In a few weeks we in the U S will once again go to the polls and vote for those whom we wish to lead and represent us at various levels of our
government. I have heard some people ask "if there is really a need in going to vote?"
All I can say to them is; "YES!" and it gets more important with every passing election.
At this time I would like to bring up some documentation about a little discussed matter of the continuation of government of our country. If the
current trend is allowed to continue we may well see the end of democracy within our life times. It may appear that I am attempting to scare someone
by saying this. Well if that is what it takes to get the American people to realize the position we are in; then so be it.
As it now stands, the United States of America is but one executive order from losing our democratic-republic form of government forever.
We are literally one stroke of the pin from having a dictator take all of our freedoms away.
If we are not vigilant in choosing those whom we elect to these high offices, Presidential and Congressional, we could well live to regret the choices
we make. We should not only be aware of those who wish to be elected to national offices but also to those who wish to "serve" us in any lesser
As it is now set-up, our present President or the next or the next could institute a national emergency of sufficient magnitude which would allow them
to declare martial law. Under the articles of the Continuation of Government they could then sieze all power over the U S. Please note that both
major political parties have contributed to this situation and I am not saying which, if either party, would be more inclined to take the final step.
I am concerned more about such actions being made possible.
On it's face, this may not seem to be very much; but, look closely and concider the possibilities.
Historical Roots of the Continuation of Government Authority
COG is then defined as:
"a coordinated effort within the Federal Government's executive branch to ensure that National Essential Functions continue to be performed during a
COG roots go back to the June 1947 National Security Act (as amended) that merged the Departments of War and Navy into the National Military
Establishment (NME), including a separate Department of the Air Force headed by a Secretary of Defense - in August 1949, NME renamed the Department of
In the early 1950s, Truman approved construction of a massive 200,000 square foot underground facility along the Maryland - Pennsylvania border, 65
miles north of Washington. Officially called the Alternate Joint Communications Center (Site-R at Raven Rock), it was one of 96 Federal Relocation
Centers (or Federal Relocation Arc) around the nation's capital for government and Pentagon use in case of nuclear war.
On December 1, 1950, Truman's EO 10186 established the Federal Civil Defense Administration (FCD
A) within the Office of Emergency Management (OEM), to oversee federal emergency planning.
On December 16, 1950, EO 10193 created the Office of Defense Mobilization (ODM), to mobilize civilians, industries, and government agencies to defend
the nation in an emergency. Other measures followed to establish procedures under emergency conditions if the country was attacked.
On April 17, 1952, Truman's EO 10346 ordered the FCDA to coordinate "continuity" plans within the federal government in case of nuclear war.
On July 1, 1958, Reorganization Plan No. 1 merged the FCDA and ODM into the Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization (OCDM), to ensure continuation of
essential government and industry functions under national emergency conditions.
On October 28, 1969, Nixon's EO 11490 directed government officials to ensure the continuation of "essential functions" in case of an emergency. It
also directed department heads to develop succession of office plans, overseen by the Office of Emergency Preparedness (OEP) - called a thin line
between government and dictatorship, according to some.
In 1970, future Reagan administration FEMA head, Louis O. Giuffrida, advocated martial law in case of mass civil unrest, specifically recommending
placing millions of "American negroes" in "assembly centers or relocation camps."
On May 5, 1972, the Office of Civil Defense (OCD) became the Defense Civil Preparedness Agency (DCPA) to "provide preparedness assistance planning in
all areas of civil defense and natural disasters."
In March 1976, The Progressive published an article about Mount Weather, a secret underground facility, 50 miles north of Washington, to house a
parallel executive branch ready to take over government under emergency conditions.
On April 1, 1979, FEMA was established to oversee federal planning for natural disasters, including nuclear and terrorist attacks. Purportedly to help
victims, it, in fact, serves federal authorities, including administering continuity measures if needed. Its Office of National Continuity Programs
(NCP) is the "Lead Agent for the Federal Executive Branch on matters concerning continuity of national operations under the gravest of
On September 14, 1982, Ronald Reagan's (secret) National Security Decision Directive/NSDD 55 established a National Program Office (NPO), tasked with
ensuring the federal government's survive in case of a national emergency, specifically a nuclear attack.
