VII opens his first parliament
February 15 – The Alianza Lima Foundation is created in Peru.
February 20 – The Hawaii Territory Legislature convenes for the first time.
February 22 – Pacific mail steamer sinks in Golden Gate Harbor, killing 128
February 23 – United Kingdom and Germany agree the frontier between German East Africa and the British colony of Nyasaland
February 26 – Chi-hsui and Hsu-cheng-yu, Boxer Rebellion leaders, executed in Peking
February 26 – Middelburg peace conference fails in South Africa as Boers continue to demand autonomy
February 27 – The Sultan of Turkey orders 50,000 troops to the Bulgarian frontier because of unrest in Macedonia
[edit] MarchMarch 1 – United Kingdom, Germany and Japan protest at Sino-Russian agreement on Manchuria.
March 2 – The U.S. Congress passes the Platt Amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops.
March 4 – United States President William McKinley begins his 2nd term. Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as Vice President of the United States.
March 5 – Irish nationalist demonstrators ejected by police from House of Commons of the United Kingdom in London.
March 6 – In Bremen, an assassin attempts to kill Wilhelm II of Germany
March 11 – United Kingdom rejects amended Hay-Pauncefote treaty.
March 17
A showing of 71 Vincent van Gogh paintings in Paris, 11 years after his death, creates a sensation.
Student riots in St Petersburg and Moscow.

MARCH 25 2011


March 31 – The United Kingdom Census 1901 is taken.

March 6: Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany survives assassination attempt.[edit] AprilApril 25 – New York State becomes the first to require automobile license plates.
April 29 – Anti-Jewish rioting breaks out in Budapest.
[edit] MayMay 3 – The Great Fire of 1901 begins in Jacksonville, FL.
May 5 – The Caste War of Yucatán officially ends, although Mayan skirmishers continue sporadic fighting for another decade.
May 9 – Australia opens its first parliament in Melbourne.
May 17 – The U.S. stock market crashes.
May 24 – 78 miners die in the Caerphilly pit disaster in South Wales

December 7 1943

December 7 – Chiara Lubich starts the Focolare Movement in Trent, northern Italy, during WWII.

MARCH 26 2011


May 25 – The Club Atlético River Plate is founded in Argentina.
May 27 – In New Jersey, the Edison Storage Battery Company is founded.
May 28 – Iran (known as Persia until 1935) grants William Knox D'Arcy a concession, giving him the right to prospect for oil.
[edit] JuneJune 2 – Katsura Taro becomes Prime Minister of Japan.
June 12 – Cuba becomes a U.S. protectorate.

June 12: Cuba becomes a United States protectorate.[edit] JulyJuly 1 – Bureau of Chemistry within Department of Agriculture.
July 4 – The 1,282 foot (390 m) covered bridge crossing the St. John River at Hartland, New Brunswick, Canada opens. It is the longest covered bridge in the world.
July 24 – O. Henry is released from prison in Columbus, Ohio after serving 3 years for embezzlement from the First National Bank in Austin, Texas.

MARCH 27 2011


August 5 – Peter O'Connor sets the first International Association of Athletics Federations recognised long jump world record of 24 ft 11¾ins. The record will stand for 20 years.
August 6 – Discovery Expedition: Robert Falcon Scott sets sail on the RRS Discovery to explore the Ross Sea in Antarctica.
August 28 – Silliman University is founded in the Philippines. The first American private school in the country.[1]
August 30 – Hubert Cecil Booth patents an electric vacuum cleaner.
[edit] September
September 7: The Boxer Rebellion in China ends with the signing of the Peking Protocol.
September 14: Theodore Roosevelt becomes President of the United States on the death of William McKinley.September 2 – U.S. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt utters the famous phrase, "Speak softly and carry a big stick" at the Minnesota State Fair.
September 5 – The National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues (later renamed Minor League Baseball), is formed in Chicago.
September 6 – American anarchist Leon Czolgosz shoots U.S. President William McKinley at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. McKinley dies 8 days later.
September 7 – The Boxer Rebellion in China officially ends with the signing of the Boxer Protocol.
September 14 – Theodore Roosevelt succeeds William McKinley as President of the United States.
September 26 – The body of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln is exhumed and reinterred in concrete several feet thick.

MARCH 28 2011


October 2 – The Royal Navy's first submarine is launched at Barrow.
October 4 – The American yacht Columbia defeats the Irish Shamrock in the America's Cup yachting race.
October 16 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt invites African American leader Booker T. Washington to the White House. The American South reacts angrily to the visit, and racial violence increases in the region.
October 23 – Yale University celebrates its bicentennial.
October 24 – Michigan schoolteacher Annie Taylor goes down Niagara Falls in a barrel and survives.
October 29
In Amherst, New Hampshire, nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine.
Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of William McKinley, is executed by electrocution.
[edit] NovemberNovember 1 – Sigma Phi Epsilon is founded in Richmond, VA.
November 9 – Prince George, Duke of Cornwall becomes Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester.
November 15 – The Alpha Sigma Alpha Fraternity is founded at Longwood University.

MARCH 29 2011

1901- 1902

November 28 – The new state constitution of Alabama requires voters to have passed literacy tests.
[edit] DecemberDecember 3 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt delivers a 20,000-word speech to the House of Representatives asking Congress to curb the power of trusts "within reasonable limits".
December 10 – The first Nobel Prize ceremony is held in Stockholm on the fifth anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death.
December 12 – Guglielmo Marconi receives the first trans-Atlantic radio signal, sent from Poldhu in England to Newfoundland, Canada; it is the letter "S" in Morse.[2]
December 20 – The final spike is driven into the Mombasa-Victoria-Uganda Railway in what is now Kisumu, Kenya.

In France, Alfred Loisy writes L'évangile et l'Eglise, which inaugurates the Modernist Crisis.
International Bureau of the American Republics is established.
January 1
The first college football bowl game, the Rose Bowl between Michigan and Stanford, is held in Pasadena, California.
Nurses Registration Act 1901 comes into effect in New Zealand, making it the first country in the world to require state registration of nurses. On January 10, Ellen Dougherty becomes the world's first registered nurse.
January 8 – A train collision in the New York Central Railroad's Park Avenue Tunnel kills 17, injures 38, and leads to increased demand for electric trains.
January 23 – A snowstorm at Mount Hakkoda, northern Honshu, Japan, kills 199 during a military training exercise

MARCH 30 2011


January 28 – The Carnegie Institution is founded in Washington, DC with a $10 million gift from Andrew Carnegie.
February 11 – Police and universal suffrage demonstrators are involved in a physical altercation in Brussels.
February 15 – The Berlin U-Bahn underground is opened.
February 18 – U.S. President Roosevelt prosecutes the Northern Securities Company for violation of the Sherman Act.
[edit] March–AprilMarch 7 – Second Boer War: South African Boers win their last battle over British forces, with the capture of a British general and 200 of his men.
March 10 – A Circuit Court prevents Thomas Edison from having a monopoly on motion picture technology.

MARCH 31 2011


April 2 – Electric Theatre, the first movie theater in the United States, opens in Los Angeles, California.
April 13 – A new car speed record of 74 mph is set in Nice, France, by Leon Serpollet.
April 19 – A magnitude 7.5 earthquake rocks Guatemala, killing 2,000.
April 26 – Hibernian FC won the Scottish Cup 1–0 against Glasgow Celtic FC, the last time in their history they have won the competition..
[edit] May–June
May 8: Mount Pelée erupts.May 5 – The Commonwealth Public Service Act creates Australia's Public Service.
May 8 – In Martinique, Mount Pelée erupts, destroying the town of Saint-Pierre and killing over 30,000.
May 13 – Alfonso XIII of Spain begins his reign.
May 20 – Cuba gains independence from the United States.

