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Ariz. sheriff: I'll jail immigration protesters

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posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 12:43 AM
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Originally posted by SM2
OMG this guy is so evil!!!

jeeze, he is doing his job, he is jailing criminals, they are called ILLEGAL IMMINGRANTS for a reason, don't try to spin it and don't call them undocumented this or that, green card challenged or whatever nicey nice left spun wording you use this week. They broke the law getting here, that is a felony. He is doing his job. If they are protesting and blocking him from doing his job, he can arrest them on a few different charges. Then you have this little fact that some people fail to realize , the citizens of Maricopa county Arizona, must approve of what he is doing, they keep voting for him. So therefore, it ceases to be any of our concerns , as he is doing the job which apprarently the will of the people of that county. He is not breaking any laws, if he were he would be removed from office. As hard as the Obama admin has tried to stop him, don't you think they could of, if he had abused his authority or broke some laws? Now, don't get me wrong, I am all for immigration, we need immigration, we are a nation of immigrants. I embrace all legal immigrants and am proud that we have so many varied cultures in our nation. That is one the things that makes this country great.


And without that invisible net of LEGAL immigration, we get the scraps from mexico,etc that have NO desire to be AMERICAN.

If Amnesty of any kind is granted, it's ONLY going to be for the Democrats to have an actual chance at re-election.

So let me get this right.... We're going to let (how many illegal immigrants) here because a group needs more power, but not really to "help" them, and that's ok? Seems to me once they're done getting used, they'll get the short end of the stick anyway.

I honestly don't see the problem with checking ID's. REALLY?!? They check me EVERY time I get pulled over and I'm totally legal. They check me when I get a job, and yet again, I'm totally legal. When I go to a bar, they check my ID like any normal person would. Yet again, I'm legal and accept being asked for it..

If a group of people didn't want to be removed from a society, they should have checked the laws, or worked to become legal. If life is bad there, then claim another country as home. Either that, or make the one you are stuck in better. I have NO sympathy for these people. They asked for it.

The cop you guys are bashing is actually supposed to be here. He's protecting your rights, even if you won't protect your own. Some of you college dropouts and high school kids need to understand, allowing illegals here in this country will cause it to become Mexico #2. IMO, they didn't do too good with the first one.




posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 12:47 AM
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reply to post by Benchwarmer
 


In all those instances, when they check your ID, do they put you in jail until they get the results back? Does the bartender call ICE to make sure you are a legal citizen?

Pull the other leg!



posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 01:04 AM
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reply to post by p51mustang
 


Can you source where Rodney King beatings came into training? The MCSO has been involved in MANY controversial happenings, but don't tag that all onto Joe or the cops. I live here. I grew up in the midwest, and I can tell you for a fact I had far more problems with cops being judgmental in the midwest than here. I once got searched in Iowa for "not stopping long enough" at a stop sign. I told the cop I was in a hurry. I was on my way to work. He said if I didn't allow them to search me and my car he'd hold me and get a warrant. This was at 3 in the afternoon. I got pulled over here in Phoenix awhile back because my back tail light was out. I freaked out because I had just drank a beer, by no means drunk but I know I would have blew over limit considering I just had it. The cop that pulled me over said to fix the light, showed me why, shook my hand and told me to have a good night. Not all cops are nazis. He knew I had drank but wasn't drunk and even mentioned when he shot his flashlight in my car that I obviously had kids. I had two empty car seats in the back b/c the kids were sleeping and I was running to a store while my wife stayed home. I didn't even have proof of insurance b/c my insurance company hasn't sent my cards and I've been arguing with them to send them. He said to tell them to send em and cite his badge number as a reference. Sent me on my way. Stop the BS about cops in PHX.



posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 01:07 AM
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I sure wish we had a 100 more sheriffs just like him. The whining pansy liberals can move to Mexico or North Korea if they love failed states so much ; and trust me, any country that can't defend it's borders is a failed state.

I hope Arizona just ignores the Clinton appointed lefty judge trying to screw over the people with her asinine morally depraved interpretation of the constitution. The era of civil disobedience is approaching. Our federal government needs to become irrelevent if they continue the dismantling and destruction of America. They are controlled by foreign banksters anyway.



posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 01:14 AM
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reply to post by SevenThunders
 


All she said in a nutshell was we can't have 50 states with 50 different immigration laws, the federal law trumps the state law because of the Constitution.

Course, Right Wingers aren't too big a fan of the Constitution unless it's the 2nd Amendment, might do yourself a favor and read the whole thing including all the amendments.