In 1988, Reagan's Executive Order 12656 authorized a COG response, including full-scale militarization in case of a "national security emergency,"
"Any occurrence, including natural disaster, military attack, technological or other emergency, that seriously degrades or seriously threatens the
national security of the United States."
The policy remained largely in place under GHW Bush's April 1990 National Security Directive (NSD) 37, June 1992 NSD 69 (both titled Enduring
Constitutional Government), and Bill Clinton's October 1998 Presidential Decision Directive/National Security Council (PDD/NSC) 67, titled Enduring
Constitutional Government and Continuity of Government Operations, stating:
It "relates to enduring constitutional government, continuity of operations (COOP) planning, and continuity of government (COG) operations....to
ensure survival of a constitutional form of government and the continuity of essential Federal functions."
On 9/11, from 9:45 - 9:56AM EDT, NSC counterterrorism adviser Richard A. Clarke activated COG, ordering all federal agencies "to activate an
alternative command post, an alternative headquarters outside of Washington, DC, and to staff it as soon as possible."
In addition, key officials went to secure locations, including Dick Cheney, House Speaker Dennis Hastert, and other Republican and Democrat leaders,
after which a "shadow government" was formed, perhaps still in ready to be reactivated under emergency conditions.
According to the 9/11 Commission, it was without elaboration, but consider what followed - an array of police state actions by Executive Orders (EOs),
National and Homeland Security Presidential Directives, legislation, and other disturbing measures, targeting designated domestic and foreign
adversaries, dissent, civil liberties, human rights, and other democratic freedoms, including an assault on the Bill of Rights. What followed
-- the October 8, 2001 Executive Order (EO) 13228 establishing two Executive agencies: the Office of Homeland
Security (OHS) "to develop and implement a national strategy to coordinate federal, state, and local counterterrorism efforts
to secure the country from and respond to terrorist threats or attacks and the Homeland;" Security Council (HSC) "to advise the President on
homeland security matters, mirroring the role the National Security Council (NSC) plays in national security;"
-- the October 2001 USA Patriot Act, eroding First, Fourth, Fifth, and Fourteenth Amendment protections, including free association, due process,
freedom from illegal searches and seizures, and privacy; the crime of "domestic terrorism" was also established, thereafter targeting animal and
environmental activists and other US citizens; in February 2010, Obama extended the law with little notice;
-- the November 2001 Military Order Number 1, authorizing the president to capture, kidnap or otherwise arrest non-citizens (and later citizens)
anywhere in the world for any reason, and detain them indefinitely without charge, evidence, due process or judicial fairness protections of law;
-- in April 2002, the US Northern Command (NORTHCOM) was established, militarizing the homeland for the first time, authorizing federal troops in
American communities in case of emergencies, including terrorist attacks and civil unrest;
-- the November 2002 Homeland Security Act (HSA), creating the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), combining previously separate federal agencies
under one authority to prepare for, prevent, and respond to domestic emergencies and give Washington new police state powers; the US Immigration and
Customs Enforcement agency (ICE) is its largest investigative and enforcement arm, targeting suspected criminal and terrorist threats, including
undocumented immigrants by their presence, treating them repressively like common criminals;
-- the October 2006 Military Commissions Act authorized torture and sweeping unconstitutional powers to detain, interrogate, and prosecute alleged
suspects and collaborators (including US citizens), detain them indefinitely in military prisons, and deny them habeas and other legal protections;
-- in October 2006, provisions in Sections 333 and 1076 of the FY 2007 Defense Authorization Act amended the 1807 Insurrection Act and 1878 Posse
Comitatus Act, prohibiting federal or National Guard troops use for law enforcement unless congressionally authorized in emergencies like an
insurrection; now the president can claim a public emergency, declare martial law, suspend the Constitution, and deploy military forces on US streets,
including to suppress dissent;
-- extrajudicial domestic surveillance became institutionalized;
-- a vast, secret offshore gulag was established, besides the few known ones at Guantanamo, in Iraq, and Afghanistan;
-- indefinite preventive detentions were authorized for persons who can't be prosecuted, yet are claimed (without
evidence) to endanger America;
-- torture became official policy;
-- In January 2009, HR 645: National Emergency Centers Establishment Act was introduced, referred to
committee, but thus far not passed "To direct the Secretary of Homeland Security to establish national emergency
centers on military installations," six in major regions, modeled on Guantanamo, militarizing FEMA to run them; and
-- various other measures were enacted, hardening repressive domestic rule, heading for extrajudicial martial law to quell expected or ongoing civil
If exercised, presidents may:
-- seize property;
-- organize and control the means of production;
-- seize commodities;
-- deploy military forces abroad and now at home;
-- declare martial law;
-- seize and control all transportation, communications, and commerce;
-- restrict travel, and
-- in most ways control the lives of US citizens, including arresting and detaining them.
