The Dry Valleys of Antarctica
The Dry Valleys are strange in the fact that they are the only part of antartica that doesnt have ice! They're located in a certain part of the
mountain area where evaporation is more important than snowfall, therefore all the ice disappears and leaves only the dry land. Geologists and
microbiologists often explore this spot for the fact that it is the closest of any terrestial enviroment to Mars, making it an important source of
study for extraterrestrial life! It also contains the Blood Falls, which at glance is exactly what it looks like! The unusal phenominon occurs because
of a leak in the resevoir of ancient saltwater buried deep inside the glacier.Ferrous ions dissolved in the water oxodize soon as it hits contact with
the atmosphere, and precipitate as insoluble reddish ferric salts.
When visiting this amazing landscape, you cant help but to think you've been transported to a different planet completely. This Island is teaming
with 700 extremely rare flora and fauna. Socotra Island is located in the Indian Ocean 250 km from Somalia and 340 km from Yemen. The glorious tree's
from this island have been preserved through the long geological isolation,with some varieties being 20 million years old!
Perhaps one the most striking plants on this island would have to be the Dragons Blood tree, with a shape resembling an umbrella. Its red sap was the
"dragons blood" of the ancients who lived there, in which they used as medicine and dye, and today used as paint and varnish. Other endmeic plants
on this island would be the huge succulent tree Dorstenia gigas, the cucumber tree Dendrosicyos, and the rare Socotran pomegranate. Bats are the only
mammals native to Socotra. There is also a concern that if goats are to ever be introduced to the island, they may eat the already endangered plant
Rio Tinto ( Spain )
When going to Rio Tinto, your likely to first notice they're red stained rivers, resulting from the very high iron count in the water. In ancient
times Rio Tinto was used to mine for copper, silver, and gold. As a result of this, it is know for its very high acid count. There is alot of
scientific interest in the river due to extremophile aerobic bacteria that live in the water. These life forms are believed to be due to the high
acid content that lives in the water.
This river is important because it provides scientists a place to research due to it being analogous to other locations in the solar system thought to
contain liquid water, such as subterranean Mars. In February 2005, two NASA scientists reported that had very strong evidence that life was present on
mars. Then later, NASA officials had denied the claim and one of the scientist backed off from her initial assertions.
Kliluk ( The Spotted Canadian Lake )
Definitely one of the strangest lakes that Ive ever seen. Rich in calcium, sodium and magnesium sulphate (Epsom salts) and even silver and titanium,
the lake has been known for therapeutic powers by generations. This beautiful lake actually changes color through the seasons. But you have to visit
from June to mid December to see the "spots" or "pools". The lake is located in one of Canada's hottest regions reaching 100 Fahrenheit
The lake is known to heal things such as warts, skin diseases, body aches and battle wounds.
Eisriesenwelt Ice Caves (Austria)
The Eisriesenwelt Ice Caves are some of the biggest ice caves known on earth. Though the cave's length is 42 km, tourists are only allowed to visit
the first kilometer, as the rest of the cave is covered in limestone. The cave was formed by the Salzach river that eroded the passageways in the
mountain, so the formations were formed by the ice that had thawed and drained into the cave and froze during the winter.
Anton Posselt was the first person to officially discover the cave, only exploring the first two hundred meters. Before that, only the locals knew of
the cave, and thought it to be the entrance of hell, therefor refusing to explore it.
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