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In the Golan heights area there are hundreds of dolmens (prehistoric megalith tombs), which were erected at the early middle bronze period (about 30 C BC). The tombs may have been of nomad tribes who buried their dead in central holy places.
Some of the dolmens were reused for secondary burials long after they have been erected.
ISRAEL MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
At the center of the circles is a cairn, an irregular heap of stones. It is 20-25 m. in diameter and preserved to a height of 6 m. The cairn consists of a central mound of stones surrounded by a lower belt, which gives it the appearance of a stepped, truncated cone. A geophysical survey using Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) revealed the pile of stones to be hollow. A built burial chamber, with a narrow corridor leading to it, was discovered there. The chamber is round, roughly 2 m. in diameter, built of large stone plates arranged on top of each other, but slightly slanting inwards. It was covered by two massive slabs of basalt, each weighing over 5.5 tons, which created a semi-corbelled dome over the burial chamber.
The ancients could determine the equinoxes at the Rujm al-Hiri site with the help of two stones, two meters high and five meters wide, that were placed at the eastern end of the area. On the basis of the autumnal equinox and the vernal equinox, the inhabitants could estimate, accordingly, the first rains, after which came the sowing season, and the searing east winds of the summer.
Ancient astronomy: an encyclopaedia of cosmologies and myths p367 By Clive L. N. Ruggles
Various astronomical alignments have been identified at the site. the clearest being the solstitial alignment of the northeast entrance, which is reflected in the orientation of the later burial chamber. Curiously though, the southeast entrance is not aligned upon the other soltitial axis: it is too far to the south. On the other hand, two exceptionally large boulders could have referenced sunrise close to the equinox, and it has been suggested that the purpose of this was to indicate that the first spring rains wee imminent, allowing final preparations to be made for water to be efficiently collected for irrigation. Statistical analysis of over thirty radial wall segments suggest that they may have been used as stellar sighting devices
Originally posted by hangedman13
Cool a thread with lots of pictures That pic with the guy waving was to cool! I had to do a double take after reading it was a person waving It is amazing that ancient man went through the effort to erect something so big. What always gets me is how many large scale constructions were made in antiquity. I mean ancient man built some very large and very complex structures where ever he[they] was. Seems like there would be a overall purpose to all of them.
Originally posted by kauskau
thx for the photos. Really interesting. Its really worth it to inform more about stonehendge as u can really see that this people of the stoneage were smart as #
Originally posted by Arken
As usual, always great Theads from you.
Originally posted by Freeborn
reply to post by kiwifoot
How could we know so little about such an interesting site?
Do you know if the Israeli authorities have plans for further investigations?
Originally posted by MrsBlonde
once again Kiwifoot boggles our minds !
great post Kiwifoot!! seems like every time I turn around some astonishing new archaeological find is just waiting to blow my mind ! Never knew this place existed but now that I do I'm glad it does!!