posted on Sep, 18 2010 @ 05:20 AM
Is transhumanism a branch of eugenics? Is eugenics a branch of transhumanism? To what degree, if any, are the two sciences morally acceptable?
What should be the limits on human augmentation?
Since a lot of people don't know what either word means, ill cite definitions:
Transhumanism is an international intellectual and cultural movement supporting the use of science and technology to improve human mental and physical
characteristics and capacities. The movement regards aspects of the human condition, such as disability, suffering, disease, aging, and involuntary
death as unnecessary and undesirable. Transhumanists look to biotechnologies and other emerging technologies for these purposes. Dangers, as well as
benefits, are also of concern to the transhumanist movement.
Eugenics is "the study of, or belief in, the possibility of improving the qualities of the human species or a human population by such means as
discouraging reproduction by persons having genetic defects or presumed to have inheritable undesirable traits (negative eugenics) or encouraging
reproduction by persons presumed to have inheritable desirable traits (positive eugenics)." Eugenics was widely popular in the early decades of
the 20th century, but has fallen into disfavor after having become associated with Nazi Germany. Since the postwar period, both the public and the
scientific communities have associated eugenics with Nazi abuses, such as enforced racial hygiene, human experimentation, and the extermination of
"undesired" population groups. However, developments in genetic, genomic, and reproductive technologies at the end of the 20th century have raised
many new questions and concerns about the meaning of eugenics and its ethical and moral status in the modern era.