reply to post by Discotech
Your trying to pass of assumptions as facts and that is a very bad idea for serious research. Truth is, you or anyone else doesn't know how many
would have died had we invaded. If the Japanese were so hostile to American GIs, then what happened when Americans started to land the Island nation
in other places?
The truth is, Japan was ready to call it quits anyway. Over 60 major metropolitan areas had been completely destroyed. Also, the Soviets had made
significant advancements in Manchuria and were closing in on Japan. This is addition to the blockade of the Japanese nation by American and allied
Furthermore, the Japanese only had one significant request for surrender and that was for the Japanese people to keep their emperor. The US would not
budge on their "unconditional" surrender, which needlessly prolonged the the resistance. This is especially true seeing how after their surrender,
the US allowed the emperor to stay anyway.
The two cities were not significant military targets, as civilians outnumbered military personnel over six to one in Hiroshima alone. Add this to the
fact that the Us could have just as easily exploded one of these weapons over the sea, with the same persuading effects. Many people argue against
this by suggesting that Japan didn't surrender after the first bomb but that argument is null, as the two bombs were far to close together,
time-wize, for the first bomb to force a surrender.
In fact, the Japanese were closing in on Japan, through Manchuria and had the Japanese resistance gone much longer, the Japanese would have been
forced to surrender to the Soviets, which would have been a political loss to the Americans and wouldn't have sealed America's fate as an atomic
As far as sources, a good one is
authored by J. Samuel Walker. It's for purchase only but if your interested, I'd highly recommend it.
It's not really a matter of finding historians who subscribe to these view-points, as it is pretty much accepted knowledge. The trick is actually
finding an educated historian who would not agree that those conditions were in place. What big picture you make from those conditions is up to the
individual, though those conditions were in place.