posted on Aug, 13 2010 @ 10:11 PM
I understand the question posed as being entirely hypothetical. The US and Canada are allies and the best of friends and a war between these two
great nations would be all but unthinkable. Nevertheless, it is a valid question that is posed here.
It's worthy of thoughtful consideration. Furthermore, it's a scenario that the military establishments of both nations most certainly plan for.
After all, it's what they do and they would be remiss if they didn't.
As an American living in Canada, I have a love and an allegiance for both countries. I would never want to see to see the day that the US invaded
Canada (and I'm certain that I never will). However, if the US ever did invade Canada, I'm afraid to say that the initial invasion would quite
quickly destroy Canada's vital infrastructure. Canada, because of her massive size and relatively small population, lacks the redundancy in power
generation, communication and transportation that Americans take for granted. Very quickly, Canada would be plunged into darkness through precision
strikes on key power transmission routes. Similarly, Communications could be severed. These two factors alone would cause widespread panic and chaos
in the civil population hampering military reserve call-ups and movements.
Cluster bombings of key transportation routes: East - West and North - South highway and rail systems would all but isolate individual provinces so
that they could be dealt with on an individual basis. Keep in mind that Air dominance would be, most assuredly, be in American hands right from the
start. Canada's Air Force is primarily comprised of American Aircraft however, unlike the American military air fleet, it is aging and is due for
replacement. In fact, the Canadian government has recently announced that it is to be replaced (undoubtedly with additional American aircraft).
For all intent and purpose, Canada could be conquered rather quickly. However, no nation is subdued until there are "boots on the ground" and this
is where the game could change quite rapidly.
We have all witnessed how insurgencies and guerrilla warfare can all but paralyze efforts to "Americanize", so called, "conquered" nations in Iraq
and Afghanistan. Considering that the insurgencies and guerrilla forces in those countries are relatively untrained and uneducated, they are
extremely effective. Furthermore, they are a population that are readily distinguishable from the American forces. Consider a Canadian insurgency
that is, essentially, indistinguishable from the American force. The Canadians are readily able to infiltrate the American military with a thorough
knowledge of American tactics and even procedures. The Canadians are even thoroughly familiar with most American weaponry and equipment.
This sort of knowledge would make a Canadian guerrilla force especially effective.
For those Americans who believe that the Canadians are some sort of pacifist population who are basically unarmed and defenseless, they should
understand that the Canadians are, like their American counterparts, quite avid hunters. In spite of some popular misconceptions, there are plenty of
guns in the Great White North. The real difference is in the difficulty to obtain weapons. While handguns are extremely difficult to obtain,
long-rifles of all types are available. There are many, many competent hunters and sportsmen in Canada and, considering the vast territories, dense
woods, forests and Tundras in Canada, they have plenty of places to which they can fall back, hide, regroup, organize and plan, they could comprise
quite a formidable guerrilla force.
Additionally, if you add Canada's aboriginal people's to this guerrilla force, they would be a force that would be extremely difficult to contain.
Canada's Aboriginal peoples have been well represented the in the Canadian Forces as well as the American military. Considering themselves 'born
warriors', their natural woodcraft and hunting skills and prowess would make a Canadian insurgency very effective. Furthermore, there would be a
very real possibility that America's Aboriginal peoples would join into the fray in support of their "brothers in arms".
The US can most definitely invade Canada. The US can probably dominate and control large areas of Canada in a rather short time but.... I don't
believe that they could truly conquer Canada. Though, ultimately, some sort of peace would result, it would come at a considerable price for the US.