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ScienceDaily (Dec. 31, 2009) — Most of the carbon dioxide emitted by human activity does not remain in the atmosphere, but is instead absorbed by the oceans and terrestrial ecosystems. In fact, only about 45 percent of emitted carbon dioxide stays in the atmosphere.
Originally posted by DaRAGE
You do know that the oceans are currently SATURATED with CO2 dont you? Due to this CO2 saturation in the oceans, it is turning more acidic which hampers the devolopment of corals, shelled creatures such as crabs and the most important being plankton. IT also hurts the fish eggs with thier thin membrane walls....
The new study goes against a long-held belief that older carbon is less palatable to simple organisms, Hood added.
For instance, in most of the world's water bodies, the older the carbon, the less easily microbes can digest it.
"That's the stuff that's been worked over—it's no good," Hood said. "But in our case the older it was, the more the microbes wanted to eat it."
That's mainly because glacial carbon is made of dead microbes that have been essentially preserved in ice.
The dead microbes contain more easily digestible nitrogen and not much lignin, a plant compound that's tough for microbes to break down.
Overall, the contribution of glaciers to the productivity of rivers and oceans is "greatly underappreciated," the study authors write.
"It's good to understand the uniqueness of glacier ecosystems and the important role that they play as a source of water and nutrients," Hood added.
Originally posted by bigyin
Now we find there has been no rise in CO2 in the atmosphere ... we have been lied to... simple as.
Please wake up.
Primary aerosol formation, also known as homogeneous aerosol formation results when gaseous SO2 combines with water to form aqueous sulfuric acid (H2SO4). This acidic liquid solution is in the form of a vapor and condenses onto particles of solid matter, either meteoritic in origin or from dust carried from the surface to the stratosphere. Secondary or heterogeneous aerosol formation occurs when H2SO4 vapor condenses onto existing aerosol particles. Existing aerosol particles or droplets also run into each other, creating larger particles or droplets in a process known as coagulation. The larger the particles or droplets, the shorter their residence time in the stratosphere and the less effective they are at scattering visible sunlight.
What are the effects of sulphur dioxide on people?
For longer exposures, sulphur dioxide levels above 0.15 ppm have been linked with increased hospital admissions for cardiac or respiratory illnesses. Long-term exposures to 0.027 to 0.031 ppm of sulphur dioxide with high levels of particulate matter in the air have been associated with an increase in respiratory illnesses in children.
A million tons of sulfur dioxide would be needed to begin the cooling process. Luckily SO2, a byproduct of coal-burning power plants, is a common industrial chemical.
Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (COLD) in smelter workers is accepted as an occupational disease under sections 1(1)(n) and 122 of the Workers' Compensation Act as peculiar to and characteristic of exposure to Sulphur Dioxide (SO2) and particulates.
Acceptance of a claim is dependent on objective medical evidence of COLD and impaired pulmonary function.
A diagnosis of primary bronchiectasis, chronic upper respiratory disease, or primary asthma without the presence of COLD is not considered an acceptable basis to claim under this policy.
Based on medical studies, claims for COLD with impairment shall be favourably considered when all of the following circumstances apply.
Nature of exposure
A clear and adequate history of exposure to any smelting process involving the production of sulphur dioxide and particulates as a significant by-product of the process must be established. This includes roasting, smelting, converting of metallic ores, and the secondary production of sulphuric acid.
Intensity of exposure
Sulphur dioxide exposure is established when levels of more than 5 parts per million (5 p.p.m.) are recorded repeatedly over the exposure period.
Duration of exposure
A minimum of 20 years established exposure.