I was reading some history today and like usual I went off in a tangent ..For your consideration or any one else ..I will start off with my first lead
..1613 . Treaty between the Iroquois and representatives of the Dutch government ...My next find...............
Dutch people, or descendants of Dutch people, are also found in migrant communities worldwide, notably in Suriname, Canada, Australia, South Africa,
New Zealand, and the United States. In the Middle Ages the Northern Low Countries were part of the periphery of the Holy Roman Empire, and the various
territories of which they consisted had de facto become virtually autonomous by the 13th century.
The absence of most natural riches in the region traditionally inhabited by the Dutch, led to a trade-oriented, and trade-dependent, society.
Positioned among some of the most important rivers of Western Europe and near the sea, Dutch cities dominated European and even world trade for more
than a century, lending the Dutch themselves a reputation for being excellent merchants, and, at times, even being synonomous with the word itself.
Dutch immigrants also exported the Dutch language. Dutch was spoken in United States as a native language from the arrival of the first permanent
Dutch settlers in 1615, surviving in isolated ethnic pockets until ~1900, when it ceased to be spoken with the exception of 1st generation Dutch
immigrants. The Dutch language nevertheless had a significant impact on the region around New York. For example, the first language of American
president Martin Van Buren was Dutch....Notice that the wiki entry for the first treaty was 1613 but says 1615 was the first settlers ...
Now if you read threw this link en.wikipedia.org...
You can see that those Dutch were anything but simple and
small . The Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie or VOC in Dutch, literally "United East Indian Company") was a chartered
company established in 1602, when the States-General of the Netherlands granted it a 21-year monopoly to carry out colonial activities in Asia.
The Dutch had settled in America long before the establishment of the United States of America. For a long time the Dutch lived in Dutch colonies,
owned and regulated by the Dutch Republic, which later became part of the Thirteen Colonies.
Most future waves of Dutch immigrants were quickly assimilated. There have been three American presidents of Dutch descent: Martin Van Buren (8th,
first president who was not of British descent, first language was Dutch), Franklin D. Roosevelt (32nd, elected to four terms in office, he served
from 1933 to 1945, the only U.S. president to have served more than two terms) and Theodore Roosevelt (26th).
The name United Empire Loyalists is an honorific name given after the fact to those American Loyalists who resettled in British North America and
other British Colonies as an act of fealty to King George III after the British defeat in the American Revolutionary War and prior to the Treaty of
Paris. They went north because the British offered them free land, or because they rejected the republican ideals of the American Revolution.....This
part seems like a bs statment to me ...
The Pennsylvania Dutch are the descendants of Germanic peoples who emigrated to the U.S. (primarily to Pennsylvania), from Germany, Switzerland and
The Low Countries prior to 1800. The origin of 'Dutch' is a "folk-rendering" of the Pennsylvania Dutch's own self-designation
Deitsch. It corresponds to German Deutsch, and indeed the Pennsylvania Dutch come mostly from what is now Germany rather than the Netherlands
OK so I will end with this ....
Statistically, the VOC eclipsed all of its rivals in the Asia trade. Between 1602 and 1796 the VOC sent almost a million Europeans to work in the Asia
trade on 4,785 ships, and netted for their efforts more than 2.5 million tons of Asian trade goods. By contrast, the rest of Europe combined sent only
882,412 people from 1500 to 1795, and the fleet of the English (later British) East India Company, the VOC’s nearest competitor, was a distant
second to its total traffic with 2,690 ships and a mere one-fifth the tonnage of goods carried by the VOC. The VOC enjoyed huge profits from its spice
monopoly through most of the 17th century.
The Dutch East India Company remained an important trading concern for almost two centuries, paying an 18% annual dividend for almost 200 years. In
its declining years in the late 18th century it was referred to as Vergaan Onder Corruptie (referring to the acronym VOC) which translates as
'Perished By Corruption'. The VOC became bankrupt and was formally dissolved in 1800, its possessions and the debt being taken over by the
government of the Dutch Batavian Republic. The VOC's territories became the Dutch East Indies and were expanded over the course of the 19th century
to include the whole of the Indonesian archipelago, and in the 20th century would form Indonesia.
When we travel the road to Rome one cannot stop and pause at the size of our little dutch friends even less intimading than the Jesuits .........peace
ps I came across paper currency from south africa ...en.wikipedia.org...
scroll down a bit ...