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Standing on the hill at dawn, overseeing a team of 40 Kurdish diggers, the German-born archeologist waves a hand over his discovery here, a revolution in the story of human origins. Schmidt has uncovered a vast and beautiful temple complex, a structure so ancient that it may be the very first thing human beings ever built. The site isn't just old, it redefines old: the temple was built 11,500 years ago—a staggering 7,000 years before the Great Pyramid, and more than 6,000 years before Stonehenge first took shape. The ruins are so early that they predate villages, pottery, domesticated animals, and even agriculture—the first embers of civilization. In fact, Schmidt thinks the temple itself, built after the end of the last Ice Age by hunter-gatherers, became that ember—the spark that launched mankind toward farming, urban life, and all that followed.
Göbekli Tepe—the name in Turkish for "potbelly hill"—lays art and religion squarely at the start of that journey. After a dozen years of patient work, Schmidt has uncovered what he thinks is definitive proof that a huge ceremonial site flourished here, a "Rome of the Ice Age," as he puts it, where hunter-gatherers met to build a complex religious community. Across the hill, he has found carved and polished circles of stone, with terrazzo flooring and double benches. All the circles feature massive T-shaped pillars that evoke the monoliths of Easter Island.
This theory reverses a standard chronology of human origins, in which primitive man went through a "Neolithic revolution" 10,000 to 12,000 years ago.
"You don't move 10-ton stones for no reason,"
Huge temples did emerge again—but the next unambiguous example dates from 5,000 years later, in southern Iraq.
The process of evolution has more to do with the physical "attributes" a species possess. Your view on evolution is more of a spiritual one, which is fine by the way, only it was not the one referred to in the first place, or so I read it. We DID evolve from lesser beings, lesser in the way of intelligence. We DO evolve, everyday, as we grow, individually, and so do our nations/constitutions. I was addressing the physical evolution.
While I will not enter an argument about the relative merits of each religion, I try to stay clear of all of them when discussing matters that can be verified scientifically. What the Quran, the Bible or any other religious scripture says is irrelevant as it cannot be verified (nor is their purpose to provide scientific data, they act like guidelines to our lives and our conduct to each other).