Def can help you here. im 35, been into astronomy since i was 11. Got my first telescope when i was 13, a celestron 4.5 inch reflector.
Well, do research before buying anything! And know what you want, but it can become an expensive hobby, mostly in eyepieces.
A refractor, gives the clearest views, but you wont find them over 5 inches, and their notoriously expensive for what your getting.
A reflector, yuor best bet, big and bulky, give you the closest powerful views, hence forth thier known as 'light buckets'. Youget way more per
aperture compared to refractors. Most are dobsonian mounted, meaing thier in a base that turns 360 degrees. You can refit them to use 2 inch eyepieces
instead of 1.25 inch. They will without question give you yuor bang for yuor buck. The downside is, their unpractical to put on any kind of mount,
since they still come in longish tubes, theymsot liekly will be usntable, unless you invest a few grand in a sturdy base.
Then, commonly are cassegrains. Yup thier a few thousand, but are typicaly fork mounted and do track objects across the sky secifically for
photography. An example would be like Mead schmiddt cassegrains. But hey go for $900 and up used* $1,400 brand new,a nd thats jsut for an 8 inch.
Refractors take the incoming objects light, and project it right through the eyepice. Reflectors bounce the light image off a primary mirror, off a
2ndary mirror, then into the eyepice.
cassigrains, on front lens, have a black ring, thats its 2ndary mirror, which is manufactured on the outside of the lens, so its just a slight drop
in percentage of light, the light is bounced back and forth 3 times inside the tube before it gets tot he eyepice. but at least thier sturdy on
eyepices, arnt that bad, but Naglers are viewed as the best eyepices available.but be prepaired to spend major $$$ on one..typically they go for
$240 and up! really, you can go to Celestron.com or Oriontelescopes.com, and find a 5 or 6 elemnt eyepiece for $30 or $40 and up. remember, the lower
the mm numbered eyepice, the more detail and closer the object will be..the higher the mm number the farther away it kinda appears, thier wide feild
eyepices, meaning thier used to observe objects over a wide area. their are some with exit pupil holes, so yuo dont strain the hell out of your eye,
cost a bit mor, but well worth it for any astornomer.
MY advice...go to celestron.com or Oriontelescopes.com thiers also discovery telescopes.com
remember also, the bigger the scope the more yuo will see. DOnot expect too see all those bight reds, oranges, yellows, blues with galaxys,
nebulas ect. even witht he largest telescopes on earth! thiers almost no color. The only way yuo will get color, is tracking the object through the
ky, and letting its light build up on film. nowadays, their portable PC, software linked up to it. The only real colors you will see, are on the
planets. an 8 inch reflfector will show much more detail than a 4 inch refractor. for a backyard scope, anyting over 12.5 inches is considered
impractical, because of atmospheric dustrbaces. Mead has a starfinder 16 inch scope, whcih used to come on a mount, but it was very very weak, and
often counted suport the weight of the scope, so thats why yuo will only find them in dobsonian models. its just too big and heavy, unless you have a
small backyard observatory you made the fine.
for cameras, i never got into it, but read tons. most traditional astrophotographers, liek to use an old model camera not found anymore..a 35mm
with a T fitting on the eyepice, and a thumb click device to the camera, allowing the shutter to stay open as long as yuo like. all cameras today ars
SLR's..the shutter will only stay open for 7 to 15 seconds, when maybe yuo need 35 minutes or more. they cannot perfrom that.
thats where digital cameras come in and portable laptops. you take a serious of phtos on it, stacking up the images over and over again to get one
image. yuode have to read more on that, it is expensive, but its where astrophotography has been placed to date.
good luck in yuor journeys and findings! and hope my info has helped. as a famous tv guy in 80's about astornomy said... 'keep looking