APRIL 1 2011


May 29 – Lord Rosebery opens London School of Economics.
May 31 – The Treaty of Vereeniging ends the Second Boer War.

May 15: Lyman Gilmore plane.June 2 – The Anthracite Coal Strike begins in the United States.
June 3 – The Eiffel Tower is struck by lightning at around 9pm.
June 15 – The New York Central railroad inaugurates the 20th Century Limited passenger train between Chicago and New York City, New York.
June 16 – Australia: Female British subjects (with the exception of Asians, Aborigines and Africans) win the vote with the Uniform Franchise Act.
June 17 – Norwich City Football Club is formed.
June 26 – Edward VII institutes The Order of Merit.
[edit] July–AugustJuly 8 – Service of Reclamation within U.S. Geological Survey.
July 10 – The Rolling Mill Mine disaster in Johnstown, PA kills 112 miners.
July 11
Lord Salisbury retires as British prime minister.
The Order of the Garter is conferred on Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.
July 14 – St Mark's Campanile in Venice collapses.
July 21 – Fluminense Football Club is founded in Rio de Janeiro

APRIL 2 2011


August 1 – 100 miners die in a pit explosion in Wollongong, Australia.
August 9 – Edward VII is crowned King of the United Kingdom.
August 22 – Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first American President to ride in an automobile when he rides in a Columbia Electric Victoria through Hartford, Connecticut.
August 24 – A statue of Joan of Arc was unveiled in Saint-Pierre-le-Moûtier.
August 30 – In Martinique, Mount Pelée erupts again, destroying the town of Morne-Rouge causing 1000 deaths.

APRIL 3 2011


October 16 – The first Borstal (youth offenders' institution) opens in Borstal, Kent, U.K.
October 21 – In the United States, a five month strike by the United Mine Workers ends.

APRIL 4 2011

1902 - 1903

November 30 – American Old West: The second-in-command of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch gang, Kid Curry Logan, is sentenced to 20 years hard labor.
December – The Venezuela Crisis of 1902–1903 occurs (until February 1903), in which Britain, Germany and Italy sustain a naval blockade on Venezuela in order to enforce collection of outstanding financial claims. This prompts the development of the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine.
December 10 – The first Aswan Dam on The Nile is completed.
December 31 – Scott, Shackleton and Wilson reach the furthest southern point thus far by man at 82°17'S.

January 1 – Edward VII of the United Kingdom is proclaimed Emperor of India.
January 19 – The first west-east transatlantic radio broadcast is made from the United States to England (the first east-west broadcast having been made in 1901

APRIL 5 2011


February 11 – The Oxnard Strike of 1903 becomes the first time in U.S. history that a labor union is formed from members of different races.
February 15 – Morris and Rose Mitchom introduce the first teddy bear in America.
February 17 – El Yunque National Forest in Puerto Rico becomes part of the United States National Forest System as the Luquillo Forest Reserve.
February 23 – Cuba leases Guantanamo Bay to the United States "in perpetuity".
[edit] MarchMarch 2 – In New York City, the Martha Washington Hotel, the first hotel exclusively for women, opens.
March 3 – The British admiralty announces plans to build a naval base at Rosyth.
March 5 – The Ottoman Empire and the German Empire sign an agreement to build the Constantinople-Baghdad Railway.
March 12 – The University of Puerto Rico is founded.
March 14 – The Hay-Herran Treaty, granting the United States the right to build the Panama Canal, is ratified by the United States Senate. The Colombian Senate later rejects the treaty.
March 19 – The oldest Turkish football club, Besiktas JK, is founded in Istanbul

APRIL 6 2011


April 7 – Fredrikstad Football Club (FFK) is founded in Norway
April 29 – A 30-million-m3 landslide kills 70 in Frank, Alberta.
[edit] MayMay 4 – The Bulgarian revolutionary Gotse Delchev is killed in a skirmish with the Turkish police, after which a Bulgarian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins but is soon crushed.
May 18 – The port of Burgas, Bulgaria opens.
May 22 – The White Star Liner, SS Ionic, is launched.
May 24 – The Paris-Madrid race begins, and during the race killing about 9 people.

December 20 1943

December 20 – A military coup is staged in Bolivia.

APRIL 7 2011


June 11 – Serbian King Alexander Obrenović and Queen Draga are assassinated.
June 12 – The Sigma Alpha Iota International Music Fraternity is founded at the University of Michigan School of Music.
June 14 – The town of Heppner, Oregon, is nearly destroyed by a cloud burst that resulted in a flash flood.

July 23: 1903 Ford Model A.[edit] JulyJuly 1–July 19 – Maurice Garin wins the first Tour de France.
July 7 – The British take over the Fulani Empire.
July 23 – Dr. Ernst Pfenning of Chicago becomes the first owner of a Ford Model A.
July 30–August 23 (July 17–August 10, O.S.) – Second Congress of the All-Russian Social Democratic Labour Party held in exile in Brussels, transferring to London.

APRIL 8 2011


August 2 – The Ilinden Uprising of the Macedonian Bulgarians in the Ottoman Empire breaks out.
August 4 – Pope Pius X succeeds Pope Leo XIII as the 257th pope.
August 10 – Paris Metro train fire takes place.
August 25 – Judiciary Act passed.
[edit] SeptemberSeptember 11 – The first stock car event is held at the Milwaukee Mile.
September 14 – Joseph Chamberlain resigns as British Colonial Secretary, in order to campaign publicly for "Imperial Preference".
September 15 – Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto-Alegrense is founded in Porto Alegre, Brazil
September 24 – Edmund Barton steps down as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by Alfred Deakin.
September 27 – The Wreck of the Old 97 engine at Stillhouse Trestle near Danville, Virginia, which kills 9 people, inspires a ballad and song.

APRIL 9 2011


September 29 – Prussia becomes the first locality to require mandatory drivers licenses for operators of motor vehicles.
[edit] OctoberOctober – Frank Nelson Cole proves that 267-1 is composite by factoring it as 193,707,721 * 761,838,257,287 after trying every Sunday for 3 years.
October 1 – The first modern World Series pits the National League's Pittsburgh against Boston of the American League.
October 6 – The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.
October 10 – The Women's Social and Political Union is founded.
[edit] November
December 17: The first flight by Orville Wright.November 3 – Founding of Argentinian football team, Newell's Old Boys in the city of Rosario.
November 4 – With the encouragement of the United States, Panama proclaims itself independent from Colombia.
November 13 – The United States recognizes the independence of Panama.
November 17 – The Russian Social Democratic Labor Party splits into two groups; the Bolsheviks (Russian for "majority") and Mensheviks (Russian for "minority").
November 18 – The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty is signed by the United States and Panama, giving the U.S. exclusive rights over the Panama Canal Zone.
November 23 – Colorado Governor James Hamilton Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners' strike.

DECEMBER 24 1943
December 24 – WWII: U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe.

APRIL 10 2011

1903- 1904

December 17 – Orville Wright flies an aircraft with a petrol engine at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina in the first documented, successful, controlled, powered, heavier-than-air flight.
December 30 – A fire at the Iroquois Theater in Chicago kills 600.
January 7 – The distress signal CQD is established, only to be replaced 2 years later by SOS.
January 12 – Henry Ford sets a new automobile land speed record of 91.37 mph.
January 12 – The Herero Rebellion in German South-West Africa begins.
January 16 – The first large-scale bodybuilding competition in America takes place at Madison Square Garden in New York City

APRIL 11 2011


February 7 – The Great Baltimore Fire in Baltimore, Maryland destroys over 1,500 buildings in 30 hours.
February 8 – A Japanese surprise attack on Port Arthur (Lushun) starts the Russo-Japanese War.
February 10 – Roger Casement publishes his account of Belgian atrocities in the Congo.
February 23 – For $10 million, the United States gains control of the Panama Canal Zone.
February 28 – Sport Lisboa e Benfica is founded in Portugal.
[edit] MarchMarch 3 – Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a political recording of a document, using Thomas Edison's cylinder.
March 4 – Russo-Japanese War: Russian troops in Korea retreat toward Manchuria, followed by 100,000 Japanese troops.
March 26 – 80,000 demonstrators gather in Hyde Park, London to protest against the imporation of Chinese workers to South Africa by the British government

APRIL 12 2011


March 31 – British expedition to Tibet – Battle of Guru: British troops under Colonel Francis Younghusband defeat ill-equipped Tibetan troops.
[edit] AprilApril 8
The Entente Cordiale is signed between the UK and France.
Longacre Square in Midtown Manhattan is renamed Times Square after The New York Times.
Aleister Crowley begins writing Liber Al vel Legis, better known as The Book of the Law, a text central to Thelema. He completes this task on April 10.
April 19 – The Great Toronto Fire destroys much of that city's downtown, but there are no fatalities.
April 27 – The Australian Labor Party becomes the first such party to gain national government, under Chris Watson.
April 30 – The Louisiana Purchase Exposition World's Fair opens in St. Louis, Missouri (closes December 1).
[edit] MayMay 4
U.S. Army engineers begin work on The Panama Canal.
German football club FC Schalke 04 is established.
May 5 – Pitching against the Philadelphia Athletics, Cy Young of the Boston Americans throws the first perfect game in the modern era of baseball.
May 9 – GWR 3440 City of Truro becomes the first railway locomotive to exceed 100 mph.
May 21 – The International Federation of Association Football, FIFA, is established.

APRIL 13 2011


May 30 – Alpha Gamma Delta, now an international women's fraternity, is founded by 11 women at Syracuse University.
[edit] JuneJune 10 – Irish author James Joyce meets his future wife Nora Barnacle.
June 15 – A fire aboard the steamboat General Slocum in New York City's East River kills 1,021.
June 16
Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolai Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland.
James Joyce walks to Ringsend with Nora Barnacle; he later uses this date (Bloomsday) as the setting for his novel Ulysses.
June 28 – The Danish ocean liner SS Norge runs aground and sinks close to Rockall, killing 635, including 225 Norwegian emigrants.
June 29 – The 1904 Moscow tornado occurs.
[edit] JulyJuly 1 – The third Modern Olympic Games opens in St. Louis, Missouri, United States as part of the World's Fair.
July 21 – The Trans-Siberian railway is completed.

APRIL 14 2011


August 3 – British expedition to Tibet: The British expedition under Colonel Francis Younghusband takes Lhasa in Tibet.
August 14 – Ismael Montes becomes President of Bolivia.
August 17 – Russo-Japanese War: A Japanese infantry charge fails to take Port Arthur.
August 18 – Chris Watson resigns as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by George Reid.
[edit] SeptemberSeptember 7 – British expedition to Tibet: The Dalai Lama signs the Anglo-Tibetan Treaty with Colonel Francis Younghusband.
September 26 – New Zealand dolphin Pelorus Jack is individually protected by Order in Council under the Sea Fisheries Act.[1]

APRIL 15 2011


October 1 – Phi Delta Epsilon, the international medical fraternity, is founded by Aaron Brown and eight of his friends at Cornell University Medical College.
October 5 – Alpha Kappa Psi, the co-ed Professional Business Fraternity, is founded on the campus of New York University
October 15 – Theta Tau, the Professional Engineering Fraternity, is founded at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
October 19 – Polytechnic University of the Philippines is founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American C.A. O'Reilley.
October 21 – Russo-Japanese War – Dogger Bank incident: The Russian Baltic Fleet fires on British trawlers it mistakes for Japanese torpedo boats in the North Sea.
October 27 – The first underground line of the New York City Subway opens.
[edit] NovemberNovember 8 – U.S. presidential election, 1904: Republican incumbent Theodore Roosevelt defeats Democrat Alton B. Parker.
November 24 – The first successful caterpillar track is made (it later revolutionizes construction vehicles and land warfare).

DECEMBER 30 1943

December 30 – Subhash Chandra Bose sets up a pro-Japanese Indian government at Port Blair, India

APRIL 16 2011

1904- 1905

December 2 – The St. Petersburg Soviet urges a run on the banks: the attempt fails and the executive committee is arrested.
December 3 – Charles Dillon Perrine discovers Jupiter's largest irregular satellite, Himalia.
December 4 – The K.U. or Konservativ Ungdom (Young Conservatives) is founded by Carl F. Herman von Rosen in Denmark .
December 10 – The Pi Kappa Phi Fraternity is founded at the College of Charleston in Charleston, SC.
December 27 – The stage play Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up premieres in London.
December 30 – The East Boston Tunnel opens.
December 31 – In New York City, the first New Year's Eve celebration is held in Times Square

January 1 – The Trans-Siberian Railway officially opens after its completion on July 21, 1904.
January 2 – Russo-Japanese War: The Russian Army surrenders at Port Arthur, China.
January 5 – The play The Scarlet Pimpernel opens at the New Theatre in London and begins a run of 122 performances and numerous revivals.
January 22 (January 9 O.S.) – The Bloody Sunday massacre of Russian demonstrators, at the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg, helps trigger the abortive Russian Revolution of 1905.
January 26 – The Cullinan Diamond is found near Pretoria, South Africa at the Premier Mine.

APRIL 17 2011


February 12 – In Christchurch, New Zealand, the Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament is opened.
February 16 – At Haulbowline Base in Ireland, 2 explosions onboard the HM Submarine A5, due to petrol fumes after refueling, kill 6 of 11 crew.
February 17 – At Fremantle, Western Australia, the R.M.S. Orizaba wrecks, but all 160 passengers and the mail are saved.
February 19 – Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of Mukden begins in Manchuria.
February 23 – Rotary International is founded.
[edit] March
March 3: Nicholas II creates the Duma.March 1 – Australian Conservative leader Richard Butler takes office as Premier of South Australia.
March 3 – Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to create an elected assembly (the Duma).
March 4 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt begins a full term.
March 5 – Russo-Japanese War: Russian troops begin to retreat from Mukden after losing 100,000 troops in 3 days.
March 10
Russo-Japanese War: The Japanese capture of Mukden (now Shenyang) completes the rout of Russian armies in Manchuria.
Cassie Chadwick is sentenced for 14 years in Cleveland, Ohio for fraud.
March 12 – Yin Shun, Chinese Buddhist master (d. 2005)
March 14 – Chelsea FC is founded.
March 17 – Albert Einstein publishes his paper On a heuristic viewpoint concerning the production and transformation of light, in which he explains the photoelectric effect using the notion of light quanta.
March 20 – Grover Shoe Factory disaster: A boiler explosion, building collapse and fire in Brockton, Massachusetts kills 58.

APRIL 18 2011


March 31 – German Emperor William II asserts German equality with France in Morocco, triggering the Tangier or First Moroccan Crisis.
[edit] AprilApril – Albert Einstein works on the special theory of relativity as well as the theory of Brownian motion.
April 1 – Penny post established between the United Kingdom and Australia.[1]
April 2 – The Simplon Tunnel is officially opened through the Alps.
April 4 – In India, the 1905 Kangra earthquake hits the Kangra valley, kills 20,000, and destroys most buildings in Kangra, Mcleodganj and Dharamshala.
April 6 – Lochner v. New York: The Supreme Court of the United States invalidates New York's 8-hour-day law.
[edit] May
May 15: Las Vegas, Nevada is founded with auction of 110 acres (0.45 km2).May 11 – Albert Einstein submits his doctoral dissertation On the Motion of Small Particles..., in which he explains Brownian motion. In the course of the year, Einstein publishes 4 papers, formulates the theory of special relativity and explains the photoelectric effect by quantization. 1905 is regarded as his "miracle year".
May 13 – Mata Hari debuts in Paris.
May 15 – The Russian minelayer Amur laid a minefield about 15 miles (24 km) off Port Arthur and sank Japan's battleship Hatsuse, 15,000 tons, with 496 crew.
May 15 – Las Vegas, Nevada is founded when 110 acres (0.4 km²), in what later becomes downtown, are auctioned off.
May 17 – Kappa Delta Rho is founded in in room 14 of Old Painter Hall at Middlebury College in Middlebury, VT.
May 27–May 28 – Russo-Japanese War – Battle of Tsushima: The Japanese fleet under Admiral Heihachiro Togo destroys the Russian fleet under Admiral Zinovi Petrovich Rozhdestvenski in a 2-day battle.

