Originally posted by poet1b
reply to post by babybunnies
You are the one who has been brainwashed. Big oil doesn't have to play con games to set the price of oil, because they literally have us over the
barrel, by having our infrastructure set up to depend solely on gasoline driven vehicles. Big oil has been doing whatever it has wanted to do for a
However, even their monopoly over world transportation has its limits.
If gasoline become too pricey, then alternative fuels and transportation will become more affordable and therefore more competitive in the markets.
AS the sweet crude becomes more and more difficult to find, the oil industry going to have to find other sources to keep them in the market. This is
a matter of reality.
All the oil producing regions have ran dry, and now it is happening to the Middle East, as predicted. Only fools ignore the evidence.
Oil is made of organic matter. This is a matter of science. There is absolutely no proof that oil is made from non-organic matter.
it's reading time about what petroleum has been actually proven to be made of
In its strictest sense, petroleum includes only crude oil, but in common usage it includes both crude oil and natural gas. Both crude oil and natural
gas are predominantly a mixture of hydrocarbons. Under surface pressure and temperature conditions, the lighter hydrocarbons methane, ethane, propane
and butane occur as gases, while the heavier ones from pentane and up are in the form of liquids or solids. However, in the underground oil reservoir
the proportion which is gas or liquid varies depending on the subsurface conditions, and on the phase diagram of the petroleum mixture.
An oil well produces predominantly crude oil, with some natural gas dissolved in it. Because the pressure is lower at the surface than underground,
some of the gas will come out of solution and be recovered (or burned) as associated gas or solution gas. A gas well produces predominately natural
gas. However, because the underground temperature and pressure are higher than at the surface, the gas may contain heavier hydrocarbons such as
pentane, hexane, and heptane in the gaseous state. Under surface conditions these will condense out of the gas and form natural gas condensate, often
shortened to condensate. Condensate resembles gasoline in appearance and is similar in composition to some volatile light crude oils.
The proportion of light hydrocarbons in the petroleum mixture is highly variable between different oil fields and ranges from as much as 97% by weight
in the lighter oils to as little as 50% in the heavier oils and bitumens.
The hydrocarbons in crude oil are mostly alkanes, cycloalkanes and various aromatic hydrocarbons while the other organic compounds contain nitrogen,
oxygen and sulfur, and trace amounts of metals such as iron, nickel, copper and vanadium. The exact molecular composition varies widely from formation
to formation but the proportion of chemical elements vary over fairly narrow limits as follows:
Composition by weight Element Percent range
Carbon 83 to 87%
Hydrogen 10 to 14%
Nitrogen 0.1 to 2%
Oxygen 0.1 to 1.5%
Sulfur 0.5 to 6%
Metals < 0.1%
Four different types of hydrocarbon molecules appear in crude oil. The relative percentage of each varies from oil to oil, determining the properties
of each oil.
Composition by weight Hydrocarbon Average Range
Paraffins 30% 15 to 60%
Naphthenes 49% 30 to 60%
Aromatics 15% 3 to 30%
Asphaltics 6% remainder
Most of the world's oils are non-conventional.
Crude oil varies greatly in appearance depending on its composition. It is usually black or dark brown (although it may be yellowish or even
greenish). In the reservoir it is usually found in association with natural gas, which being lighter forms a gas cap over the petroleum, and salin