I have been finding links to the dutch ,netherlands , VOC ..dutch east indies company .the dutch west indies company ...Henry Hudson worked for the
VOC and probably the west indies co . The Dutch controlled the Slave trade supplying slaves from one contenant to the other . here is some of what I
found just using wiki ...To add to the above ....I am getting this from en.wikipedia.org...
I think The Dutch hired the French ,English,Italy, and anyone else they had a mind to ..
Dutch West India Company (Dutch: Geoctroyeerde Westindische Compagnie or GWIC; English: Chartered West India Company) was a chartered company
(known as the "GWC") of Dutch merchants. Among its founding fathers was Willem Usselincx (1567-1647?). On June 2, 1621, it was granted a charter for
a trade monopoly in the West Indies (meaning the Caribbean) by the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands and given jurisdiction over the African
slave trade, Brazil, the Caribbean, and North America. The area where the company could operate consisted of West Africa (between the Tropic of Cancer
and the Cape of Good Hope) and the Americas, which included the Pacific Ocean and the eastern part of New Guinea. The intended purpose of the charter
was to eliminate competition, particularly Spanish or Portuguese, between the various trading posts established by the merchants. The company became
instrumental in the Dutch colonization of the Americas.
The company was initially relatively successful; in the 1620s and 1630s, many trade posts or colonies were established. The New Netherland area,
which included New Amsterdam, covered parts of present-day New York, Connecticut, Delaware, and New Jersey. Other settlements were established on the
Netherlands Antilles, several other Caribbean islands, Suriname and Guyana. The largest success for the GWC in its history was the seizure of the
Spanish silver fleet, which carried silver from Spanish colonies to Spain, by Piet Heyn in 1628; privateering was at first the most profitable
activity. In 1630, the colony of New Holland (capital Mauritsstad, present-day Recife) was formed, taking over Portuguese possessions in Brazil. In
Africa, posts were established on the Gold Coast (now Ghana) and briefly in Angola. In the Americas, fur (North America) and sugar (South America)
were the most important trade goods, while African settlements traded slaves—mainly destined for the plantations on the Antilles and
Suriname—gold, and ivory.
Henry Hudson (c. 1560/70s – 1611?) was an English sea explorer and navigator in the early 17th century. After several voyages on behalf of
English merchants to explore a prospective Northeast Passage to India, Hudson explored the region around modern New York City while looking for a
western route to Asia under the auspices of the Dutch East India Company. He explored the river which eventually was named for him, and laid
thereby the foundation for Dutch colonization of the region.
Note that Hudson was responcible for the Dutch settlements of North America ... Hudson discovered a strait and immense bay on his final expedition
while searching for the Northwest Passage. In 1611, after wintering on the shore of James Bay, Hudson wanted to press on to the west, but most of his
crew mutinied. The mutineers cast Hudson, his son and others adrift, and no one saw him or his companions again. The Treaty between the Iroquois
and representatives of the Dutch government was made in 1613 ...2 years after hudson was in New York.
In 1609, Hudson was chosen by the Dutch East India Company to find an easterly passage to Asia. He was told to sail through the Arctic Ocean north
of Russia, into the Pacific and so to the Far East. Hudson departed Amsterdam on April 4 in command of the Dutch ship Halve Maen. He could not
complete the specified route because ice blocked the passage, as with all previous such voyages, and he turned the ship around in mid-May while
somewhere east of Norway's North Cape. At that point, acting entirely outside his instructions, Hudson pointed the ship west to try to find a passage
in that direction.
Hudson River The river was called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk, the Great Mohegan, by the Iroquois, or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in
The Hudson was named the "North River" by the Dutch, who called the Delaware River the "South River." The name "North River" was used in the New
York City area up until the early 1900s, with limited use continuing into the modern day. The term persists in radio communication among commercial
shipping traffic, especially below Tappan Zee.
It was the English who originated the use of the name "Hudson"—because Hudson had found the river while exploring for the Dutch
The Dutch Empire grew to become one of the major seafaring and economic powers of the 17th century. In the Dutch Golden Age ("Gouden Eeuw"),
colonies and trading posts were established all over the world. Dutch settlement in North America began with the founding of New Amsterdam, on the
southern tip of Manhattan in 1614. In South Africa, the Dutch settled the Cape Colony in 1652. By 1650, the Dutch owned 16,000 merchant ships.
During the 17th century, the Dutch population increased from an estimated 1.5 million to almost 2 million
Many economic historians regard the Netherlands as the first thoroughly capitalist country in the world. In early modern Europe it featured the
wealthiest trading city (Amsterdam) and the first full-time stock exchange. The inventiveness of the traders led to insurance and retirement funds as
well as phenomena such as the boom-bust cycle, the world's first asset-inflation bubble, the tulip mania of 1636–1637, and, according to Murray
Sayle, the world's first bear raider, Isaac le Maire, who forced prices down by dumping stock and then buying it back at a discount. The republic
went into a state of general decline in the later 18th century, with economic competition from England and long standing rivalries between the two
main factions in Dutch society, the Staatsgezinden (Republicans) and the Prinsgezinden (Royalists or Orangists) as main factors.
I will end for now but we can see that some info I have pulled of wiki seems to have missing info ...where was Hudson borne? In one search about
hudson it says the Dutch sent him back to England ....I found a story and I forget where but It said t hat Hudson orignally named the Hudson river
after a captain he searved under ..It was a dutch name ???...peace