APRIL 19 2011


June 7 – The Norwegian Parliament declares the union with Sweden dissolved, and Norway achieves full independence.
June 9 – The Charlton Athletic F.C. is founded.
June 15 – Princess Margaret of Connaught marries Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden, Duke of Skåne (Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden).
June 27 – (June 14 according to the Julian calendar): Mutiny breaks out on the Russian ironclad Potemkin.
June 29 – The Automobile Association was founded in United Kingdom.
June 30 – Albert Einstein publishes the article On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies where he reveals his theory of special relativity.
[edit] JulyJuly 22 – Taft-Katsura Agreement.
July 23 – Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time

APRIL 20 2011


September 1 – The Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan are established from the southwestern part of the Northwest Territories.
September 5 – Russo-Japanese War – Treaty of Portsmouth: In New Hampshire, a treaty mediated by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt is signed by victor Japan and Russia. Russia cedes the island of Sakhalin and port and rail rights in Manchuria to Japan.

JANUARY 4 1944

January 4 – WWII: The Battle of Monte Cassino begins.

posted on Mar, 15 2011 @ 09:28 AM
APRIL 21 2011


October 2 – HMS Dreadnought is laid down, revolutionizing battleship design and triggering a naval arms race.
October 5 – The Wright Brothers' third aeroplane (Wright Flyer III) stays in the air for 39 minutes with Wilbur piloting. This is the first aeroplane flight lasting over half an hour.
October 16 – Russian Revolution of 1905: The Russian army opens fire in a meeting on a street market in Estonia, killing 94 and injuring over 200.
October 26 – Sweden agrees to the repeal of the union with Norway.
October 30 – Tsar Nicholas II is forced to grant Russia's first constitution, conceding a national assembly (Duma) with limited powers.
[edit] NovemberNovember 9 – The Province of Alberta, Canada holds its first general election.
November 18 – Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway.
November 28 – Irish nationalist Arthur Griffith founds Sinn Féin in Dublin, as a political party whose goal is independence for all of Ireland

APRIL 22 2011

1905 - 1906

December 30 – A bomb kills Frank Steunenberg, ex-governor of Idaho; the case leads to a trial against leaders of the Western Federation of Miners

January 22 – The SS Valencia strikes a reef off Vancouver Island, Canada, killing over 100 (officially 136) in the ensuing disaster.
January 31 – An earthquake (8.8 on the Moment magnitude scale) and associated tsunami strikes Ecuador and Colombia.

APRIL 23 2011


February 10 – HMS Dreadnought is launched and sparks the naval race between Britain and Germany.
February 11 – Pope Pius X publishes the encyclical Vehementer Nos.
[edit] MarchMarch 10 – An explosion in a coal mine in Courrières, France kills 1,060.
March 18 – Traian Vuia makes a short flight in a self-propelled, heavier-than-air aircraft.

April 7 – Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates Naples.
April 18 – The 1906 San Francisco earthquake (estimated magnitude 7.8) on the San Andreas Fault destroys much of San Francisco, California, USA, killing at least 3,000, with 225,000–300,000 left homeless, and $350 million in damages.
April 23 – In Tsarist Russia, the Fundamental Laws are announced at the first state Duma.

The ruins of San Francisco following the April 18 earthquake and later fires[edit] MayMay – Jack London's novel White Fang is serialized in The Outing Magazine.

APRIL 24 2011


June 7 – The RMS Lusitania is launched in Glasgow. It is the world's largest ship.
[edit] JulyJuly 6 – The Second Geneva Convention meets.
July 12 – Alfred Dreyfus is exonerated. He is reinstalled in the French Army on July 21, thus ending the Dreyfus Affair.
[edit] AugustAugust 16 – A magnitude 8.2 earthquake in Valparaíso, Chile leaves approximately 20,000 dead.
August 22 – The first Victor Victrola, a phonographic record player, is manufactured.
August 23 – Unable to control a rebellion Cuban President Tomás Estrada Palma requests United States intervention. The subsequent provisional occupation administration lasts until 1909.[citation needed]

APRIL 25 2011


September 11 – Mahatma Gandhi coins the term Satyagraha to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.
September 18 – A typhoon and tsunami kill an estimated 10,000 in Hong Kong.[citation needed]
September 30 – The first Gordon Bennett Cup in ballooning is held, starting in Paris. The winning team, piloting the balloon United States, lands in Fylingdales, Yorkshire.
[edit] OctoberOctober 1 – The Grand Duchy of Finland becomes the first nation to include the right of women to stand as candidates when it adopts universal suffrage.
October 6 – The Majlis of Iran convenes for the first time.
October 11 – A United States diplomatic crisis with Japan arises when the San Francisco public school board orders Japanese students to be taught in racially segregated schools.
October 16 – Imposter Wilhelm Voigt impersonates a Prussian officer and takes over city hall in Köpenick for a short time.
October 23 – An aeroplane of Alberto Santos-Dumont takes off at Bagatelle in France and flies 60 meters (200 feet). This is the first officially recorded powered flight in Europe..
October 28 – The Union Minière du Haut Katanga, a Belgian mining trust, is created in the Congo.

APRIL 26 2011


November 3 – SOS becomes an international distress signal.
November 22 – Russian Prime Minister Peter Stolypin introduces agrarian reforms aimed at creating a large class of land-owning peasants.
[edit] DecemberDecember 2 – HMS Dreadnought, the first all-big-gun warship, is commissioned.
December 14 – The first German submarine, U-1, enters the German Imperial Navy.
December 24 – Reginald Fessenden makes the first radio broadcast: a poetry reading, a violin solo, and a speech.
December 26 – The world's first feature film, The Story of the Kelly Gang, is released.

APRIL 27 2011


January 6 – The first Montessori school and daycare center for working class children opens in Rome.
January 14 – An earthquake, in Kingston, Jamaica kills more than 1,000.

APRIL 28 2011


March – The 1907 Romanian Peasants' Revolt results in possibly as many as 11,000 deaths.
March 5 – At the opening of the new State Duma in St. Petersburg, Russia 40,000 demonstrators are dispersed by Russian troops.
March 15–March 16 – Elections to the new Parliament of Finland are the first in the world with woman candidates, as well as the first elections in Europe where universal suffrage is applied. Nineteen women are elected.
March 22 – The first taxicabs with taxi meters begin operating in London.

APRIL 29 2011


June 15 – The Second Hague Peace Conference is held.

APRIL 30 2011


July 21 – The SS Columbia sinks after colliding with the lumber schooner San Pedro off Shelter Cove, California, U.S.A., resulting in 88 deaths.
July 25 – Korea becomes a protectorate of Japan.
August 1–August 9 – Robert Baden-Powell leads the first Scout camp on Brownsea Island, England.
August 29 – The partially completed superstructure of the Quebec bridge collapses entirely, claiming the lives of 76 workers.
August 31 – Count Alexander Izvolsky and Sir Arthur Nicolson sign the St. Petersburg Convention, which results in the establishment of the Triple Entente.

