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States Parties to the Treaty shall bear international responsibility for national activities in outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, whether such activities are carried on by governmental agencies or by non-governmental entities, and for assuring that national activities are carried out in conformity with the provisions set forth in the present Treaty. The activities of non-governmental entities in outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, shall require authorization and continuing supervision by the appropriate State Party to the Treaty.
There are five treaties that govern international affairs in space, said Hedman. Two of them -- the Outerspace Treaty and the 1979 Moon Agreement -- deal with lunar law.
The Outer Space Treaty provides a legal framework for the international use of space for peaceful purposes, including the moon and other celestial bodies. Widely considered the "Magna Carta of space law," this treaty lays down the fundamental principle of non-appropriation and that the exploration and use of space shall be the province of all mankind.
According to the treaty, states bear international responsibility for national activities in space, including by non-governmental entities. The Outer Space Treaty says governments cannot claim ownership of the lunar surface and that stations and installations on the moon shall be open to others, said Hedman.
The Moon Agreement builds upon the Outer Space Treaty but also says that any natural resources found on the moon are part of "the common heritage of mankind" - in other words, they must be shared.
Getting people, equipment, materials, food, water, and breathable air, out of our atmosphere would be the prime obstacle.
It doesn't matter if the moon is governed or has intergalactic laws in place, our terrestial government has those laws in place.
A rogue coalition would need to set up and have virtually unlimited funding to skirt any of these man made laws. Even then, they might be bombed beforehand. A private endeavor would be impossible due to all backlash. Its fine if a guy wants to spend out the yahoo to get into space, but to colonize the moon. The international community won't allow it.
Yes, space flight has been privatised, but not outer space in general. The same rules and regulations still apply (ie. The Outer Space Treaty and the 1979 Moon Agreement) and everyone must obey them.
Yes, they have the right to explore space, but they do not have the right to claim celestial bodies as their own nor are they able to establish military bases or installations. As the treaty states: