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A huge expanse of floating plastic debris has been documented for the first time in the North Atlantic Ocean. The size of the affected area rivals the "great Pacific garbage patch" in the world's other great ocean basin, which generated an outcry over the effects of plastic waste on marine wildlife. The new plastic waste, which was discovered in an area of the Atlantic to the east of Bermuda, consists mostly of fragments no bigger than a few millimetres wide. But their concentrations and the area of the sea that is covered have caused consternation among marine biologists studying the phenomenon. Using fine-mesh nets towed from a research ship, the scientists collected more than 64,000 individual plastic pieces at 6,100 locations out at sea over the 22-year period of the survey. The highest concentrations were centred at approximately the same latitude as Atlanta, Georgia (32 degrees North) but extended about 500 miles north and south of this line. Kara Lavender Law from the Sea Education Association in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, said the size of the Atlantic "garbage patch" was roughly equal to the one in the Pacific, where circulating currents of the North Pacific Gyre have trapped it over a wide area to the north of the equator.
Evidence and Theories
While there is not concrete evidence of this, people (even some experts) see these events as cause for heightened awareness – certainly not alarm. The location of this event, along the same fault which runs very close to Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull volcano. Of even more interest is the possible connections between tectonic movement atop the already unstable relationship between Eyjafjallajökull and its larger and more powerful neighbor Katla. While Katla’s live cam shows the mountain’s dormant state, the connection between these two volcanoes is well documented. When Eyjafjallajökull, the larger and more dangerous Katla follows.