MAY 1 2011


September 7 – The passenger liner RMS Lusitania makes its maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
September 26 – New Zealand and Newfoundland become dominions.
October – A committee of the Delegation for the Adoption of an International Auxiliary Language, made up of academics including Otto Jespersen, Wilhelm Ostwald and Roland Eotvos meet in Paris to select a language for international use. The committee ultimately decides to reform Esperanto.
October 17 – Guglielmo Marconi initiates commercial transatlantic radio communications between his high power longwave wireless telegraphy stations in Clifden Ireland and Glace Bay, Nova Scotia.
October 18 – Hague Convention revised by (second) Hague Peace Conference (effective 26 January 1910).
October 27 – Černová tragedy: Fifteen people are shot during the consecration of a Catholic church in Hungary.

JANUARY 15 1944

An earthquake hits San Juan, Argentina, killing an estimated 10,000 people in the worst natural disaster in Argentina's history.

MAY 2 2011


November – The new & largest passenger liner RMS Mauretania makes its maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
December 6 – Monongah Mining Disaster: A coal mine explosion kills 362 workers in Monongah, West Virginia, United States.
December 8 – Upon the death of Oscar II, he is succeeded by his son Gustaf V as king of Sweden.
December 19 – An explosion in a coal mine in Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania kills 239.
December 21 – Santa María School massacre. In Chile soldiers fire at striking mineworkers gathered in the Santa María School in Iquique, over 2000 are killed.

MAY 3 2011


January 12 – A long-distance radio message is sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time.
January 13 – A fire at the Rhoads Opera House in Boyertown, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. kills 170.
January 24 – Robert Baden-Powell begins the Boy Scout movement.
[edit] FebruaryFebruary 1 – King Carlos I of Portugal and Infante Luis Filipe are shot dead in Lisbon.
February 12 – The first around-the-world car race, the 1908 New York to Paris Race, begins.
February 18 – Japanese immigration to the U.S.A. is forbidden.

MAY 4 2011


March 4 – The Collinwood School Fire, near Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.A., kills 174.
March 21 – Frenchman Henri Farman pilots the first passenger flight.
March 27 – The first overseas Scout Troop is formed in Gibraltar.
[edit] AprilApril 20 – Sunshine train disaster: Two trains collide in Melbourne, Australia, killing 44 people and injuring more than 400.[1]
April 21 – Frederick Cook claims to have reached the North Pole on this date.
April 27 – The 1908 Summer Olympics begin in London.

MAY 5 2011


May 26 – At Masjid-al-Salaman in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil discovery in the Middle East is made. The rights to the resource are quickly acquired by the United Kingdom.
[edit] June
Evidence of the Tunguska event (June 30). Photo taken 19 years later.June 30 – The Tunguska event, also known as the Russian explosion, occurs near the Podkamennaya Tunguska River in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Siberia, Russian Empire.

MAY 6 2011


July 3 – Young Turk Revolution in the Ottoman Empire: Major Ahmed Niyazi, with 200 followers (Ottoman troops and civilians), begins an open revolution by defecting from the 3rd Army Corps in Macedonia, decamping into the hill country.
July 6 – Robert Peary sets sail for the North Pole.
July 11–July 12 – The steamship Amalthea, housing 80 British strikebreakers while in Malmö harbour, Sweden, is bombed by Anton Nilson; 1 is killed, 20 injured.
July 23 – Young Turk Revolution: The Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) issues a formal ultimatum to Sultan Abdul Hamid II to restore the constitution of 1876, within the Ottoman Empire. It is restored the following day.
July 24 – Dorando Pietri wins the Olympic marathon in London in one of the most dramatic arrivals of the Olympic history, only to be disqualified soon afterwards.
[edit] AugustAugust 8 – Wilbur Wright flies in France for the first time demonstrating true controlled powered flight.
August 17 – Emile Cohl makes the first fully animated film, Fantasmagorie.
August 24 – After an intense power struggle, Sultan Abd al-Aziz IV of Morocco is deposed, and is succeeded by his brother Abd al-Hafiz.

MAY 7 2011


September 17 – At Ft. Myer, Virginia, U.S.A. Thomas Selfridge becomes the first person to die in an airplane crash. The pilot, Orville Wright, is severely injured in the crash but recovers.
September 27 – Henry Ford produces his first Model T automobile.
[edit] OctoberOctober 5 – Bulgaria declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire; Ferdinand I of Bulgaria becomes Tsar.
October 6 – The Bosnian Crisis begins after the Austro-Hungarian Empire annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.

MAY 8 2011


November 6 – Western bandits Butch Cassidy and The Sundance Kid are supposedly killed in Bolivia, after being surrounded by a large group of soldiers. There are many rumors to the contrary however, and their grave sites are unmarked.
[edit] DecemberDecember 2 – Child Emperor Pu Yi ascends the Chinese throne at age 2.
December 16 – Construction begins on the RMS Olympic at the Harland and Wolff Shipyards in Belfast.
December 28 – An earthquake and tsunami destroys Messina, Sicily and Calabria, killing over 70,000 people.

MAY 9 2011


January 5 – Colombia recognizes the independence of Panama.
January 16 – Ernest Shackleton's expedition claims to have found the magnetic South Pole, but the location recorded may be incorrect.[1]
January 28 – The last United States troops leave Cuba after being there since the Spanish-American War.

MAY 10 2011


March 10 – The Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909 is signed in Bangkok.
March 18 – Einar Dessau uses a short-wave radio transmitter, becoming the first radio broadcaster.
March 31 – Serbia accepts Austrian control over Bosnia and Herzegovina.
April 6 – Robert Peary, Matthew Henson, and four Eskimo explorers come within a few miles of the North Pole.
April 11 – The city of Tel Aviv (then known as Ahuzat Bayit) is founded.
April 18 – Joan of Arc is beatified in Rome.
April 19 – The Anglo-Persian Oil Company, now BP, is incorporated.
April 27 – Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Abdul Hamid II is overthrown and succeeded by his brother, Mehmed V. He is sent to the Ottoman port city of Thessaloniki (Selanik) the next day.

MAY 11 2011


May 1, 1909 (Saturday)Tens of thousands of California residents turned out at San Francisco to greet the visiting Japanese ships Aso and Soya, which had been captured from Russia during the Russo-Japanese War of 1905.[1]
Walter Reed Medical Center opened for treatment of Washington D.C. residents and veterans.[2]
[edit] May 2, 1909 (Sunday)Mark Twain began work on the "Ashcroft-Lyon" manuscript, never published, three weeks after firing his secretary, Isabel Lyon, who had married Ralph Ashcroft.[3]
Manuel Amador Guerrero, the first President of Panama and founder of the nation, died a few months after the expiration of his term of office. Fort Amador, which defends the Pacific side of the canal along with Fort Grant, was named in his honor.[4]
[edit] May 3, 1909 (Monday)Jesús Malverde, "El Rey de Sinaloa", was killed in Mexico and made his way into local folklore.
Ensign Chester Nimitz began a career in submarine warfare, taking command of the USS Plunger
The Preakness Stakes, second jewel of the Triple Crown of American horseracing, returned to Maryland and the Pimlico racetrack, after having been run since 1890 in New York.[5]
[edit] May 4, 1909 (Tuesday)Tony Malfeti body found; had been kidnapped on March 14
In Las Cruces, New Mexico, Wayne Brazel was acquitted of the February 29, 1908, murder of Pat Garrett. The trial had begun on April 19, and the jury took 15 minutes to reach the verdict that Brazel, who fired his shot while Garrett was urinating, had acted in self-defense.[6]
[edit] May 5, 1909 (Wednesday)A change in the electoral law of the German free state of Saxony took effect, providing for four different classes of voters. All taxpaying men, 25 or older, had one vote, and men with higher incomes had two, three or four votes. Men received an additional vote upon turning 50.[7]
Jackson County, Colorado, was created from the western section of Larimer County.[8]
[edit] May 6, 1909 (Thursday)The U.S. Senate ratified a treaty that had been signed in December 1904, between the United States and Russia, providing legal recognition by each nation of the corporations of the other. Prior to the signing of the agreement, American business corporations had had no legal standing in the Russian Empire.[9]
[edit] May 7, 1909 (Friday)The Pontifical Biblical Institute was founded in Rome by Pope Pius X.[10]
Albert Einstein was invited by the University of Zurich to for the newly created chair in Theoretical Physics.[11]
[edit] May 8, 1909 (Saturday)Herbert Lang and Jampes P. Chapin set off on the SS Zeeland on the first project to catalog the plant and animal species of Central Africa. The Congo Expedition of the American Museum of Natural History yielded thousands of specimens.[12]
The town of Concrete, Washington, was incorporated as a merger of the communities of Baker (which had the Superior Portland Cement Company) and Cement City (which Washington Portland Cement Company).[13] The town was featured in the 1993 Robert DeNiro and Leonardo DiCaprio film This Boy's Life.
The famous Indian "Bhawal Sanyasi "died(?) on this day – at about 7 pm at Darjeeling at "Step aside" building. His body was taken to Cremation ground – when ? – here the controversy starts and three marathon legal battles start. Ultimately the Privy Council – London upheld the theory that Kumar Ramendranath roy – alias Bhawal Sanyasi – did not die actually – but his comatose body was brought to Cremation ground – ultimately the effort was abandoned due to a whirlwind in which the corpse was stolen by some sadhus and later revived).[14]