The federal government MUST do something about illegal immigration. It just has to get done. You simply cannot allow local and state law enforcement to watch an hour long video and expect them to do the job right.



posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 01:48 AM
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reply to post by whatukno
 


Nice theory but Arizona has not enacted a different immigration law. The illegal non-citizens, who do not enjoy constitutional rights, are to be turned over to the state, where they can deal with them according to the law. (Which they won't because flooding the US with third world criminals is part of the plan.)

The other point here is that lawyers and judges who are too often lawyers, are so in love with their rhetoric that they throw out common sense in the application of the law. Often it is to either line their own pockets or to enforce some form of communism on the innocent masses.



posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 02:02 AM
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Originally posted by neo96
A US CITIZEN can speak english


US citizens are not required to speak english. You are free to speak whatever language you damn well want in this country.


A US CITiZEN doesnt go around waving a mexican flag


US citizens are free to wave whatever flag they wish.

At the same time I do not blame some of these latino/hispanic folks waving the Mexican flag. Most of them are being made second class citzens in some parts of this country, stereotyped by a certain ideological faction of this country. While it is important for immigrants to learn to integrate in this country, Americans should learn to welcome those wanting to integrate with open arms. It goes both ways.



A US CITIZEN HOLDS NO COUNTRY above their own.


There are proud americans who will proudly wave the Irish flag and acknowledge their irish native land or ancestry. There are pround Italian americans, there are proud German americans. I could go on.


liberals have cried about that for 8 years


In 8 years we managed to double our debt. We managed to waste billions on a war that was a complete sham to start with and we managed to pass one of the most invasive laws in history, the patriot act. So liberals 'cried' for 8years you say? They exaggerated the debt under Bush's administration right? Its this kind of hypocritical mindset from conservatives like yourself that most folks beyond the rightwing fringe fail to understand.

Next time you talk about this governments 'debt' and this governments spending, I will be most happy to quote this comment from you. 'Liberals cried when the debt was doubled under a Republican president'.


[edit on 29-7-2010 by Southern Guardian]



posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 04:15 AM
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reply to post by SevenThunders
 



Nice theory but Arizona has not enacted a different immigration law. The illegal non-citizens, who do not enjoy constitutional rights, are to be turned over to the state, where they can deal with them according to the law. (Which they won't because flooding the US with third world criminals is part of the plan.)


See, you haven't been keeping up really, the judge didn't kill the whole law, just the provisions in the law that were unconstitutional. It's fine for states to have immigration laws as long as they don't step on the Federal Law. You cannot turn an illegal over to the state, they must be turned over to ICE for deportation. That is the problem with this law, it tried to trump the federal law and the Constitution says that cannot be done.

Parts of Arizona's law did in fact step on the federal law and that is why those parts were struck down. That way De Fuhrer Arpaio can't just go around throwing everyone he want's in jail. It takes a while for ICE to determine if someone is legal or not, if they are a legal citizen, isn't it unfair to detain a citizen of this country because of an unwarranted search and seizure of their personal papers? If they are legal citizens, obviously the arresting officer had no right to begin with in questioning their citizenship.



[edit on 7/29/2010 by whatukno]



posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 07:08 AM
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I was looking up a few things and saw this.
Looks like even illegal aliens get covered by our laws regardless of skin color.



Yick Wo v. Hopkins (1886)
In Yick Wo v. Hopkins, a case involving the rights of Chinese immigrants, the Court ruled that the 14th Amendment's statement, "Nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws," applied to all persons "without regard to any differences of race, of color, or of nationality," and to "an alien, who has entered the country, and has become subject in all respects to its jurisdiction, and a part of its population, although alleged to be illegally here." (Kaoru Yamataya v. Fisher, 189 U.S. 86 (1903) )

Wong Wing v. U.S. (1896)
Citing Yick Wo v. Hopkins, the Court, in the case of Wong Wing v. US, further applied the citizenship-blind nature of the Constitution to the 5th and 6th amendments, stating ". . . it must be concluded that all persons within the territory of the United States are entitled to the protection guaranteed by those amendments, and that even aliens shall not be held to answer for a capital or other infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law."

