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The physical changes (listed below) documented in crop circle plants by Michigan biophysicist W.C. Levengood have been determined by evaluating hundreds of sample plants -- both downed and standing -- taken from inside the overall perimeter of each formation against hundreds of control plants taken at varying distances outside each formation, in several directions. More than 250 individual crop formations from multiple countries, over a 10-year period were examined in-depth. Although many of the formations studied were relatively "simple" in overall design and/or relatively "small" in overall size (primarily because of BLT's financial and/or personnel limitations, particularly in Europe), many larger and more "complex" formations -- those whose overall design included intricate geometric shapes with multiple design elements of varying sizes -- are represented here.
In some crop formations the energy system involved is intense enough to cause bending of this apical (top) node (although pronounced node bending is much more commonly found at the lower nodes on the plant stem). In a few cases we have found severe apical node bending in conjunction with marked stretching of the node. As the example, below, illustrates the node elongation in such cases is clearly in addition to that caused by the bending of the node tissues.
Marked bending of the plant stem nodes which can occur at all of the nodes in some cases, is most often observed in the 2nd, 3rd and 4th nodes down toward the bottom of the stalks.It does occasionally occur in the first, or apical node beneath the seed-head (see above). Usually this bending (if it is determined to be significant after ruling out natural plant recovery processes) is in the range of 45-90 degrees and considerable care must be taken to not confuse this node bending with two well-known plant recovery processes:
(1) phototropism (the plant's natural tendency to reorient itself to sunlight) and;
(2) gravitropism (the plant's natural tendency to reorient itself to the earth's gravitational field).
Latter-day hoaxers claim that they applied boot to wheat in 1978, yet crop circles have appeared throughout the world since the early 1900s, with dozens of eyewitnesses even reporting crop circles forming in a matter of seconds as far back as 1890; several descriptive accounts were even documented in 1678 by Robert Plot, then curator of the Ashmolean.
(holes blown out at one or several of the plant stem nodes) are most often found in the 2nd node beneath the seed- head. However, in recent years they are being seen also in the 3rd and 4th nodes down the plant stem, as well as occasionally occurring in the top (apical) node. These holes are thought to be one of the plant abnormalities caused by exposure to microwave radiation which -- particularly in circles which occur in young, green crop -- instantly turns the plant's internal moisture to steam. If the microwaves are intense enough -- and the amount of moisture at the stem node great enough -- the rapidly expanding steam in these lower nodes can only escape by blowing holes out through the tough external fibers in these lower nodes. [In the apical, or top, nodes -- the youngest part of the plant -- the external fibers are considerably more elastic and the steam created there by exposure to microwaves seeps out more easily, stretching the nodes at the tops of the plants as it does so.]
To date some 10,000 crop circles have been catalogued worldwide, and their anomalous features continue to be irreplecatabl:
- plants bent an inch above soil and gently laid down in geometrically-precise patterns with no physical signs of damage
- light burn marks at the base of stems
- altered cellular structure and soil chemistry
- discrepancies in background radiation
- alteration of the local electromagnetic field
While most Americans fell for the tabloid style reporting by Peter Jennings and others a few years ago that concluded that the crop circle enigma was solved when two British hoaxers “confessed to being responsible for creating all the crop circles with boards and ropes”, the evidence that discredited their claims for responsibility was largely ignored by the American media. Always happy to find man-made solutions to any paranormal phenomena, the mainstream media later dropped the subject of crop circles all together when they realized they had jumped to an incorrect conclusion, and completely overlooked the fact that hundreds of crop formations are occurring thousands of miles away from the southern England home of the two old hoaxers from one end of the globe to the other
When a formation is formed in immature crop, Nancy says “one of the things we have found is a markedly reduced feed head size. You take a control plant from out in the field somewhere and pluck off the head and go into the formation itself and pluck off another one and compare them. When the crop circle energies hit a formation early on and you get to see it, let’s say a month later, you’ll notice an enormously reduced feed head size. “Now, inside these feed heads there is a further startling alteration. The seed head will sometimes look relatively normal and have no seeds inside them whatsoever. In other words, all the semiotic tissue will continue to evolve but the reproductive tissue does not -- no seeds. Or occasionally, when there are seeds present, what we find are severely stunted seeds: they weigh less, they are smaller. When we go to germinate those seeds, they are not viable. They produce struggling seedlings which would not survive under normal conditions and often don’t in the laboratory.
“You find also bent and enlarged stem nodes. Most of these plants have three or four, sometimes even five stem nodes. Now a lot of confusion has arisen about the bent nodes because if a formation is made by people, let’s say, and it isn’t discovered for two weeks, photosynthesis, which is the effort of the plant to head up towards the sun again, will cause node bending, but it depends on which nodes are bent, number one and secondly, whether or not the node bending is seen in conjunction with node lengthening. People messing around in the field can, upon occasion create node bending. They cannot create node lengthening, nor can they create the cell wall pit enlargement
by who though?
Originally posted by spacedonk
crop circles seem often to disregarded for deeper research, I suspect as much from the MSM's decades of misrepresentation of them as being man-made and a bit of a joke subject.
Certainly there are man made ones but these anomalies are surely indicative of a creation process beyond plank & rope - by who though?
[edit on 26-5-2010 by spacedonk]
That is a common reaction to a plant with a fractured herd.
The 'elongated nodes' are the plants reaction to reaching up for the sun after damage. Life goes on, and plant hormones (yes, auxins) change the growth of the plants to accommodate.
I've seen all this a thousand times, I have plants that I've intentionally damaged the herd on and the growth after is certainly not typical--but it isn't extraterrestrial either.
I'm sick of scientists basing their suppositions on already existing unproven 'out there' theories