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Americans get the most medical radiation in the world, even more than folks in other rich countries. The U.S. accounts for half of the most advanced procedures that use radiation, and the average American's dose has grown sixfold over the last couple of decades
Radiation is a hidden danger — you don't feel it when you get it, and any damage usually doesn't show up for years. Taken individually, tests that use radiation pose little risk. Over time, though, the dose accumulates.
# A full radiographic abuse survey (skeletal survey) is indicated in any child aged 2 years or younger with evidence or strong suspicion of physical abuse.
# The bone survey should include at a minimum 2 views of each extremity (individual long bones are highly recommended rather than single views of the entire extremity), anteroposterior (AP) and lateral skull, AP and lateral spine, chest, abdomen, pelvis, hands, and feet. Films should be reviewed carefully for classic metaphyseal lesions and healing fractures—particularly of the posterior ribs.