Plyler v. Doe (1982)
In Plyler v. Doe, the Supreme Court struck down a Texas law prohibiting enrollment of illegal aliens in public school. In its decision, the Court held, "The illegal aliens who are plaintiffs in these cases challenging the statute may claim the benefit of the Equal Protection Clause, which provides that no State shall 'deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.' Whatever his status under the immigration laws, an alien is a 'person' in any ordinary sense of that term… The undocumented status of these children vel non does not establish a sufficient rational basis for denying them benefits that the State affords other residents."




posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 07:22 AM
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reply to post by Blazer
 


Is that you Arpaio?





posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 07:28 AM
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reply to post by Benchwarmer
 


I don't have a problem with the Arizona law. I have a problem with racial profiling and if the white dude or the black dude next to me don't get asked for their ID, then the bill is just targeting one race.



posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 07:31 AM
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Originally posted by whatukno
reply to post by SevenThunders
 



Nice theory but Arizona has not enacted a different immigration law. The illegal non-citizens, who do not enjoy constitutional rights, are to be turned over to the state, where they can deal with them according to the law. (Which they won't because flooding the US with third world criminals is part of the plan.)


See, you haven't been keeping up really, the judge didn't kill the whole law, just the provisions in the law that were unconstitutional. It's fine for states to have immigration laws as long as they don't step on the Federal Law. You cannot turn an illegal over to the state, they must be turned over to ICE for deportation. That is the problem with this law, it tried to trump the federal law and the Constitution says that cannot be done.

Parts of Arizona's law did in fact step on the federal law and that is why those parts were struck down. That way De Fuhrer Arpaio can't just go around throwing everyone he want's in jail. It takes a while for ICE to determine if someone is legal or not, if they are a legal citizen, isn't it unfair to detain a citizen of this country because of an unwarranted search and seizure of their personal papers? If they are legal citizens, obviously the arresting officer had no right to begin with in questioning their citizenship.
[edit on 7/29/2010 by whatukno]



See, that's what makes no sence. Why should someone coming into my country illegaly have the rights of my Constitution? It should be illegal = no rights unless your a citizen/green card, visa. As for the good Sheriff,



posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 07:37 AM
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reply to post by Chance321
 



please refer to my post above.
even illegals are entitled to due process under the law.

if the sheriff were smart he could bypass everything by arresting them as suspected al queda operatives and then he wouldn't need to bother with pesky things like the constitution. LOL



posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 08:01 AM
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Awww, poor Joe has the tent city all ready and now the judge has gone and spoiled his plans. I'll bet he is spitting mad....somewhere kicking a dog right now.



posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 08:31 AM
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reply to post by Chance321
 


Pretty simple really, the Constitution states PEOPLE, not CITIZENS. That's why they get rights. I know, you were hoping that the judge would rule that illegals get no rights, that way Arizona could treat them however they wanted. But the fact remains that these are indeed people, they may be here illegally, but they are still people none the less.



posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 08:38 AM
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reply to post by rusethorcain
 


Not so fast.....

www.latimes.com... ation/la-na-arizona-immigration-march-20100730,0,6161511.story

Joe still seems pretty determined to fill up his tent cities!


Sheriff Joe Arpaio was expected to demonstrate one of them later Thursday by launching one of his controversial "sweeps," in which his deputies fan out through immigrant neighborhoods, stopping people for sometimes minor infractions and checking their immigration status.


He is still going to do whatever he wants to. I bet he ordered a lot of green balogna in anticipation!



posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 09:24 AM
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Originally posted by whatukno
reply to post by Chance321
 


Pretty simple really, the Constitution states PEOPLE, not CITIZENS. That's why they get rights. I know, you were hoping that the judge would rule that illegals get no rights, that way Arizona could treat them however they wanted. But the fact remains that these are indeed people, they may be here illegally, but they are still people none the less.



( For some reason, we keep butting heads
) That's splitting hairs and you know it. The Constitution was ment for the American people not the world. Why should illegals have rights? So then would or do you feel the illegal aliens should have the right to vote then? You want rights go through it the right way, the legal way. I have no problem with people coming into this country, but do it legally.



posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 09:46 AM
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reply to post by Chance321
 

The right to vote:

The 15th Amendment gave Blacks the right to vote.
The 19th Amendment gave Women the right to vote.

Neither of these two constitutional amendments give illegals the right to vote, but neither of these two constitutional amendments says that illegals are less than human.

These still are people protected under the Constitution of the United States.



[edit on 7/29/2010 by whatukno]



posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 10:26 AM
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reply to post by whatukno
 


Okey, here's a copy of our Bill of Rights for the United States of America all 27 Amenments:
The Bill of Rights: A Transcription

The Preamble to The Bill of Rights

Congress of the United States
begun and held at the City of New-York, on
Wednesday the fourth of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine.

THE Conventions of a number of the States, having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best ensure the beneficent ends of its institution.

RESOLVED by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two thirds of both Houses concurring, that the following Articles be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Constitution of the United States, all, or any of which Articles, when ratified by three fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution; viz.

