Vilification, Revilement, Prevarication, Perjury, Fraudulence ,Guile, Hyperbole, Inaccuracy,Invention, Libel, Mendacity, Misrepresentation, Misstatements, White lie, Whopper, Tale, Subterfuge,
Aspersions, Calumny, Defamation, Denigration, Backstabbing, Belittlement, Slander, Deception, Corker, Deceit, Detraction, Dishonesty, Disinformation, Distortion, Omission, Evasion, Fable, Fabrication, Falsehood, Falsification, falsity, Fib, Fiction, Forgery, Underhanded, Smear, Hatchet job, Disparagement, Character Assassination.
Inexactitude, Put words in your mouth, Invent, Deceive, Story, Misrepresent, Mislead, Falsify, Remiss, Dishonesty, Dishonest, Contravene, Transgress, Infringe upon, Violate, Obloquy , Scurrility, Scandal, Imputation, Make-up, Mud-slinging, Slur, Discredit, Impugn ,Misconceived, Subterfuge, Distortion of the facts, Inaccuracy, Myth, Tall Story, Perjuring, Bespatter, Reviling, Ruse, and Lie.
Provided one was blessed with patience, one might go on with these words and synonyms for several pages. The ones above are plucked from a Thesaurus, and Dictionary.
These words alone signify the common occurrence, and overall misconceptions we muddle through on a daily basis. Some we identify instantly, and yet care not enough to take a moment to sort through them. We recognize and accept them as lies, and move on. They don't really effect us very much.
Some make us laugh, and others might make us angry, but still except for a fleeting moment of emotion, and maybe some annoyance, they don't effect us very much.
What about the ones we don't catch? The lies we are told or shown that we don't “get”, or recognize for what they are? Can believing a lie have more effect on our lives than we are aware?
Preparing this article for a conspiracy site, might very well be preaching to the choir. Some readers here don't believe anything they are told, and only half of what they see.
Let us then explore Lies. And the people who tell them.
The White Lie
Let's begin with the most common. The little white lie.
What is the origin of the term “White Lie?”
The origin of the “white lie” is likely based on the ancient western idea of polar opposites with “white” meaning good, and “black” being it's evil antithesis. The same medieval thinking that give us “black magic and white magic”.
Source: “World Wide Words”, by Michael Quinion
Source: Wikipedia defines white lies as:
Minor lies which could be considered harmless, or even beneficial in the long term. White lies are also considered to be used for greater good.
We've all been told white lies and we have all told them. They serve a purpose of course, by preventing us from hurting someone's feelings, or getting us out of a little jam. Who wants to admit to a police officer “Yes, Officer, I saw the light was red, but nothing was coming, so I chose to plow right through it”; or “yes, I think it's absurd to have two slices of cheescake when you are already twenty pounds overweight. Can't you exercise any self-restraint whatsoever?” Ladies and Gentleman, consider this one...”I wouldn't have dinner with you if you were the last person on Earth. I much prefer perusing ATS with my dogs at my feet, over your company, any day of the week.” Imagine what life would be like, without the little white lie.
Strangely, The Little White lie is also told by one, to one's own self, on occasion. “I had no choice except to run the traffic light”. “I only took a couple of bites of that second slice of cheesecake, so really, I just ate one slice”. We might convince ourselves of most anything.
Mostly, it seems, we use the “little white lie” to protect our own privacy or that of others, and to spare ourselves or others humiliation. Our relationships with others do have a need for tact and diplomacy; in other words, the white lie has it's function. But bear in mind, that with every “little white lie” you tell, you risk losing credibility. Only if it's with yourself.
“It is hard to believe that a man is telling the truth when you know you would lie if you were in his place”. H.L. Mencken
“A half-truth is a whole lie”. Yiddish proverb.
“Who lies for you, will lie against you”. Bosnian proverb.
“Having an exit strategy can be a social saver – the key is keeping your little white lie plausible”.
The defining characteristics of Pseudologia Fantastica are that, first, the stories are not entirely improbable and often have some element of truth. They are not a manifestation of delusion or some wider form of psychosis: upon confrontation, they can acknowledge them to be untrue, even if unwillingly. Second, the fabricative tendency is long lasting; it is not provoked by the immediate situation or social pressure as much as it originates with the person's innate urge to act in accordance. Third, a definitely internal, not an external, motive for the behavior can be clinically discerned e.g. long lasting extortion or habitual spousal battery might cause a person to lie repeatedly, without the lying being a pathological symptom. Fourth, the stories told tend towards presenting the person in question in a good light.
There are fine differences between the characteristics, and bear in mind they are not classified as mental disorders. They are merely descriptive, although sometimes they are symptomatic of a Factitious Disorder.
Pseudologia Fantastica indicates a person who will always present himself in a favorable light. He might even tell lies so often, he starts to believe them. He might believe all his friends are famous, or he has engaged in an extremely brave act, or he is more capable than others. He is a “hero”. He engages in frequent self-glorification, and self-aggrandizement. This is easily observed in his conversation.
Pseudologia Fantastica is a type of lying, in which the person appears to believe in the reality of his or her fantasies and acts on them.
Source: Synopsis of Psychiatry, by Harold Kaplan, MD, and Benjamin Sadock, MD
Further, these people may state that have committed almost “superhuman acts of goodness, altruism, or love, or equally grandiose acts of diabolical evil.” Cults may center around highly charismatic individuals who may suffer from Pseudologia Fantastica, and they have convinced their followers they have received some Divine Revelation.
Mythomania or Mythomanics
This is a dark side of lying. These people lie for the thrill of it. They enjoy it, and literally have an “addiction to lying”. They find absolute joy in getting away with a lie. They do it to feed their appetite for lying. This particular type liar generally finds an outlet on board forums.
*Note: Mythomania is not listed in either DSM, or Synopsis of Psychiatry.
Quote: “Liar, liar, pants on fire!”
[edit on 8/21/2010 by ladyinwaiting]