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Most of the Penan now live a settled existence in longhouses built either by the government or the logging companies. They are still allowed to hunt and gather from the forest, but their settled lifestyle means that resources are becoming scarce around their settlements. Almost all of the jungle outside the national parks has now been selectively logged. So-called 'selective' logging actually means that every single large tree has been felled for timber. The resulting secondary forest has much less wildlife and is more difficult to hunt in due to reduced visibility. The Penan find it very difficult to sustain themselves in secondary forest and must turn to agriculture and wage-labour to get enough food.
While Nestle's change of heart should please conservationists, the news of Nestle's decision to cut Sinar Mas has angered palm oil producers in Indonesia, who are threatening a boycott of Nestle products if the contract is cancelled. The Jakarta Globe quoted an industry spokesman as having said “About 10 million oil palm farmers in 20 Indonesian provinces have stated their readiness to boycott Nestle products. Apkasindo [Indonesian Palm Oil Growers Association] is now preparing to draw up a list of Nestle products on the market."