Nice thread coredrill!
According to the out-of-Africa theory (I think the most accepted one today, backed up by genetic evidence and material findings along the way), humans
reached Australia around 60,000 years ago. This "date" is reached by following the coast of Asia all the way from Arabia to Indonesia (and then
Australia), matching DNA patterns along the way and some climate simulations, which are the weakest point as they are not as accurate as the rest.
Now, to reach Australia one has to have reached Indochina (Malaysia, primarily) before. let's say, 2-3,000 years before the "venture" to Australia?
That leaves a gap of almost 45,000 years to go from Malaysia (or central Siberia, where humans were found as early as 44-45,000 years ago. In this
case the gap is smaller by 18-20,000 years but the distance is also smaller) to Beringia and then to America. the distance is not the main obstacle
here, the climate is!
How much do we know of the last 2 ice ages? Do we know, for example, exactly how long they lasted? Do we know what parts were free of ice during the
time between ice ages?
As for the first inhabitants of America being Australian Aborigines, until about 30,000 years ago, ALL humans on Earth were similar (dark skin, dark
hair, tall, lean bodies, same facial features, more or less), diversions begun to appear around that time influenced by the long term inhabitation of
certain climates and areas, initially "alien" to our species' origin. So, if the "spread" of the migration was fast enough, significant changes
were not evolving, so to speak, due to lack of time to adapt (evolution rarely produces changes from one generation to the next, no?).
If you watch a BBC documentary, "The incredible human journey", you will see at least 2 instances where a face was reconstructed by the skull
remains and the skull "produced" a negroid face in both cases (first Europeans and first Americans, if I recall correctly).
the main fuss about the colonization of America (both North and South) is the difficulty one faces to reach the damn place!! You need either the land
bridge or ships capable of ocean travel - 20-40,000 years ago!! - not to mention you need to have an idea of where you are going! It is one thing to
claim that Australia may have been reached by mistake, when it was about 100 miles away from Flores, and another thing to claim that the journey to
America was made from Australia.