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Originally posted by drew hempel
reply to post by FireMoon
[edit on 18-4-2010 by drew hempel]
Later, in 1934 the second saucer, RFZ 2, was ready with a new control system. It was 5m in diameter, emitted a coloured light, and the contour became hazy when it flew. It could fly. In the years until 1940 prototypes were further developed. It had long distance capabilities, and did a flight to South America in 1941. It lacked the manoeuvrability of the ME109, and it was unarmed. It wasn't built in quantity. 1942 saw the lightly armed Vril-1-Jaeger flying. It was 11.5m in diameter, was one seated, could reach supersonic speeds, could do 90 degree turns at full speed, and could leave the atmosphere. 17 copies were built of this model.
The Austrian Schapeller seems to have developed the ideas further during the next 10 years.
These were psychological test weapons to gauge the Allied bomber crews response to the strange machines that defied explanation and which could out-maneuver the Allied aircraft at will. If they were destroyed it was no loss, yet most of them were brought back down to earth for retrieval and re-use.
The first documented attack of the "Foo Fighters" came on November 23, 1944. A Bristol Beaufighter of the 415th NFS based in Dijon 20 miles from Strasbourg was attacked by ten reddish spheres of small diameter- most likely AEG Kugelwaffen aerial probes. The aircraft's radar ceased to function.
The British science fiction writer H.G. Wells, in the article "Man of the Year Million" in 1893, describes humanity transformed into a race of gray-skinned beings, stunted and with big heads. In his book "The First Men in the Moon" in 1901, Selenites, or natives of the Moon, are described as having gray skin, big heads, large black eyes and wasp stings. In 1933, the Swedish novelist Gustav Sandgren, using the pen name Gabriel Linde, published a science fiction novel called Den okända faran (The Unknown Danger), where he describes a race of extraterrestrials: "[...] the creatures did not resemble any race of humans. They were short, shorter than the average Japanese, and their heads were big and bald, with strong, square foreheads, and very small noses and mouths, and weak chins. What was most extraordinary about them were the eyes – large, dark, gleaming, with a sharp gaze. They wore clothes made of soft grey fabric, and their limbs seemed to be similar to those of humans." The novel was aimed at young readers, and it included illustrations of the aliens. In 1965, newspaper reports of the Betty and Barney Hill abduction brought Greys to international attention. The alleged abductees, Betty and Barney Hill, claimed to have been abducted by alien beings and taken to a saucer-shaped spaceship in 1961. The term "Greys" did not come into usage until many years later, but the alleged beings described by Betty and Barney Hill generally fit many of the common traits of what we now call Greys.
While the first shape memory alloy was discovered in 1932, it wasn’t until the early 1960’s that the nickel-titanium SMA’s were first discovered by Buehler. He was working at the Naval Ordinance Laboratory at the time, hence the name Nitinol. His discovery formed the basis of the first commercial shape memory alloy.
Unfortunately for the engine, Germany was in desperate straits for such materials as chromium, molybdenum, nickel, titanium, and tungsten. The new advanced submarine construction program had a higher priority than jet engines. The production engine was therefore built with only about one-third of the vital high-grade steel. The primitive turbine blade design, rigidly mounted, imposed such stress that the inferior metal used in the compressor blades failed often and early. Nickel was the most critical element, chromium was less critical. The tiniudur alloy used, in increasing order: titanium 6%, Nickel 30%, Chromium 12% balance Iron.
It appears that the study represents first-ever attempts in creating highly novel and advanced Titanium alloys.... Nitinol (a lightweight Nickel-Titanium alloy that is the “Cadillac” of memory metals) finds its history in late 1940s metallurgical work at Battelle — in studies that were contracted by Wright Patterson in the months immediately following the Roswell crash.