It looks like you're using an Ad Blocker.

Please white-list or disable AboveTopSecret.com in your ad-blocking tool.

Thank you.

 

Some features of ATS will be disabled while you continue to use an ad-blocker.

 

CERN Press Release - Particle Chameleon Caught in the act of Changing

page: 1
5

log in

join
share:

posted on Jun, 1 2010 @ 11:23 AM
link   
This is the CERN press release, on the exciting topic of new type of neutrino oscillations just discovered: muon to tau!


Geneva, 31 May 2010. Researchers on the OPERA experiment at the INFN’s Gran Sasso laboratory in Italy today announced the first direct observation of a tau particle in a muon neutrino beam sent through the Earth from CERN, 730km away. This is a significant result, providing the final missing piece of a puzzle that has been challenging science since the 1960s, and giving tantalizing hints of new physics to come.

The neutrino puzzle began with a pioneering and ultimately Nobel Prize winning experiment conducted by US scientist Ray Davies beginning in the 1960s. He observed far fewer neutrinos arriving at the Earth from the Sun than solar models predicted: either solar models were wrong, or something was happening to the neutrinos on their way. A possible solution to the puzzle was provided in 1969 by the theorists Bruno Pontecorvo and Vladimir Gribov, who first suggested that chameleon-like oscillatory changes between different types of neutrinos could be responsible for the apparent neutrino deficit.

Several experiments since have observed the disappearance of muon-neutrinos, confirming the oscillation hypothesis, but until now no observations of the appearance of a tau-neutrino in a pure muon-neutrino beam have been observed: this is the first time that the neutrino chameleon has been caught in the act of changing from muon-type to tau-type.

Antonio Ereditato, Spokesperson of the OPERA collaboration described the development as: “an important result which rewards the entire OPERA collaboration for its years of commitment and which confirms that we have made sound experimental choices. We are confident that this first event will be followed by others that will fully demonstrate the appearance of neutrino oscillation".


"The OPERA experiment has reached its first goal: the detection of a tau neutrino obtained from the transformation of a muon neutrino, which occurred during the journey from Geneva to the Gran Sasso Laboratory,” added Lucia Votano, Director Gran Sasso laboratories. “This important result comes after a decade of intense work performed by the Collaboration, with the support of the Laboratory, and it again confirms that LNGS is a leading laboratory in Astroparticle Physics”.


The OPERA result follows seven years of preparation and over three years of beam provided by CERN. During that time, billions of billions of muon-neutrinos have been sent from CERN to Gran Sasso, taking just 2.4 milliseconds to make the trip. The rarity of neutrino oscillation, coupled with the fact that neutrinos interact very weakly with matter makes this kind of experiment extremely subtle to conduct. CERN’s neutrino beam was first switched on in 2006, and since then researchers on the OPERA experiment have been carefully sifting their data for evidence of the appearance of tau particles, the telltale sign that a muon-neutrino has oscillated into a tau-neutrino. Patience of this kind is a virtue in particle physics research, as INFN President Roberto Petronzio explained:

“This success is due to the tenacity and inventiveness of the physicists of the international community, who designed a particle beam especially for this experiment,” said Petronzio. “In this way, the original design of Gran Sasso has been crowned with success. In fact, when constructed, the laboratories were oriented so that they could receive particle beams from CERN”.

At CERN, neutrinos are generated from collisions of an accelerated beam of protons with a target. When protons hit the target, particles called pions and kaons are produced. They quickly decay, giving rise to neutrinos. Unlike charged particles, neutrinos are not sensitive to the electromagnetic fields usually used by physicists to change the trajectories of particle beams. Neutrinos can pass through matter without interacting with it; they keep the same direction of motion they have from their birth. Hence, as soon as they are produced, they maintain a straight path, passing through the Earth's crust. For this reason, it is extremely important that from the very beginning the beam points exactly towards the laboratories at Gran Sasso.

‘This is an important step for neutrino physics,” said CERN Director General Rolf Heuer. “My congratulations go to the OPERA experiment and the Gran Sasso Laboratories, as well as the accelerator departments at CERN. We’re all looking forward to unveiling the new physics this result presages.”

While closing a chapter on understanding the nature of neutrinos, the observation of neutrino oscillations is strong evidence for new physics. In the theories that physicists use to explain the behaviour of fundamental particles, which is known as the Standard Model, neutrinos have no mass. For neutrinos to be able to oscillate, however, they must have mass: something must be missing from the Standard Model. Despite its success in describing the particles that make up the visible Universe and their interactions, physicists have long known that there is much the Standard Model does not explain. One possibility is the existence of other, so-far unobserved types of neutrinos that could shed light on Dark Matter, which is believed to make up about a quarter of the Universe’s mass.


