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The myth of Hercules suggests in certain features the Hindu saga of the hero Krishna, who like many heroes escapes a general infanticide, and is then brought up by a herder's wife, Iasodha. A wicked she-demon appears, who has been sent by King Kansa to kill the boy. She takes the post of wet nurse in the home, but is recognized by Krishna, who bites her so severely in suckling--like Hera, when nursing Hercules, whom she also means to destroy--that she dies
Dr Suriya Gunasekera a reputed historian in an article to Rivira a weekend newspaper states that Rawana the powerful great administrator and Emperor ruled over seven continents from Lanka. They were the modern South America, Southern Europe; Himalaya including the Hindukush mountain range and continents up to Madagascar.
According to the belief of Sri Lankan populace the only tsunami they have ever heard before was the one that took place nearly 2,200 years ago during the reign of the King Kelanitissa. This tsunami is recorded in Mahawansa and is accepted as a tsunami.
Since the last tsunami of 2004 which shocked the world many evidences of many tsunamis that had taken place since prehistory were highlighted. It’s interesting to note that more frequent tsunamis have shattered the isle of Lanka than most of us have ever thought. Information of different incidents related to earthquakes and tsunamis can be gathered by carefully studying diverse sources of history.
The first incident, which has not been recorded in any of the ancient Sri Lankan texts, allegedly has taken place at the end of Rawana’s reign. According to Ramayana, Rawana’s kingdom, with 25 Palace’s and over 400,000 streets were swallowed by the sea. Let’s think over whether it could have actually happened. Though the exact location of the Rawana’s kingdom is not historically identified but it is accepted as Sri Lanka. However, with the findings of rock edicts pertaining to Rawana and his dynasty in Sri Lanka, it proves that Sri Lanka is the Lanka stated in Ramayana. So it was quite possible that this pre-historic or rather pre-Mahawansa kingdom near present Arugambay has been completely destroyed by a tsunami or an earthquake.
This provides an answer to the question if there had been beyond doubt a ‘Rawana’s kingdom’ in the pre-Mahawansa period and why we cannot find any evidence of it today. If it were entirely submerged by sea, as described in the script, there could not have been any traces of this kingdom on the land. It is quite probable that the remaining land area of Sri Lanka is the tiny portion of the massive Rawana’s kingdom, which had been several times bigger. Why cannot the rock islands, on which the light houses Great Basses (Maha Rawana) and Little Basses (Kuda Rawana) stand were remaining parts of the Rawana’s kingdom?
According to Ramayana Sri Lanka was a huge continent.
The lost continent of Lemuria (Mu) was originally referenced in the works of several 19th century scientists. Observing similarities between the geology and fauna of India and Madagascar, some scientists theorized that there once existed a huge land mass (Lemuria) in the Indian Ocean that spanned the two locales. As with Atlantis, the days of Lemuria came to an end with a cataclysmic natural disaster that sank the continent into the sea. Lemuria was originally an hypothesised continent in the southern Indian Ocean, proposed in 1860 by the geologist William T Blandford (1832-1905) as a means of explaining the presence of identical Permian rocks in South Africa and Gondwana (in southern India). Geologists noted that strata of Permian age in India, South Africa, Australia, and South America (245 to 286 million years ago) were almost identical in the types of sedimentary rocks that comprised them. In addition, these strata on these continents contained identical fossils of land plants, e.g. cordaites and "Glossopteris" and land animals, e.g. Therapsids.
Because these land plants and animals could not have crossed the open sea and continents were thought to be immobile, geologists explained the presence of identical fossil plants and animals on India, Africa, South America, and Australia by postulating the existence of land bridges and even whole continents that had long since sunk beneath the oceans. In 1864, the English zoologist Philip Lutley Sclater (1829-1913) suggested the name Lemuria for this land bridge, and the name stuck.
Around the same time, Ernst Häckel (1834-1919), a German biologist, saw this as an explanation for the presence of lemurs in Madagascar and south-east Asia; he also proposed that lemurs were our ancestors and that this land bridge was the original home of humanity.
Haekel used it to explain the distribution of lemurs in Africa, India, Madagascar, and Malaya.
[edit on 16-12-2009 by Indigo_Child]
In 1999, drilling by the JOIDES Resolution research vessel in the Indian Ocean discovered evidence  that a large island, the Kerguelen Plateau, was submerged about 20 million years ago by rising sea levels.
