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Sizes of Planets and Celestial Bodies

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posted on Sep, 16 2010 @ 05:54 AM
The Daily Mail can take the credit for drawing my attention to this site:

It's a truly fascinating demonstration (for want of a better word) of how small the Earth is in comparison to other bodies found in the Universe.

Sit and be amazed as the slide show starts off with Planet Earth and goes on to illustrate the planets in our solar system and their size in relation to the giants of the Universe - going up to VY Canis Majoris.

Hmmm - I thought this would just be a picture of Earth - but hey.......

edit on 16-9-2010 by berenike because: Edit to add picture

posted on Sep, 16 2010 @ 06:15 AM
Here is information on VY Canis Majoris - the largest known star in the Universe:

VY Canis Majoris (VY CMa) is a red hypergiant star located in the constellation Canis Major. With a size of 2600 solar radii, it is the largest known star and also one of the most luminous known. It is located about 1.5 kiloparsecs (4.6×1016 km) or about 4,900 light years away from Earth. Unlike most stars, which occur in either binary or multiple star systems, VY CMa is a single star (i.e. does not have any stellar companions). It is categorized as a semiregular variable and has an estimated period of 6,275,081 days, or just under 17,200 years.

Info on Mu Cephai:

A very luminous red supergiant, one of the largest and brightest stars visible not only to the naked eye but in the entire Galaxy. It lies in the constellation Cepheus and is associated with a large region of nebulosity known as IC 1396 or the Garnet Star Nebula.

V509 Cassiopeiae - this is a great site for stars:

V509 Cas (or HD 217476 or HR 8752) is a yellow hypergiant, which semiregularly changes its brightness. It resembles to the bigger Rho Cas, which is nearly in the same direction. The state of evolution of V509 Cas is unknown. Maybe it has just started to become a red supergiant, maybe it is shortly before collapsing.

V838 Monocerotis from Hubble:

he unusual variable star V838 Monocerotis (V838 Mon) continues to puzzle astronomers. This previously inconspicuous star underwent an outburst early in 2002, during which it temporarily increased in brightness to become 600,000 times more luminous than our Sun. Light from this sudden eruption is illuminating the interstellar dust surrounding the star, producing the most spectacular "light echo" in the history of astronomy.


Brightest star in the constellation Scorpio, the Scorpion. 16th brightest star in the sky (apparent visual magnitude = 0.9)

edit on 16-9-2010 by berenike because: Edit to add more stars

posted on Sep, 16 2010 @ 06:47 AM
Congrats on the thread....I was utterly captivated. As the animation kept going with the planet size, my eyes got wider and wider as it went. I knew there were mega stars out there, but...holy %@#$ that was incredible.

Reading some of the links you put on, great stuff.

posted on Sep, 16 2010 @ 07:59 AM
reply to post by Brad-H

Thanks - you've pretty much described my reaction too


Here is more info on the stars illustrated. There are a few gaps, but I'm posting as many as I can in descending order of size.


The diameter of the star is about 650 times the diameter of the sun. According to Burnham the star fluctuates irregularly in brightness over a period of years and has been seen to vary by up to a factor of two in luminosity. Betelgeuse is also pulsates irregularly in size. Burnham suggests that the diameter of the star may vary as much as 60%.


The brightest star in the constellation Taurus, the 13th brightest star in the sky, the most luminous star within 100 light-years of the Sun, and one of the nearest red giants. Its Arabic name, meaning "the Follower," refers to its apparent pursuit of the Pleiades across the sky. Aldebaran lies in front of the Hyades cluster but is not physically associated with it, being only half as far away. As part of a zodiacal constellation, it is close to the Sun's path, the Sun passing to the north of it around June 1; it is also regularly occulted by the Moon. Aldebaran is one of the easiest stars to find in the night sky. Simply follow the three stars of Orion's Belt from left to right (in the Northern Hemisphere) or right to left (in the Southern) and the first bright star you come to is Aldebaran.


The pulsating blue supergiant Rigel has a diameter of about 100 million kilometres, some seventy times that of the Sun. In the far distance a double blue star is visible - Rigel's much less luminous companions.


Here's another great site for information on stars:

edit on 16-9-2010 by berenike because: Edit to add more stars

posted on Sep, 16 2010 @ 08:30 AM
I like the presentation OP. Imagine if the Star systems with the larger stars have solar systems to match with large planets. S&F

posted on Sep, 16 2010 @ 08:31 AM

Arcturus is the brightest star in the constellation Bootes, and the fourth brightest star in the night sky, with a visual magnitude of -0.05, after Sirius, Canopus and Alpha Centauri. It is the second brightest star visible from northern latitudes and the brightest star in the northern celestial hemisphere. The star is in the Local Interstellar Cloud. An easy way to find Arcturus is to follow the arc of the handle of the Big Dipper.


Go out and look towards Orion. In the northern hemisphere, you will see two stars up and to the left of Orion about a couple of fists width away (in the southern hemisphere, they will be down and to the right). These are the stars Castor and Pollux. Castor is the more northern one, and Pollux is the brighter one (and if you look carefully, it has a slight orange hue to it). Castor and Pollux are the heads of the twins of the constellation Gemini.


For those who want to know more about the mythology of the stars, here is a good site:

edit on 16-9-2010 by berenike because: Edit to add more stars

posted on Sep, 16 2010 @ 09:31 AM
To expand the thread a little, here is a list of the Babylonian names and mythology for 50 major stars:


Arrow (Sirius & probably other adjacent stars in Canis Major) Although closely associated with the constellation of the Bow, the Arrow is always treated separately in Babylonian tradition. The annual rising of the Arrow marked the summer solstice when the sun was at its maximum height above the horizon. The Arrow was probably chosen for this role as it is the man-made object that can reach highest into the heavens. Similarly, the bird on a high perch, which is often seen besides the Arrow in ancient artwork, can also be thought of as representing the sun at its highest station.

Little bit more about Babylonian Astronomy:

Assyrian star map from Nineveh (K 8538). Counterclockwise from bottom: Sirius (Arrow), Pegasus + Andromeda (Field + Plough), [Aries], the Pleiades, Gemini, Hydra + Corvus + Virgo, Libra. Drawing by L.W.King with corrections by J.Koch. Neue Untersuchungen zur Topographie des Babilonischen Fixsternhimmels (Wiesbaden 1989), p. 56ff.

edit on 16-9-2010 by berenike because: Edit to add more text and picture

posted on Sep, 16 2010 @ 09:35 AM
reply to post by berenike

Un-freakin-believable! I had seen some of this before, but put all in one place is awesome! Thanks much

posted on Sep, 25 2010 @ 03:49 PM
Two words: God Damn.

Thats amazing...i knew Canis Majoris was the biggest star ever, but all these other ones? I never knew about them...the sheer size of the CM is crazy.

Could we fit our solar system, including the Oort cloud in side of CM comfortably? Anyone know?

posted on Sep, 25 2010 @ 04:16 PM
reply to post by 8fl0z

I can't answer your question, but you may be interested in this article that was in the paper today. It's a graphic of what our solar system would look like to an alien astronomer - according to NASA. There is a video included:

Scientists have used a Nasa supercomputer to work out what our solar system would look like to alien astronomers searching for other planets.
New simulations have tracked the interactions of thousands of dust grains to how this view might have changed as our planetary system matured.
And astronomers hope that the new view could help them learn how to spot planets orbiting distant stars.

edit on 25-9-2010 by berenike because: edit to add text and picture

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