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21st century = 14th century?

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posted on May, 17 2010 @ 02:05 AM
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see the parallels?

Crisis of the Late Middle Ages
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Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2009)

Around the start of the 14th century a series of events began that brought centuries of European prosperity and growth to a halt. Three major crises would lead to radical changes in all areas of society - they were demographic collapse, political instabilities and lastly religious upheavals.

A series of famines and plagues, beginning with the Great Famine of 1315-1317 and especially the Black Death of 1348, reduced the population perhaps by half or more as the Medieval Warm Period came to a close and the 1st century of the Little Ice Age began. Along with depopulation came social unrest and endemic warfare. Soil exhaustion, overpopulation, wars, and epidemic diseases helped cause hundreds of famines in Europe during the Middle Ages, including 95 in Britain and 75 in France.[1][2] In France, the Hundred Years' War, crop failures and epidemics reduced the population by two-thirds.[3]

Popular revolts in late medieval Europe and civil wars between nobles within countries such as the Wars of the Roses were common, and there were international conflicts between kings such as France and England in the Hundred Years' War. The unity of the Roman Catholic Church was shattered by the Great Schism. The Holy Roman Empire was also in decline, in the aftermath of the Interregnum (1247-1273), the Empire lost cohesion and politically the separate dynasties of the various German states became more important than their common empire.
Contents
[hide]

* 1 Demography
* 2 Popular revolt
* 3 Civil wars
* 4 International wars
* 5 References
* 6 See also
* 7 External links

[edit] Demography
Main article: Medieval demography

Some scholars contend that at the beginning of the 14th century Europe had become overpopulated.[4][5] By the 14th century frontiers had ceased to expand and internal colonization was coming to an end, but population levels remained high. Then, during the period a number of calamities struck. Starting with the Great Famine in 1315, and then the Black Death of 1348-1350, the population of Europe plummeted.

The period between 1348 and 1420 witnessed the heaviest loss. In Germany, about 40% of the named inhabitants disappeared. The population of Provence was reduced by 50% and in some regions in Tuscany 70% were lost during this period.
[edit] Popular revolt
Main article: Popular revolt in late medieval Europe

Before the 14th century, popular uprisings were not unknown, for example, uprisings at a manor house against an unpleasant overlord, but they were local in scope. This changed in the 14th and 15th centuries when new downward pressures on the poor resulted in mass movements and popular uprisings across Europe. To indicate how common and widespread these movements became, in Germany between 1336 and 1525 there were no less than sixty phases of militant peasant unrest[6].
[edit] Civil wars

* Wars of the Roses

[edit] International wars

* Hundred Years' War
* Polish–Teutonic Wars
* Mongol raids against Russia
* War of the Eight Saints
* Hussite Wars
* Burgundian Wars
* Byzantine–Ottoman Wars
* Ottoman wars in Europe

[edit] References

1. ^ Poor studies will always be with us
2. ^ The facts on malnutrition & famine
3. ^ Don O'Reilly. "Hundred Years' War: Joan of Arc and the Siege of Orléans". TheHistoryNet.com.
4. ^ Perry Anderson (1974 [2006]). Passages from Antiquity to Feudalism. Verso. p. 186, 199. ISBN 1859841074.
5. ^ Jonathan Maunder (2009-04-07). "Feudalism and the growth of the market". Socialist Worker Online. www.socialistworker.co.uk... Retrieved 2009-12-22.
6. ^ Peter Blickle, Unruhen in der ständischen Gesellschaft 1300-1800, 1988

[edit] See also

* Renaissance of the 12th century
* Renaissance of the 15th century
* Late Middle Ages
* History of science in the Middle Ages


[edit on 17-5-2010 by Donnie Darko]

[edit on 17-5-2010 by Donnie Darko]




posted on May, 17 2010 @ 10:14 AM
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You know what is funny.

Without the depopulation of Europe, Europe's forests would not have returned and nature would not taken back what it once had.

These forests were the resource of the colonial era. Without these new forests it wouldn't be possible to build the ships they used. No colonization, no navy, no armada's loaded with spices, gold, silver, drugs and slaves. Ther would not be a VOC and later a WIC and thus the first corporations wouldn't have existed when they did. Maybe never at all.

All because of a mini ice age ? How ironic...

[edit on 5/17/2010 by Sinter Klaas]



posted on May, 17 2010 @ 03:57 PM
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yeah, i had total de ja vu reading about the 14th century in Europe.

history repeats itself.



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