Your theory is a novel idea, but I see it as being far too impractical to put in use. I can't address the symbolism of Egyptian art (winged mirrors,
for instance) since I lack the education of an Egyptologist, but I think I can address some of the basic mechanics of your theory.
To begin with, without a gondola-mounted burner, the balloons wouldn't remain aloft very long, and the action of refilling them with hot air would be
far too cumbersome and distracting when the overall goal is to lift stone blocks up the pyramid. With all the problems that come with handling a
balloon, and the fact that wind direction and weather now become factors, a balloon would only have slowed them down.
A major problem with this theory is how do you attach a 2.5 ton block to any length of rope to drag it up the side of the pyramid. This is a similar
problem exposed in Franz Löhner's theory (posted here
) - the lengthy ropes needed to
make it work. The longer the rope, the more prone it becomes to breakage. A broken rope would have turned the stone, in mid-lift, into a deadly
missile aimed to the workers below. Additionally, with your theory, the weight of the rope would also have to be factored in, along with
, from dragging the stone block up the side of the pyramid. You're not lifting just 2.5 tons, you're lifting 2.5 tons plus weight of
rope plus a coefficient of friction.
When it comes to attaching a rope to a stone block, the Egyptians relied on stone bosses, left on the block for that purpose, then chiseled off after
the block was in place. A block over the King's chamber portcullis still shows such a boss. This was how Greeks also attached their ropes to blocks.
The downside is this isn't a very firm way to affix a length of rope to a block. One slippage and block tumbles free. So to attach ropes to a block
for your theory or Löhner's theory would mean practically swaddling the block in rope and knots, then leaving yourself an anchor to attach it to
your lifting mechanism - while avoiding abrading the rope at the edges as it's being dragged around. None of these methods sound very practical.
Your images also seem to depict ropes looping through pulleys, or at least a "rope-roll" ala Löhner, and here again friction would become a big
factor. I think what you would have ended up with is a very lengthy, heavy course Egyptian rope looped though a number of pulleys attached to a very
heavy weight, a balloon attached at the end of it all (assuming they could get such a thing aloft), and none of it going anywhere due to friction.
Your theory also would imply that the majority of the time stone blocks were being moved about in the traditional sense, dragging and levering them
into place. With Andrzej Bochnacki theory (also posted here
), this is the same method
used when lifting
the blocks, so the same skill sets are being employed. Your method would require blocks to be deposited near the "balloon
lift" by traditional means (dragging, levering) then switched over to the rope/pulley/balloon lift technique to get them up the pyramid face, then
switching back to the traditional means of transport (dragging and levering). I see this as adding to the confusion among workers and overly
complicating the transportation of stone. With Bochnacki theory, which closely matches Herodotus' description (albeit 2,000 years after the fact),
the same skills are used throughout the entire process of transporting the stones and lifting them into place. Simple dragging the levering into
place. You could easily have dozens
or teams (or multiple dozens) lifting blocks up the face of the pyramid ala Herodotus/Bochnacki's method
for one of your balloon lifts.