posted on Nov, 26 2010 @ 07:27 PM
reply to post by ExPostFacto
I believe it's more like a state of matter we haven't reached before that behaves like a liquid. Hows matter held together? Well, as far as I
understand the theory, think of it like this:
This is more analogous: You take some water and freeze it, you are removing energy from the system. The water turns to ice and you have a solid block
Now you fire a blowtorch at the ice and it melts back into water. You are pumping energy into the system, enough for the atoms to become energetic,
change state and become a liquid.
Ok, so whats actually going on here? Hadrons (the things colliding) are subatomic particles made up of smaller building block particles called quarks.
More specifically we're colliding protons.
Quarks are held together by whats referred to as the Strong Nuclear Force which keeps them attracted to one another, like really strong magnets. This
force is mediated by another particle called a gluon.
Like with the magnet, in order to seperate them, you must exceed the energy level of the force holding them together.
The LHC energy levels are in excess of the Strong Nuclear Force which is causing the protons to break apart into their composite quarks and what you
get is a mess of free quarks and gluons in a plasma state- a state of matter which we have only just reached!
So what holds matter together? In theory it's what we called the Strong Nuclear Force. What we're doing is exceeding that force to reach new states of
matter that we have never seen before. Cream of gluon soup anyone?
Edit: So yea, I guess, temperature/energy (or lack there of) is what allows the fundemental forces to have an effect on matter and hold it together
edit on 26/11/10 by strangequark because: See edit