reply to post by anon72
Your ignorance (I mean that in the most respectful way) is funny at the same time. Your statement made it sound as though the US gave Israel nukes!!!
It would define your knowledge and lack there of if you really believe that.. That would mean you are just repeating someone elses "facts" that
really didn't know the facts.
lemme school ya my friend
lease read the entire post.
These are facts... But some dilusional posters will call this Zionist propaganda...
History of Israeli Nukes
Israel began actively investigating the nuclear option from its earliest days. In 1949, HEMED GIMMEL a special unit of the IDF's Science Corps, began
a two-year geological survey of the Negev desert with an eye toward the discovery of uranium reserves. Although no significant sources of uranium were
The program took another step forward with the creation of the Israel Atomic Energy Commission (IAEC) in 1952. Its chairman, Ernst David Bergmann, had
long advocated an Israeli bomb as the best way to ensure "that we shall never again be led as lambs to the slaughter." A new method of producing
heavy water, providing Israel with an indigenous capability to produce some of the most important nuclear materials.
For reactor design and construction, Israel sought the assistance of France. Nuclear cooperation between the two nations dates back as far as early
1950's, when construction began on France's 40MWt heavy water reactor and a chemical reprocessing plant at Marcoule.
In the fall of 1956, France agreed to provide Israel with an 18 MWt research reactor. However, the onset of the Suez Crisis a few weeks later changed
the situation dramatically. Following Egypt's closure of the Suez Canal in July, France and Britain had agreed with Israel that the latter should
provoke a war with Egypt to provide the European nations with the pretext to send in their troops as peacekeepers to occupy and reopen the canal zone.
In the wake of the Suez Crisis, the Soviet Union made a thinly veiled threat against the three nations. This episode not only enhanced the Israeli
view that an independent nuclear capability was needed to prevent reliance on potentially unreliable allies, but also led to a sense of debt among
French leaders that they had failed to fulfill commitments made to a partner. French premier Guy Mollet is even quoted as saying privately that France
"owed" the bomb to Israel.
On 3 October 1957, France and Israel signed a revised agreement calling for France to build a 24 MWt reactor (although the cooling systems and waste
facilities were designed to handle three times that power) and, in protocols that were not committed to paper, a chemical reprocessing plant. This
complex was constructed in secret, and outside the IAEA inspection regime, by French and Israeli technicians at Dimona, in the Negev desert under the
leadership of Col. Manes Pratt of the IDF Ordinance Corps.
Both the scale of the project and the secrecy involved made the construction of Dimona a massive undertaking. A new intelligence agency, the Office of
Science Liasons,(LEKEM) was created to provide security and intelligence for the project. At the height construction, some 1,500 Israelis some French
workers were employed building Dimona. To maintain secrecy, French customs officials were told that the largest of the reactor components, such as the
reactor tank, were part of a desalinization plant bound for Latin America. In addition, after buying heavy water from Norway on the condition that it
not be transferred to a third country, the French Air Force secretly flew as much as four tons of the substance to Israel.
Trouble arose in May 1960, when France began to pressure Israel to make the project public and to submit to international inspections of the site,
threatening to withhold the reactor fuel unless they did. President de Gaulle was concerned that the inevitable scandal following any revelations
about French assistance with the project, especially the chemical reprocessing plant, would have negative repercussions for France's international
position, already on shaky ground because of its war in Algeria.
At a subsequent meeting with Ben-Gurion, de Gaulle offered to sell Israel fighter aircraft in exchange for stopping work on the reprocessing plant,
and came away from the meeting convinced that the matter was closed. It was not. Over the next few months, Israel worked out a compromise. France
would supply the uranium and components already placed on order and would not insist on international inspections. In return, Israel would assure
France that they had no intention of making atomic weapons, would not reprocess any plutonium, and would reveal the existence of the reactor, which
would be completed without French assistance. In reality, not much changed - French contractors finished work on the reactor and reprocessing plant,
uranium fuel was delivered and the reactor went critical in 1964.
Although the United States government did not encourage or approve of the Israeli nuclear program, it also did nothing to stop it. Walworth Barbour,
US ambassador to Israel from 1961-73, the bomb program's crucial years, primarily saw his job as being to insulate the President from facts which
might compel him to act on the nuclear issue, alledgedly saying at one point that "The President did not send me there to give him problems. He does
not want to be told any bad news." After the 1967 war, Barbour even put a stop to military attachés' intelligence collection efforts around Dimona.
Even when Barbour did authorize forwarding information, as he did in 1966 when embassy staff learned that Israel was beginning to put nuclear warheads
Now if you disagree, please provide me with facts.. I am open to further knowledge of the subject.
[edit on 30-6-2010 by Mobius1974]
[edit on 30-6-2010 by Mobius1974]