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As the creator deity "par excellence", he was the champion of the poor and central to personal piety. Amun was self created, without mother and father, and during the New Kingdom he became the greatest expression of transcendental deity in Egyptian theology. He was not considered to be immanent within creation nor was creation seen as an extension of himself. Amun-Ra, likewise with the Hebrew creator deity, did not physically engender the universe. His position as King of gods developed to the point of virtual monotheism where other gods became manifestations of him. With Osiris, Amun-Ra is the most widely recorded of the Egyptian gods.
Egypt's Macedonian king Ptolemy I Soter abdicates at age 82 after a 38-year reign that has founded a dynasty that will rule until 30 B.C. He is succeeded by his 23-year-old son, who will reign as Ptolemy II Philadelphus (Greek for brother-loving) until 246 B.C., initially with the Thracian princess Arsinoe, daughter of Lysimachus, as his wife (see 276 B.C.).
Demetrius I Poliorcetes is deserted by his troops and surrenders to Syria's Seleucus I Nicator, who will keep him prisoner until his death in 283 B.C.