Originally posted by Phage
A superior mirage most often occurs in the early morning hours, when the layer of air close to the surface of the water has been cooled and has a
warmer layer of air above it. Exactly as seen in the video.
[edit on 7/17/2010 by Phage]
There are a few types of places on Earth that favor these mirages. These are:
1.Dry desert regions, with exceptionally clear air. If there are no clouds and little water vapor in the sky during the night, the desert floor can
cool off substantially by thermal (infrared) radiation to space. The result is a quite steep temperature inversion in the early morning that can be a
change in temperature of up to 20oC in a layer of maybe a few hundred meters high. Also, deserts usually are near mountains, and distant mountain
ranges provide for suitable background objects to be miraged.
Arctic regions, where the cold icy surface cools off warmer air above it. Spectacular superior mirages and the Fata Morgana are likely in regions such
as the arctic seas and Antarctica.
2. High-latitude regions close to a lake or sea, during spring-time, that have had severe frost during the winter. The sea or lake water will be very
cold or frozen, while the spring brings warm air that flows out over the cold water and forms a suitable temperature inversion.
3. Coastal regions bordering a desert. If the prevailing winds bring hot desert air over the cool ocean a temperature inversion may form over the
water, suitable for superior miraging.
We can exclude number 1 and number 3 seeing Turkey is not in the desert. Number 2 sounds probable except:
Climate of Turkey
Although Turkey is situated in a geographical location where climatic conditions are quite temperate, the diverse nature of the landscape, and the
existence in particular of the mountains that run parallel to the coasts, result in significant differences in climatic conditions from one region to
the other. While the coastal regions enjoy milder climates, the inland Anatolia plateau experiences hot summers and cold winters with limited
Because of Turkey's geographical conditions, one can not speak about a general overall climate. In Istanbul and around the sea of Marmara (Marmara
region) the climate is moderate (winter 4 deg.C and summer 27 deg.C); in winter the temperature can drop below zero. In Western Anatolia (Aegean
region) there is a mild Mediterranean climate with average temperatures of 9 deg.C in winter and 29 deg.C in summer. On the southern coast of Anatolia
(Mediterranean region) the same climate can be found. The climate of the Anatolian Plateau (Central Anatolian region) is a steppe climate (there is a
great temperature difference between day and night). Rainfall is low and there is more snow. The average temperature is 23 deg.C in summer and -2
deg.C in winter. The climate in the Black Sea area (Black Sea region) is wet, warm and humid (summer 23 deg.C, winter 7 deg.C). In Eastern Anatolia
and South-Eastern Anatolia there is a long hard winter, where year after year snow lies on the ground from November until the end of April (the
average temperature in winter is -13 deg.C and in summer 17 deg.C).
I would conclude the climate in Turkey is much too moderate to allow for the conditions of a superior mirage.