ARTICLES in addition to, and Amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America, proposed by Congress, and ratified by the Legislatures of the several States, pursuant to the fifth Article of the original Constitution.

Note: The following text is a transcription of the first ten amendments to the Constitution in their original form. These amendments were ratified December 15, 1791, and form what is known as the "Bill of Rights."


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Amendment I

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Amendment II

A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Amendment III

No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Amendment IV

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Amendment V

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Amendment VI

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Amendment VII

In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Amendment VIII

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Amendment IX

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Amendment X

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.

Amendments 11-27



posted on Jul, 29 2010 @ 10:27 AM
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reply to post by Chance321
 


AMENDMENT XI
Passed by Congress March 4, 1794. Ratified February 7, 1795.

Note: Article III, section 2, of the Constitution was modified by amendment 11.

The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


AMENDMENT XII
Passed by Congress December 9, 1803. Ratified June 15, 1804.

Note: A portion of Article II, section 1 of the Constitution was superseded by the 12th amendment.

The Electors shall meet in their respective states and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate; -- the President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted; -- The person having the greatest number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. [And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President. --]* The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.

*Superseded by section 3 of the 20th amendment.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


AMENDMENT XIII
Passed by Congress January 31, 1865. Ratified December 6, 1865.

Note: A portion of Article IV, section 2, of the Constitution was superseded by the 13th amendment.

Section 1.
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

Section 2.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


AMENDMENT XIV
Passed by Congress June 13, 1866. Ratified July 9, 1868.

Note: Article I, section 2, of the Constitution was modified by section 2 of the 14th amendment.

Section 1.
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

Section 2.
Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice-President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age,* and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.

Section 3.
No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.

Section 4.
The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.

Section 5.
The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.

*Changed by section 1 of the 26th amendment.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


AMENDMENT XV
Passed by Congress February 26, 1869. Ratified February 3, 1870.

Section 1.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude--

Section 2.
The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


AMENDMENT XVI
Passed by Congress July 2, 1909. Ratified February 3, 1913.

Note: Article I, section 9, of the Constitution was modified by amendment 16.

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.



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AMENDMENT XVII
Passed by Congress May 13, 1912. Ratified April 8, 1913.

Note: Article I, section 3, of the Constitution was modified by the 17th amendment.

The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures.

When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct.

This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


AMENDMENT XVIII
Passed by Congress December 18, 1917. Ratified January 16, 1919. Repealed by amendment 21.

Section 1.
After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.

Section 2.
The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Section 3.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


AMENDMENT XIX
Passed by Congress June 4, 1919. Ratified August 18, 1920.

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.

Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.



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AMENDMENT XX
Passed by Congress March 2, 1932. Ratified January 23, 1933.

Note: Article I, section 4, of the Constitution was modified by section 2 of this amendment. In addition, a portion of the 12th amendment was superseded by section 3.

Section 1.
The terms of the President and the Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.

Section 2.
The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.

Section 3.
If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President shall have qualified.

Section 4.
The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them.

Section 5.
Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October following the ratification of this article.

Section 6.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission.


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AMENDMENT XXI
Passed by Congress February 20, 1933. Ratified December 5, 1933.

Section 1.
The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.

Section 2.
The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, or Possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited.

Section 3.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


AMENDMENT XXII
Passed by Congress March 21, 1947. Ratified February 27, 1951.

Section 1.
No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of President more than once. But this Article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President when this Article was proposed by Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this Article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term.

Section 2.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


AMENDMENT XXIII
Passed by Congress June 16, 1960. Ratified March 29, 1961.

Section 1.
The District constituting the seat of Government of the United States shall appoint in such manner as Congress may direct:

A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a State, but in no event more than the least populous State; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the States, but they shall be considered, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a State; and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article of amendment.

Section 2.
The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.



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AMENDMENT XXIV
Passed by Congress August 27, 1962. Ratified January 23, 1964.

Section 1.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay poll tax or other tax.

Section 2.
The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


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AMENDMENT XXV
Passed by Congress July 6, 1965. Ratified February 10, 1967.

Note: Article II, section 1, of the Constitution was affected by the 25th amendment.

Section 1.
In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.

Section 2.
Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.

Section 3.
Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.

Section 4.
Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President.

Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office.


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AMENDMENT XXVI
Passed by Congress March 23, 1971. Ratified July 1, 1971.

Note: Amendment 14, section 2, of the Constitution was modified by section 1 of the 26th amendment.

Section 1.
The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.

Section 2.
The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


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AMENDMENT XXVII
Originally proposed Sept. 25, 1789. Ratified May 7, 1992.

No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of representatives shall have intervened.



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