The Kalahari Bushmen or "San".
The legend depicted at the start of the 1980s' blockbuster The Gods must be Crazy
The egalitarian community is represented as frozen in time.
Ironically in that decade Bushman life was much disrupted (after decades of invasions by white farmers and black herders) by a bloody bush war between
pro and anti-communist forces.
Here a mere cola bottle disrupts their "pristine" existence.
The fraud around the "primitive Kalahari hunter-gatherer" image was encouraged by pseudo-anthropology and documentary film since 1900.
Here it entered international film.
Since 1994 the Bushmen within the SA part of the Kalahari (the Khomani) were given land.
Disputes arose between who was a Bushman, and who was part of the related "coloured" community.
The Bushmen were harassed by police - mainly due to their traditional use of dagga (cannabis).
However, the Khomani capitalized on their image and dress, and even toured the country to raise awareness.
Today the main issue is the eviction of Bushmen from their erstwhile colonial reserve in Botswana, in order to facilitate diamond mining.
Here is a clip from SA that challenges romantic movie notions: Death of a Bushman
edit on 16-12-2010 by halfoldman because: (no reason given)