reply to post by Aeons
The Moon is inside the magnetosphere generated by the Earth-Sun interaction for a significant range of its orbit.
NO, not at all, not at any portion of its orbit. The Earth's magnetic field does NOT extend that far.
During the human lunar landings, the phase of the moon was New so the Moon would have been inside of the influence of this interaction.
???? NO. What we call the phase of the Moon, when seen from the Earth, "New", it is night time on the hemisphere that faces us. If you were to be
on the Moon, on line of longitude exactly in the center of the hemisphere that we see from Earth, then at the "New Moon" it would be the equivalent
of a Lunar "midnight" for you. The ~336-hour long lunar night would be just half-way over, for you, there. IF you could be there.
In astronomical terminology, the phrase new moon is the lunar phase that occurs when the Moon, in its monthly orbital motion around Earth, lies
between Earth and the Sun, and is therefore in conjunction with the Sun as seen from Earth. At this time, the dark (unilluminated) portion of the Moon
faces almost directly toward Earth, so that the Moon is not visible to the naked eye.
( "New Moon" is also the subtitle for some movie about vampires. No wonder the general ill-educated public are so confused, sometimes....
Obviously, Apollo missions didn't land in total darkness, in the middle of the lunar "night". The chose a time that is a bit like 8:00 - 9:00 on
Earth.....early to mid-morning. Several reasons: Long shadows, primarily, for better depth perception during the landings. AN alien environment
like that, there are no familiar objects to give a person a sense of scale, either. You'd be surprised how much you rely on your already-set
understanding of relative sizes --- a house, a phone pole, etc --- and completely take it for granted, here in a familiar environment like the
Other reason for the early morning (as opposed to late afternoon, where there would also be long shadows) was the temperature. AFTER a full lunar
"day", into the "afternoon" time, the surface would be much hotter. Landing when they did provided the best compromise for lighting, and heating
The space station, and all the other manned flights have been inside of the area of this sphere.
It isn't really a "sphere". But, yes, the ISS is in LEO, so within other layers of the magnetic field. HOWEVER, the trips out to the Moon (were
manned) exited the protection of the magnetosphere. (Do not see that word "sphere" there and think "round". It has a different meaning. Like,
our atmosphere. "Sphere of influence", etc.)
Here's a nice cut-away drawing diagram:
And, you should read this article that comes with the image. FACTS, not speculations and fantasies, please....