COG authority is renewed annually. Thus, on September 10, 2009, the White House extended the Bush administration's 9/11 national emergency, a press
"CONTINUATION OF THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY WITH RESPECT TO CERTAIN TERRORIST ATTACKS
Consistent with sections 202(d) of the National Emergencies Act, 50 U.S.C. 1622(d), I am continuing for 1 year the national emergency declared on
September 14, 2001, in Proclamation 7463, with respect to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and the continuing and immediate threat of
further attacks on the United States.
Because the terrorist threat continues, the national emergency declared on September 14, 2001, and the powers and authorities adopted to deal with
that emergency, must continue in effect beyond September 14, 2009. Therefore, I am continuing in effect for an additional year the national emergency
the former President declared on September 14, 2001, with respect to the terrorist threat.
White House officials draw "no distance between their own policies and those left behind by the Bush administration." The White House said only that
current policy is "settled." In other words, the plan, like the "war on terror," is open-ended, in violation of the Constitution's Separation of
Powers, the document George Bush called "just a goddamn piece of paper," and governed accordingly throughout his tenure, a practice Obama
Other Obama-Declared National Emergencies
Remember last year's Swine Flu "threat." The World Health Organization (WHO) declared a global pandemic affecting "as many as two billion people
(over) the next two years," calling the virus "unstoppable." It was falsified hype. Yet, on April 26, 2009, the Department of Health and Human
Services (HHS) issued a "Determination that a Public Emergency Exists," and DHS Secretary Janet Napolitano "issued a public health emergency
declaration" on April 27.
Then on October 24, Obama declared a "National Emergency with Respect to the 2009 H1N1 Influenza Pandemic," although none existed. Though none of
what was feared happened, it gave Washington, state and local governments unprecedented power to order mass inoculations, those refusing subject
quarantines, fines, or imprisonment.
In June 2010, S. 3480: Protecting Cyberspace as a National Asset Act was introduced, referred to committee, approved unanimously, but so far not
enacted. Called an Internet Kill Switch bill, it empowers the president (on national security grounds) to shut down the Internet, disconnect its
networks, and force web sites, blogs, providers, search engines and software companies to "immediately comply with any (DHS) emergency measure or
action," or face fines or closure.
In other words, on the pretext of a national emergency, true or false, the Executive may shut down the media's last free and open space, quashing
First Amendment freedoms, Obama in May 2009 saying:
"In this information age, one of your greatest assets - in our case, our ability to communicate to a wide range of supporters through the Internet -
could also be one of your greatest vulnerabilities, (adding that) America's economic prosperity....depend(s) on cybersecurity, (at the same time
claiming) Al Qaeda and other terrorist groups (might) unleash a cyber attack on our country (by) a few key strokes on a computer - a weapon of mass