[edit] May 9, 1909 (Sunday)Japanese sugar plantation workers in Hawaii walked out on strike, after five months of trying to get wages comparable to those paid to Portuguese and Puerto Rican laborers for the same work. By June, 7000 had walked off the job. After five months, the plantation owners relented and brought the Asian workers' pay up to par.[15]
[edit] May 10, 1909 (Monday)The American Society for Clinical Investigation (ASCI) was founded by fifteen physicians who gathered at the New Willard Hotel in Washington, D.C., to identify and honor outstanding physicians engaged in biomedical research.[16]
[edit] May 11, 1909 (Tuesday)U.S. Design Patent No. 39,984 was awarded to Harrison D. McFaddin for the "banker desk lamp" [1][17]
[edit] May 12, 1909 (Wednesday)Leopold Stokowski made his debut as a conductor, for the Colonne Orchestra in Paris.
In South Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, at least twenty employees of the Callanan Road Improvement Company were killed by the premature explosion of 1,000 pounds of dynamite as they were preparing to shoot inside a quarry, including the vice-president.[18]
[edit] May 13, 1909 (Thursday)The first Giro d'Italia, Italy's premiere bicycle race, began at 2:53 in the morning in Milan with 127 starters. On May 30, Luigi Ganna was the first of the 49 remaining riders to return to Milan for the win.[19]
The British platinum producer Lonmin was incorporated as the London and Rhodesian Mining and Land Co., Ltd.[20]
[edit] May 14, 1909 (Friday)The "Milwaukee Road" railroad (C M & S) became the sixth transcontinental railroad in the United States, with the completion of $60,000,000 five year Pacific Extension project to take the line to Seattle. With the driving of the final spike near Garrison, Montana, the official name of the Milwaukee Road became the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad.[21]
[edit] May 15, 1909 (Saturday)Saint Paulinus of Nola (354–431 AD) returned to his home in Nola, in Southern Italy, after nearly a millennium. His body had been at the Tiber Island in Rome since the 11th century. Paulinus was reinterred at the cathedral that had been dedicated there a week earlier.[22]
[edit] May 16, 1909 (Sunday)A hail storm in Uvalde County, Texas, caused major damage, but not as seriously as reported in some papers. The hailstones, some weighing as six pounds, were heavy enough to kill several cows. A San Antonio paper reported that "Damage in the amount of at least $10,000 was done in Uvalde and five or six head of stock were killed," and added "The report that several Mexicans had been killed by hail stones is not correct.".[23] Dispatches from Galveston greatly exaggerated the damage in the rest of the nation. The New York Times reported that the hailstones "are said to have measured nearly a foot and a half in circumference and ranged in weight from seven to ten pounds", and that "eight lives are reported lost, while the number of live stock killed is reported anywhere from 500 to 2,000 dead ... loss to crops and farm property will aggregate between $200,000 and $300,000. The hailstones piled up in some places four feet high.".[24] The New York Herald said that the hailstones killed rancher James Carpenter "and seven Mexican hired men".[25]
[edit] May 17, 1909 (Monday)First Lady Nellie Taft, wife of U.S. President William Taft, suffered a stroke while at the White House, impairing her speech abilities. She recovered after one year.[26]
The United States Supreme Court ruled in the case of Welch v. Swasey, 214 U.S. 191 (1909), that it upheld the right of governments to set limits on the height of buildings.[27]
[edit] May 18, 1909 (Tuesday)In Germany, patent No. 226,239 was awarded to Heinrich Hoerlein of the Bayer company for a sulfanilamide, the first synthesized sulfanomide. It was not until 1935 that the antibiotic properties of sulfanomides were realized, and the first sulfa drugs created.[28]
Menelik II, Emperor of Ethiopia, resolved the question of who would succeed him, selecting his 14 year old grandson Lij Iyasu as the heir apparent. Iyasu V reigned from 1913 to 1916, but was deposed in favor of Menelik's daughter Zauditu.[29]
[edit] May 19, 1909 (Wednesday)With 55 dancers, including Vaslav Nijinsky, the Ballets Russes opened a new era in ballet dancing, bringing the Russian ballet to the Western world. Produced by Sergei Diaghilev, the tour opened at the Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris.[30]
A. Lawrence Lowell succeeded Charles William Eliot as President of Harvard University. In his 24 years, Lowell reformed the degree requirements to introduce the concept of selecting an academic major as a primary field of study, saying "The best type of liberal education in our complex modern world aims at producing men who know a little of everything and something well."[31]
[edit] May 20, 1909 (Thursday)Saint Clement Hofbauer (1751–1820), a prominent leader of the Redemptionist movement, was canonized. He is now considered the Patron Saint of Vienna[32]
[edit] May 21, 1909 (Friday)St. Cloud, Florida, created as a community for retired Union veterans of the American Civil War, received its first resident, Albert Hantsch of Chicago.[33] By 2009, the population of St. Cloud passed 25,000.
[edit] May 22, 1909 (Saturday)Nearly 700,000 acres (2,800 km2) of federally owned land in Washington, Montana and Idaho were opened for settlement by executive order of U.S. President William Howard Taft.[34]
[edit] May 23, 1909 (Sunday)The Daily Bioscope theatre opened, introducing the British public to newsreels, the first showing of filmed news stories.[35]
The equestrian statue of Tsar Alexander III astride a horse, sculpted by Paolo Troubetskoy, was unveiled in St. Petersburg at Znamenskaya Square. After St. Petersburg was renamed Leningrad in 1924, the unpopular memorial was moved in 1937 to the backyard of the city museum. In 1994, with the city again called St. Petersburg, the statue was again moved, and placed in front of one of the Marble Palace.[36]
[edit] May 24, 1909 (Monday)Sweden became the first European nation to set aside land for national parks. The first nine established under jurisdiction of the Naturvårdsverket were Abisko, Ängsö, Garphyttan, Gotska Sandön, Hamra, Pieljekaise, Sarek, Stora Sjöfallet, and Sonfjället. May 24 is now annually commemorated as the European Day of Parks.[37]
[edit] May 25, 1909 (Tuesday)The Indian Councils Act of 1909 (9 Edw. VII, c.4) was given royal assent after passing the British parliament. For the first time, the legislative councils for the various provinces of British India would include members elected by the Indians themselves. Formerly, all members had been appointed by the Crown. Additional seats on the provincial executive councils were created, opening the way for more Indian officeholders. The Reforms of 1909 were the first step toward self-government in India.[38]
Israel Greene, who had led the United States Marines in the capture of abolitionist John Brown at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, on October 18, 1859, died at the age of 85 at his farm near Mitchell, South Dakota.[39]
[edit] May 26, 1909 (Wednesday)In the Epsom Derby in Britain, Minoru, the horse owned by King Edward VII won after the betting favorite, American-bred Sir Martin, threw his jockey.[40]
[edit] May 27, 1909 (Thursday)A meteor crashed through the roof of a house in Shepard, Texas.[41]
[edit] May 28, 1909 (Friday)The 1912 Summer Olympics games were awarded to Stockholm, in an election by acclamation at the IOC meeting in Berlin.[42]
[edit] May 29, 1909 (Saturday)Augusto B. Leguía, the President of Peru, was briefly taken hostage during an attempted coup, but rescued by loyal troops.[43] The uprising had begun four days earlier when an anti-Chinese rally of the Workers' Party degenerated into a riot in Lima. As a concession to the rioters, President Leguia halted Chinese immigration to Peru, admitting only those immigrants who had at least 500 pounds sterling in resources.[44]
The first sale of an airplane to a non-military buyer took place when the G.H. Curtiss Manufacturing Co. delivered its Curtiss No. 1, nicknamed the Golden Flyer, to the New York Aeronautical Society to complete a $5,000 purchase.[45]
[edit] May 30, 1909 (Sunday)For the first time, an airship remained aloft for more than 24 hours. Zeppelin II, with ten on board, flew 400 miles (640 km) from Friedrichshafen to Bitterfeld.[46]
Sri Aurobindo delivered what is now called by his followers as the "Uttarpara Speech", in the West Bengal city of that name.[47]
[edit] May 31, 1909 (Monday)The National Negro Conference, chaired by Charles Edward Russell and attended by 300 people, convened in New York at the United Charities building, then moved for an afternoon session to Cooper Union with 1,500 attending.[48] From the meeting emerged the National Negro Committee, which would be renamed the following year as the NAACP. As one historian would later note, "The events at the conference set the tone for future race relations within the [NAACP] movement for decades to come."[49]

