Whether life exists elsewhere in our universe is a longstanding mystery. But for some scientists, there?s another interesting question: could
there be life in a universe significantly different from our own?
A definitive answer is impossible, since we have no way of directly studying other universes. But cosmologists speculate that a multitude of other
universes exist, each with its own laws of physics. Recently physicists at MIT have shown that in theory, alternate universes could be quite congenial
to life, even if their physical laws are very different from our own.
In work recently featured in a cover story in Scientific American, MIT physics professor Robert Jaffe, former MIT postdoc, Alejandro Jenkins, and
recent MIT graduate Itamar Kimchi showed that universes quite different from ours still have elements similar to carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, and
could therefore evolve life forms quite similar to us. Even when the masses of the elementary particles are dramatically altered, life may find a
Elements similar to carbon, hydrogen and oxygen!! Thats an interesting concept. Particles that are built differently but still posess the
characteristics of elements known in our universe. It seems like a stretch but is interesting none the less.
Modern cosmology theory holds that our universe may be just one in a vast collection of universes known as the multiverse. MIT physicist Alan Guth
has suggested that new universes (known as “pocket universes”) are constantly being created, but they cannot be seen from our universe.
In this view, “nature gets a lot of tries — the universe is an experiment that’s repeated over and over again, each time with slightly different
physical laws, or even vastly different physical laws,” says Jaffe.
Some of these universes would collapse instants after forming; in others, the forces between particles would be so weak they could not give rise to
atoms or molecules. However, if conditions were suitable, matter would coalesce into galaxies and planets, and if the right elements were present in
those worlds, intelligent life could evolve.
It's about time science accepted the fact that just because our universe seems fine tuned for life does not mean that life couldn't arise under very
different initial conditions.
Some physicists have theorized that only universes in which the laws of physics are “just so” could support life, and that if things were even
a little bit different from our world, intelligent life would be impossible. In that case, our physical laws might be explained “anthropically,”
meaning that they are as they are because if they were otherwise, no one would be around to notice them.
Jaffe and his collaborators felt that this proposed anthropic explanation should be subjected to more careful scrutiny, and decided to explore whether
universes with different physical laws could support life.
The full article is a very interesting read.