Originally posted by Maddogkull
Also another one, what is the difference between Catholics, Born Again Christians(Latter-Day Saints), Gnosticism, and Anglican, and United.
Latter-Day Saints are actually Mormon, which are different than Evangelical Christians, who often say they have been born again.
I'm not sure who the United are you refer to, but as to the others...
Catholics are part of the Catholic Church, which is actually the evolution of the original church planted in Rome by both Paul and Peter. In the first
and second centuries, there were many Gnostics as well as other philosophies that were trying to ride Christianity to popularity. To do this, many
would attribute names to their letters that were known in Christian circles, such as Paul. Paul even makes a point in one of his epistles to point out
that he is not an impostor, and that the folks at the church would recognize his handwriting.
As a result of this, early church leaders established a leadership hierarchy, with bishops at the head of each church, as well as the bishop of Rome
being the head bishop. This was originally in response to these other philosophies trying to corrupt Christianity.
This entity eventually became the Catholic church. It is a church steeped in tradition with a hierarchical rule, culminating with the Pope.
It was this organization becoming political rather than Christ centered which brought about the Lutheran and, from that, most denominations of
Christianity. At the time of Martin Luther, the church was in dire need of money. To resolve this issue, the Catholic church started to sell
Indulgences. This was where a person could actually pay for forgiveness for a sin. This outraged many, since no longer was Christ the forgiver of
sins, but the Catholic Church was. This caused a rupture in the church akin to what is described in the Bible with the tower of Babel. Man decided to
dictate the path to God, and God, like in the story of Babel, split the church into many denominations.
Today, many of those denominations are starting to realize that Christ is the center of all of them, and they are coming together. This is in line
with Christ's prayer in John 17 -- that we might be one with one another as Christ is one with His Father.
Gnosticism, on the other hand, believes and preaches "secret" truths. They started to corrupt Christianity by stating that the spiritually
enlightened were visited by Christ after His resurrection and were given secret information. Gnosticism, originally, basically taught that, matter
being evil, God the Creator was also evil, and so they developed a pantheon of spirits emanating from Him, with God Creator being the lowest who
mistakenly created the universe.
This was responded quite well to by Irenaeus, who was the bishop of Lyons. He argued that "the idea of one almighty, good Creator-God was so basic to
the worldview of the scriptures and apostles that to turn it inside-out, with a panoply of gods and an evil creator, was not to reveal the deeper
mysteries of the faith but to invent a whole new one. " (A Short History of Christianity, Stephen Tompkins)
Mormons believe in the book of Mormon as being the third Testament (you've heard of the Old and New Testaments) to the Bible, and the one that trumps
all other things written. This was written by Joseph Smith and published in 1830. This book claims precedent, over all others ever written, and is
encouraged to be the filter through which all other scripture is read. A difference between Evangelical Christians, who typically believe all of
scripture is a filter unto itself, and that if any new prophecy (information directly from God) contradicts the whole of scripture, either
specifically or in spirit, that prophecy is inaccurate.
As to the Anglican church, it was generally begun because Henry VIII wanted a divorce without his wife having committed adultery. This was the first
split (I believe) from the Catholic Church and, instead of placing the Pope as the direct conduit to God, it placed the King of England there.
That's a very brief (believe it or not) summary of the differences between them. If you want to elaborate on what you mean by United, I may have even
more to write
As to the first part of your question, I'm not sure where that is in scripture... Do you have a book, chapter and verse handy?