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The Ubaidians founded the ancient Sumerian cities of Adab, Eridu, Kish, Kullab, Lagash, Larsa, Nippur, and Ur. Around 3500 BC, Semite people from the Arabian and Syrian deserts began coming into Ubaidian areas, both peacefully and forcefully. Around 3250 BC, what would later become the Sumerian culture started immigrating to Ubaid territory as well. They brought their own language to the region and there is evidence of Ubaid-Sumerian overlapping of language and customs. Ubaidian traditions were added to by the Uruk culture that came after the Ubaidians.
The Ubaidians were known for their large temples as well as their pottery and their settlement of southern Mesopotamia. Woolley found a huge temple to the earth god Nin-Khursag (Ninhursag). The temple had a dedication inscription (in the Sumerian language) by the king of Ur.
The Mother and Child, and the Original of the Child
While this was the theory, the first person in the Godhead was practically overlooked. As the Great Invisible, taking no immediate concern in human affairs, he was "to be worshipped through silence alone," that is, in point of fact, he was not worshipped by the multitude at all. The same thing is strikingly illustrated in India at this day. Though Brahmà, according to the sacred books, is the first person of the Hindu Triad, and the religion of Hindostan is called by his name, yet he is never worshipped, and there is scarcely a single Temple in all India now in existence of those that were formerly erected to his honor. So also is it in those countries of Europe where the papal system is most completely developed. In papal Italy, as travelers universally admit (except where the Gospel has recently entered), all appearance of worshipping the King Eternal and Invisible is almost extinct, while the Mother and the Child are the grand objects of worship. Exactly so, in this latter respect, also was it in ancient Babylon. The Babylonians, in their popular religion, supremely worshipped a Goddess Mother and a Son, who was represented in pictures and in images as an infant or child in his mother’s arms.
Isis was a vital link between the gods and mankind. The pharaoh was her son, as the living Horus. In the Pyramid Texts the pharaoh suckles as Isis' divine breasts. There are numerous statues and imagery of Isis holding the young Horus in her lap. Often the images of the queen-mother and current pharaoh were styled in the same way. Isis protected Horus during his childhood from his uncle Seth who wished to murder him. It was her hope that he might one day grow up to avenge his father's murder.
According to tradition, Pepi II was the last ruler of Egypt's 6th Dynasty, and in fact the last significant ruler of the Old Kingdom prior to the onset of what Egyptologists call the Fist Intermediate Period. We are told that his reign of possibly 94 (some Egyptologist believe 64) years was the longest in ancient Egyptian history. He seems to have come to the throne at about the age of six, and would therefore have lived until the age of one hundred. However, because of the onset of the First Intermediate Period, the latter part of his reign was probably ineffectual, perhaps at least somewhat due to his advanced age. Both the Oxford History of Ancient Egypt and Peter A. Clayton, have his reign lasting from 2278 until 2184 BC.
In the repertoire of South Indian processional bronzes cast in the Chola period, the least represented subject is the young foster-mother Yashoda nursing the infant Krishna. According to legend, the baby Krishna was secreted away from the murderous King Kamsa of Mathura to be raised in safety by foster parents. This image of unselfconscious tenderness and maternal bliss forecasts Krishna's role as the most human of the gods. Having been raised as if a mortal, he embarks on a series of heroic tasks in the pursuit of justice and order in which he periodically reveals his divine powers to the wonderment of his devotees.
Originally posted by berenike
Here is an ancient Egyptian statuette (second from left) of a nursing mother. Note the long headed child:
This is from the Intermediate period 1550 - 1650 bc
To me, the child looks similar to the Ubaid child in my first post.
[edit on 28-4-2010 by berenike]
Originally posted by Alexander the Great
The one next to it looks like a...marital aid...
This statuette, showing Aphrodite amusing Eros with a whipping top, is unique in the collection of Classical terracottas - this is the only known copy of all the copies with such form. This sculpture illustrates a tendency towards genre sculpture which was characteristic of Hellenic art.
According to Isaiah and Psalms, God forms babies in their mother's womb; life cannot regenerate itself without his help. Thus he remains the sole creator of all life. 24 Thus says the LORD, your Redeemer, who formed you from the womb: "I am the LORD, who made all things, who stretched out the heavens alone, who spread out the earth. (Isa. 44:24) 13 For thou didst form my inward parts, thou didst knit me together in my mother's womb. (Psalms 139:13) 6 Upon thee I have leaned from my birth; thou art he who took me from my mother's womb. (Psalms 71:6) 4. Thinking back to the two creation stories in Genesis 1 and 2. In Gen. 1:9, life began after God divided the watery chaos; and in Gen. 2:6, life began after it was watered-those two symbolize the water in women's wombs. In Gen. 1:26, God made man in his own image, and in Gen. 2:7, God breathed life into him-those acts gave men souls. So a man provides the seed, women provide the water and God gives human life by providing the soul.
Sophia (pronounced sew-fee'ah) in Greek, Hohkma in Hebrew, Sapientia in Latin, Celtic goddess-figure Sheela-na-gigs - all mean wisdom,. The Judeo-Christian God's female soul, source of his true power is Sophia. As Goddess of wisdom and fate , her faces are many: Black Goddess, Divine Feminine, Mother of God The Gnostic Christians, Sophia was the Mother of Creation; her consort and assistant was Jehovah. Her sacred shrine, Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, is one of the seven wonders of the world. Her symbol, the dove, represents spirit; she is crowned by stars, a Middle Eastern icon, to indicate her absolute divinity.
Sophia is found throughout the wisdom books of the Bible. There are references to Her in the book of Proverbs, and in the apocryphal books of Sirach and the Wisdom of Solomon (accepted by Catholics and Orthodox, found in the Greek Septuagint of the early Church).