Exciting discovery indeed. The experiment has been years in the making and looks like they got it right.




posted on Jun, 1 2010 @ 11:30 AM
link   
The changing flavour of neurtinos is fascinating.

I'd like to know what they do when they collide in a living thing.



posted on Jun, 1 2010 @ 11:39 AM
link   

Originally posted by Aeons
The changing flavour of neurtinos is fascinating.
I'd like to know what they do when they collide in a living thing.


Not much. Neutrinos only take part in weak interaction (no electric charge), so only a tiny (really tiny) fraction will undergo a reaction, most likely converting into a lepton of appropriate flavor (and in rare cases, in a different one, as the experiment demonstrated).



posted on Jun, 1 2010 @ 11:48 AM
link   

Originally posted by buddhasystem

Originally posted by Aeons
The changing flavour of neurtinos is fascinating.
I'd like to know what they do when they collide in a living thing.


Not much. Neutrinos only take part in weak interaction (no electric charge), so only a tiny (really tiny) fraction will undergo a reaction, most likely converting into a lepton of appropriate flavor (and in rare cases, in a different one, as the experiment demonstrated).


When a neutrino hits water, it flashes blue. That's what they are looking for in Baikal and Inco Creighton.

You can't tell me that you aren't interested to find out what would happen in a cell. You can theorize what that might mean - but in reality, do you know? What happens to a cell when a water molecule in it is hit by a neutrino, and what does that flash do in a living system?

Not much isn't nothing.


[edit on 2010/6/1 by Aeons]



posted on Jun, 1 2010 @ 11:55 AM
link   

Originally posted by Aeons
When a neutrino hits water, it flashes blue. That's what they are looking for in Baikal and Inco Creighton.


Neutrino does not cause any flashes. It converts into a fast-traveling lepton (like muon or electron) and that lepton, being a charged particle, emits Cherenkov radiation (which is indeed colored blue in most cases).


You can't tell me that you aren't interested to find out what would happen in a cell. You can theorize what that might mean - but in reality, do you know? What happens to a cell when a water molecule in it is hit by a neutrino, and what does that flash do in a living system?


As I said, flash is a consequence of an ionizing particle traveling in a medium. It does mean that you get radiation exposure, however it's truly negligible compared to what you get from cosmic rays and naturally occurring isotopes all around you. You get more exposure from potassium-40 naturally present in your body than you do from neutrinos.



posted on Jun, 1 2010 @ 12:06 PM
link   
If particles can change forms, and become something different and act differently.. Then dear readers, Physics Laws as we know then Must Not Always Be Fixed !

This means to me that YES,

Ghost are possible.

Faster than Light travel is possible.

The Electric Universe is possible.

Anti Gravity is possible.

Solid matter moving through solid matter as if a fluid is possible.

Transporter technology is as in Star Trek is possible.

Magic is possible.

And scientifically speaking.. even GOD is possible.

In short.. every thing science claims is not possible due to the so called Laws of Physics - Is Possible - and this notion that the laws of physics do not change - Is Bunk !



posted on Jun, 1 2010 @ 12:11 PM
link   

Originally posted by JohnPhoenix
If particles can change forms, and become something different and act differently.. Then dear readers, Physics Laws as we know then Must Not Always Be Fixed !


What is that supposed to mean??? Radioactive decay has been known for a very long time, and particles do change in that process. Oscillations are something else, but also are accompanied by change in properties. That's pretty common.


This means to me that YES,

Ghost are possible.

Faster than Light travel is possible.

The Electric Universe is possible.

Anti Gravity is possible.

Solid matter moving through solid matter as if a fluid is possible.

Transporter technology is as in Star Trek is possible.

Magic is possible.

And scientifically speaking.. even GOD is possible.

In short.. every thing science claims is not possible due to the so called Laws of Physics - Is Possible - and this notion that the laws of physics do not change - Is Bunk !


I don't detect an iota of common sense or reasoning in that paragraph of yours.



posted on Jun, 1 2010 @ 12:12 PM
link   
Step 1. View neutrino flux.

Step 2. ?

Step 3. PROFIT??

awesome story.

now where's my personal teleporter already?



posted on Jun, 1 2010 @ 12:15 PM
link   
I started a thread about this yesterday
www.abovetopsecret.com...



posted on Jun, 1 2010 @ 12:21 PM
link   
Amazing. S&F fo yo.

I was reading about this a long time ago, I am happy to see it came through.

I can see a new reality perspective coming for the masses soon.



new topics

top topics



 
5

log in

join