Anarchism is a political philosophy which considers the state undesirable, unnecessary and harmful, and instead promotes a stateless society, or
anarchy. It seeks to diminish or even abolish authority in the conduct of human relations. Anarchists may widely disagree on what additional criteria
are required in anarchism. The Oxford Companion to Philosophy says, "there is no single defining position that all anarchists hold, and those
considered anarchists at best share a certain family resemblance."
As a generalisation, it can be said that Christian democratic parties in Europe tend to be moderately conservative, and in several cases form the main
conservative party in their respective countries (e.g. in Germany, Spain, and Belgium). In Latin America, by contrast, Christian
democratic parties tend to be progressive and influenced by liberation theology. These generalisations, however, must be nuanced by the
consideration that Christian democracy does not fit precisely into the usual categories of political thought, but rather includes elements common to
several other political ideologies
"Pure communism" in the Marxian sense refers to a classless, stateless and oppression-free society where decisions on what to produce and what
policies to pursue are made democratically, allowing every member of society to participate in the decision-making process in both the political and
economic spheres of life. In modern usage, communism is often used to refer to the policies of the various communist states, which were authoritarian
governments that had centrally planned economies and ownership of all the means of production. Most communist governments based their ideology on
Communitarians claim values and beliefs are formed in public space, in which debate takes place. Both linguistic and non-linguistic traditions are
communicated to children and form the backdrop against which individuals formulate and understand beliefs. The dependence of the individual upon
community members is typically meant as descriptive. It does not mean that individuals should accept majority beliefs. Rather, if an individual
rejects a majority belief, such as the historic belief that slavery is acceptable, he or she will do so for reasons that make sense within the
community (for example, the Judeo-Christian conception of the imago Dei, or reasons deriving from secular Enlightenment humanism) rather than simply
any reason at all. In this sense, the rejection of a single majority belief relies on other majority beliefs.
Conservatism (Latin: conservare, "to conserve") is a political and social philosophy that says that traditional institutions work best and society
should avoid radical change. Some conservatives seek to preserve things as they are, emphasizing stability and continuity, while others oppose
modernism and seek a return to the way things were. The first established use of the term in a political context was by François-René de
Chateaubriand in 1819, following the French Revolution. The term has since been used to describe a wide range of views. R. J. White wrote: "To put
conservatism in a bottle with a label is like trying to liquify the atmosphere… The difficulty arises from the nature of the thing. For conservatism
is less a political doctrine than a habit of mind, a mode of feeling, a way of living."
Fascists believe that a nation is an organic community that requires strong leadership, singular collective identity, and the will and ability to
commit violence and wage war in order to keep the nation strong. They claim that culture is created by collective national society and its state, that
cultural ideas are what give individuals identity, and thus rejects individualism. In viewing the nation as an integrated collective community, they
claim that pluralism is a dysfunctional aspect of society, and justify a totalitarian state as a means to represent the nation in its entirety. They
advocate the creation of a single-party state. Fascist governments forbid and suppress openness and opposition to the fascist state and the fascist
movement. They identify violence and war as actions that create national regeneration, spirit and vitality.
Feminism refers to political, cultural, and economic movements aimed at establishing greater rights and legal protections for women. Feminism includes
some of the sociological theories and philosophies concerned with issues of gender difference. It is also a movement that campaigns for women's
rights and interests. Nancy Cott defines feminism as the belief in the importance of gender equality, invalidating the idea of gender hierarchy as a
socially constructed concept.
Supporters of Green politics, called Greens, share many ideas with the ecology, conservation, environmental, feminist, and peace movements. In
addition to democracy and ecological issues, green politics is concerned with civil liberties, social justice, nonviolence and tends to support Social
Islamism is a controversial term and definitions of it sometimes vary. Many confuse or conflate Islamism with Salafism, however early Salafism is the
contrary to modern Islamism. Leading Islamist thinkers emphasized the enforcement of sharia (Islamic law); of pan-Islamic political unity or
caliphate; and of the elimination of non-Muslim, particularly western, military, economic, political, social, or cultural influences in the Muslim
world, which they believe to be imperialist or incompatible with Islam.
Liberalism (from the Latin liberalis, "of freedom") is the belief in the importance of liberty and equality. Liberals espouse a wide array
of views depending on their understanding of these principles, but most liberals support such fundamental ideas as constitutions, liberal democracy,
free and fair elections, human rights, free trade, secularism, and the market economy. These ideas are often accepted even among political groups that
do not openly profess a liberal ideological orientation. Liberalism encompasses several intellectual trends and traditions, but the dominant variants
are classical liberalism, which became popular in the 18th century, and social liberalism, which became popular in the 20th century.
Libertarianism is a political theory that advocates the maximization of individual liberty in thought and action and the minimization or even
abolition of the state. Libertarians embrace viewpoints ranging from pro-property to anti-property and from a minimal state (or minarchist) to
Nationalism emphasizes collective identity - a 'people' must be autonomous, united, and express a single national culture. However, some
nationalists stress individualism as an important part of their own national identity
The Socialist International (SI) is the main international organization of social democratic and moderate socialist parties. It affirms the following
principles: first, freedom—not only individual liberties, but also freedom from discrimination and freedom from dependence on either the owners of
the means of production or the holders of abusive political power; second, equality and social justice—not only before the law but also economic and
socio-cultural equality as well, and equal opportunities for all including those with physical, mental, or social disabilities; and, third,
solidarity—unity and a sense of compassion for the victims of injustice and inequality.
Socialism is a political philosophy that encompasses various theories of economic organization based on either public or direct worker ownership and
administration of the means of production and allocation of resources. A more comprehensive definition of socialism is an economic system that
directly maximizes use-values as opposed to exchange-values and has transcended commodity production and wage labor, along with a corresponding set of
social and economic relations, including the organization of economic institutions, the method of resource allocation and post-monetary calculation
based on some physical magnitude; often implying a method of compensation based on individual merit, the amount of labor expended or individual
Utilitarianism is often described by the phrase "the greatest good for the greatest number of people", and is also known as "the greatest
happiness principle". Utility, the good to be maximized, has been defined by various thinkers as happiness or pleasure (versus suffering or pain),
although preference utilitarians define it as the satisfaction of preferences. It may be described as a life stance, with happiness or pleasure being
of ultimate importance.
I must now ask of you. Which do you believe it the best philosophy, simply according to it's official position. Which one?
I vote for Social democracy or Liberalism(it's a tie). A nice mix of the two is great.