June 1, 1909 (Tuesday)The Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition opened in Seattle at 8:30 am. From the White House, U.S> President William Howard Taft pressed "a telegraph key of Alaska gold" to signal the opening of the fair. A crowd of 89, 286 turned out on the first day.[1]
Andrew Fisher resigned as Prime Minister of Australia after six months. He was succeeded by Alfred Deakin, who had joined with Joseph Cook in creating the Fusion Party. Deakin, who had been premier twice before, formed a government with Cook as Minister of Defence.[2]
[edit] June 2, 1909 (Wednesday)Muhammad Da´ud Murra ibn Yusuf, ruler since 1901 of the Ouaddai Kingdom in the northern part of what is now Chad, was forced to flee after French troops succeeded in capturing the capital at Abéché. The French forces released Adam Asil from confinement and placed him on the throne as a puppet ruler, while incorporating the kingdom into French Equatorial Africa.[3]
Harmon County, Oklahoma, was created by gubernatorial proclamation after being approved in an election on May 22. The new county was named in honor of Judson Harmon, who was Governor of Ohio at the time.[4]
[edit] June 3, 1909 (Thursday)Seven months after the fatal crash that killed Lt. Thomas E. Selfridge, the Wright brothers returned to Fort Myer, Virginia, with the improved Wright Military Flyer, which passed the U.S. Army's tests and was accepted on August 2.[5]
Left with only four ships after the Russo-Japanese War, the Russian Navy commenced rebuilding. The keels were laid down for four dreadnoughts (Gangut, Poltava, Sevastopol and Petropavlovsk), which were all launched in the summer of 1911.[6]
[edit] June 4, 1909 (Friday)"Japanese Navy Day" was held at the A-Y-P Exposition in Seattle.[7]
[edit] June 5, 1909 (Saturday)The first race was held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, with three competitors setting off at 3:45 p.m. and ascending into the sky—in balloons. Six more balloons were launched at 5:00 pm for a distance race.[8] John Berry, piloting the University City landed in Alabama two days later, winning the endurance and distance races.[9]
In Somerville, Massachusetts, a butcher at the North Packing and Provision Company slaughterhouse attacked his co-workers with his 15-inch knife. Five men were killed and four more wounded before John Murphy was overpowered and arrested.[10]
[edit] June 6, 1909 (Sunday)The Hukuang Loan agreement was signed between the Imperial Chinese government and a consortium of British, German and French banks, providing that the bankers would finance the construction of two railroad lines in central China, connecting Canton, Hankow and Chengtu to the Beijing line. After the agreement was signed, the United States pressed for its own banks to be part of the program. The agreement was renegotiated, delaying construction of the railroad. Public outrage over the handling of the loan was later described as "one of the links in the chain of events that caused the revolution" of 1911, which overthrew the Empire in favor of a republic.[11]
[edit] June 7, 1909 (Monday)The Unfair Competition Act of 1909 was enacted in Germany, prohibiting five categories of anti-competitive business practices, and providing for injunctions and civil damages. Under the UWG (unlauteren wettbewerb gesetz), fishing for customers, obstructive practices, exploitation of reputation, breach of law and disturbance of the market are barred.[12]
[edit] June 8, 1909 (Tuesday)An earthquake and tsunami destroyed the town of Korinchi on the island of Sumatra, now part of Indonesia, killing at least 230.[13]
[edit] June 9, 1909 (Wednesday)Alice Huyler Ramsey set off from New York to become the first woman to drive across the United States, setting off from the Maxwell Motors dealership at 1930 Broadway Street in New York, along with three female companions. The 22-year-old housewife and mother from Hackensack reached Chicago on June 18 and the four arrived in San Francisco on August 6, 59 days and 3,800 miles after departing. John D. Murphy of the Boston Herald handled publicity for Mrs. Ramsey, traveling ahead by train to prepare for each stop. Since there were no road maps for the Western U.S., Murphy went ahead in another car and followed telephone lines in order to avoid getting lost.[14]
Ali bin Hamud al-Busaid, the Sultan of Zanzibar, decreed that compensation claims for former slaveholders would no longer be considered after the end of 1911. Slavery had been abolished in the African nation in 1897, but the practice continued unofficially. Most slaveholders were Arab clover farmers, who used black African field hands.[15]
[edit] June 10, 1909 (Thursday)The very first Lincoln cent coins were manufactured, as the Philadelphia Mint began production of the new penny, which was released into circulation on August 2. The first 25 million pennies included the initials "V.D.B.", placed on the dies designed by sculptor Victor D. Brenner, until the U.S. Mint eliminated the "signature" beginning August 12.[16]
[edit] June 11, 1909 (Friday)At 9:16 in the evening, an earthquake struck Rognes, Lambesc and neighbouring villages in Southern France, killing 46 people. Rognes was half destroyed, especially the houses on the flanks of the hill Le Foussa. People were relocated under tents on another hill Le devin and near the primary school. Would the earthquake have happened an hour later, more people would have been in bed, hence more casualties would have been recorded. The quake was the largest in France during the 20th century.[17]
George S. Patton graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, ranked 46th in his class of 103.[18]
[edit] June 12, 1909 (Saturday)Three people traveled in an airplane for the first time in history, as Louis Bleriot lifted off from Juvisy, France, in a monoplane, carrying Alberto Santos-Dumont and Fournier.[19]
The "non-magnetic" yacht Carnegie was launched. Owned by the Carnegie Institute of Washington, the small ship was designed from materials that would not interfere with the workings of a magnetic compass, making accurate measurements of the Earth's changing magnetic field possible for the first time.[20]
The ship Slavonia, with 400 passengers on board, struck the rocks off of Flores Island and sank, but all of aboard were rescued by the Princess Irene, which had been 180 miles away when a wireless call for help was received.[21]
[edit] June 13, 1909 (Sunday)Colombian President Rafael Reyes abruptly resigned and went into exile. Reyes' five year dictatorial rule, known as the "Quinquenio". the South American nation, ended after financial problems and public outrage over his recognition of Panamanian independence forced him to leave.[22]
[edit] June 14, 1909 (Monday)Four specimens of the nearly extinct West Indian seal (Monachus tropicalis), and the only ones known to be living in captivity, were brought to the New York Aquarium.[23]
Antarctic explorer Ernest Shackleton returned to a heroes welcome in London, and was knighted by King Edward VII.[24]
Prince Itō Hirobumi was forced to resign as Japan's Resident-General of Korea, at that time a Japanese protectorate, and was replaced by Baron Sone Arasuke. Ito's assassination, three months later, would lead to Korea being annexed.[25]
[edit] June 15, 1909 (Tuesday)Nilo Peçanha was sworn into office as the seventh President of Brazil, the day after the sudden death of President Afonso Pena. Peçanha, the descendant of slaves, was the only African-Brazilian president of South American's largest nation. He completed the remaining 17 months of Penna's term, serving until November 15, 1910.[26]
Representatives from England, Australia and South Africa meet at Lord's Cricket Ground to form the Imperial Cricket Conference.[27]
The cork center baseball was patented. Benjamin Shibe, later the owner of the Philadelphia Athletics, received U.S. patent No. 924,696.[28]
[edit] June 16, 1909 (Wednesday)U.S. President William Howard Taft recommended to Congress that it vote to propose an amendment to the United States Constitution to permit the federal government to levy an income tax upon persons and corporations. The Sixteenth Amendment was ratified effective February 25, 1913.[29]
[edit] June 17, 1909 (Thursday)RMS Megantic maiden voyage from Liverpool to Montreal for White Star Lines.[30]
Meeting of Kaiser and Tsar on yachts Hohenzollern and Standart [31]
[edit] June 18, 1909 (Friday)William Lorimer was sworn in as U.S. Senator from Illinois, after being elected May 26 by the Illinois Senate. After the U.S. Senate determined that the Illinois vote had been tainted by corruption, Lorimer's seat was declared vacant by a 55–28 vote taken on July 14, 1912. The Lorimer scandal was considered a factor in the ratification of the 17th Amendment, providing for U.S. Senators to be elected by popular vote.[32]
Wilbur and Orville Wright were each presented the Congressional Gold Medal "for their achievements in demonstrating to the world the potential of aerial navigation".[33]
In what was later known as the "Chinatown Trunk Mystery" 19-year old Elsie Sigel found dead at Sun Leung's chop suey restaurant. Sun Leung had reported the disappearance of his cousin, Leon Ling, to the NYPD. Sigel had been missing since June 9.[34]
[edit] June 19, 1909 (Saturday)Chicago train accident kills 11 [35]
Roger Burnham and Eleanor Waring "honeymoon in the air"-- 3½ hours, at Holbrook, Mass.[36]
[edit] June 20, 1909 (Sunday)The New York American first broke the story of Mary Mallon in its Sunday magazine, entitled "'Typhoid Mary' Most Harmless and yet the Most Dangerous Woman in America". Mallon had been quarantined since 1907 by the New York City health department because she continued to work as a cook even after being identified as a carrier of typhoid fever.[37]
[edit] June 21, 1909 (Monday)A heat wave across the eastern United States claimed its first victims, as three people collapsed in New York.[38]
Fort Mitchell, Kentucky, was incorporated as a city.
[edit] June 22, 1909 (Tuesday)Construction began on the Cape Cod Canal, which would separate Cape Cod from mainland Massachusetts, United States.[39]
The team of Bert W. Scott and C. James Smith arrived first in Seattle in a Model T Ford, to win the first transcontinental auto race and a $2,000 prize.[40]
[edit] June 23, 1909 (Wednesday)Henry Ford won a transcontinental auto race from New York to Seattle, then used the victory to promote the sale of Ford automobiles.[41]
Under pressure from Russia and Britain, Shah of Iran Muhammad Ali Shah signed into law new electoral rules and promised free elections. Muhammad Ali was deposed anyway on July 16.[42]
[edit] June 24, 1909 (Thursday)The Hope Diamond was sold at a loss for $80,000 to Louis Aucoc. The cursed diamond had been bought for the Habib collection at $400,000.[43]
The German Reichstag voted 195–187 against an inheritance tax proposed by Chancellor Bernhard von Bülow. The Chancellor, who had pushed the tax in the face of the deficits caused by the expansion of the German Navy, resigned on July 16.[44]
[edit] June 25, 1909 (Friday)Robert Eastman a/k/a Emmett E. Roberts, died of a gunshot as a sheriff's posse closed in on him at St. Michaels, Maryland. Eastman, a former stockbroker, had been sought for the June 19 slaying of Edith Woodill,[45]
Mrs. Katherine Gould was granted a separation from her husband, millionaire Howard Gould, son of the financier Jay Gould. She was also awarded an alimony of $3,000 a month by a New York court.[46]
Police in New York rounded up 21 fortune tellers for disorderly conduct, then released them upon the signing of a $1,000 peace bond, which would be payable if they used their psychic powers over the next twelve months.[47]
[edit] June 26, 1909 (Saturday)A state visit by Tsar Nicholas II to Sweden was marred by the assassination of Major General Beckman, Chief of Sweden's Coast Artillery. General Beckman was shot twice outside of Stockholm's Grand Hotel by an assassin who then killed himself. Sweden's King Gustav V hosted a state banquet for the visiting Tsar at the royal palace that evening.[48]
In Detroit, the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers voted to reject an honorary membership for Noah. Though the biblical ark builder was championed by two nominators as father of the desigining profession, the majority agreed with the sentiment that Noah was "a gamekeeper, not a designer primarily".[49]
In London, the Science Museum came into existence as an independent entity, splitting from The Art Museum (later called the Victoria and Albert Museum).[50]
[edit] June 27, 1909 (Sunday)In Springfield, Massachusetts, a riot broke out between the Turkish and Syrian communities, following an argument over a married Syrian woman. An estimated 400 people fought for more than an hour along Ferry Street before Springfield police quelled the violence. Said Burak, a leader in the Turkish community, died after being stabbed three times.[51]
[edit] June 28, 1909 (Monday)Cincinnati became the first American city to adopt daylight savings time, after the City Council, encouraged by native son President William Howard Taft, voted unanimously to enact the ordinance. Effective May 1, 1910, clocks in Cincinnati would be set ahead one hour, and would fall back on October 1, 1910.[52]
Guests dined on the roof of the White House for the first time in the history of the American presidency. Because of an ongoing heat wave, President William Howard Taft arranged to have a dinner for distinguished guests al fresco, with tables moved to the top of the West Wing.[53]
[edit] June 29, 1909 (Tuesday)The women's suffrage movement in Britain took a violent turn after WSPU leader Emmeline Pankhurst marched to Parliament to present a petition to Prime Minister Asquith. When Asquith declined to receive the delegation, Mrs. Pankhurst struck a police inspector. Outside of Parliament, hundreds of suffragettes confronted police officers and began smashing windows. Afterwards, 107 women and eight men were arrested.[54] The right to vote was granted to some women in 1918, and universal suffrage achieved in 1928.
[edit] June 30, 1909 (Wednesday)Forbes Field in Pittsburgh hosted its first event, as 30,338 spectators watched the Pittsburgh Pirates lost to the Chicago Cubs 3–2. The last game there, played on June 28, 1970, saw the Pirates beat the Cubs, 4–1.[55]

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