In the 1930s the world was stunned by the claim of a Hungarian scientist living in Paris that Easter Island's rongorongo had derived from the Indus Valley script of approximately 2000 BC. The "Indus Valley Hypothesis," as it came to be known, was of course eventually silenced by those remindful of the realities of time and distance -- 4,000 years and nearly half-way round the world
The Indo-European Family is thought to have originated in the forests north of the Black Sea (in what is now Ukraine) during the Neoloithic period (about 7000BC). These people bagan to migrate between 3500BC and 2500BC, spreading west to Europe, south to the Mediterranian, north to Scandinavia, and east to India.
According to a controversial theory by Italian journalist Sergio Frau, the Pillars of Hercules in fact referred to the area of water between "Greater Sicily" (including Malta, Sicily, and the surrounding islands joined by a land bridge) and Tunisia.
Dr. P. V. Vartak from Pune carefully studied the astronomical references in these texts and corroborated the same with historical and archeological evidences. All in all, it is possible to state that the dates as derived by Dr. P.V. Vartak are more accurate than the various other dates propounded by other scholars who have been carried away by the statements made by Western scholars who have been prejudiced against the richness of the Indian Civilization in the past and have always tried to attribute much later dates and consequently to denigrate the glorious past of India.
Dr. Vartak concludes that Ramayana must have occurred 9600 years ago, which is 7600 B.C approximately
Placing the Ramayana in the historical context is yet an unfinished task, as witnessed by endless debates among archaeologists, historians and literary pundits. The present analysis is a modest attempt to use astronomy, astrology and the science of time together in elevating the status of Ramayana from an epic to a chronological reality. Astonishingly, the ancient Indians had an accurate method of time easurement. They regularly and systematically recorded the `tithis’, days marked according to the phases of the Moon, the months, the seasons, solstices, equinoxes and the positions of astrologically relevant luminaries like the Sun, the Jupiter, the Venus, and so on. In other words, the timings of events were recorded in the astronomical format. To convert this coded information on heavenly positions into a simple calendrical timeline, all that is needed is a database of ephemeris. Sage Valmiki, the celebrated composer of the Ramayana records the birth of Rama in Uttarayana (the Divine Half-year), in the Chaitra month, in the bright fortnight, on the ninth day, in the Punarvasu nakshatra, on a Monday, and under Karka lagna. Valmiki further details the birth with various planetary positions in the zodiac : Sun in Mesha at 10 deg., Mars in Capricorn at 28 degree, Jupiter in Cancer at 5 deg., Venus in Pisces at 27 deg. and Saturn in Libra at 20 deg. These starry configurations are so unique that they have occurred only once so far in measurable history and this helps us to fix the important date, the birthday of Rama, as the 4th of December, 7323 BC.
Originally posted by Indigo_Child
In this case one of the conventions is the Aryan invasion of India in 1500BCE and the beginning of the Vedic period of India in 1200BCE. I am sure you are aware, as you cited Koenrad, that this convention is strongly challenged by many scholars today. On the grounds of the near total absence of evidence to support that this invasion or migration actually took place. Secondly, because the vast archeological evidence collected from the excavations of the Indus valley civilisation demonstrate that the Vedic literature and the Indus valley match. Some of the features:
Indian society was vedic from the very beginning of its recorded history.
This clearly means, therefore, that the Indo-Aryans are indigenous to India. That is in turn consistent with the fact that the Vedic people never claimed a home outside of India and record their history in India going back more than 5000 years. Even Greek scholars record the same.
This establishes therefore that the Indo-Europeans originated in India, and migrated outside of India. Therefore, proto-Greeks must have originated in India and their distant memories and legends therefore must be Indian.
The supposed Aryan Invasion is certainly spurious, but that by no means indicates anything at all about the origins of proto-Greeks.
And, since there exists no evidence whatsoever of any ancient Greek legend of Atlantis, nor any such legend in Egypt, as was claimed by Plato's Critias, it's simply foolish to posit that the idea came from anything in Vedic literature.
Also, if you would consider bothering to read Plato's Critias and Timaeus, you'd see that it is equally foolish to make some claim about how he didn't mean Gibraltar. It is perfectly clear that he's talking about the Straits of Gibraltar. There is just no question about it. In fact, it's referred to as the Straits of Heracles in the Critias, and is described as the boundary between the Mediterreanean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
Plato could have placed Atlantis anywhere he wanted since he made the entire thing up anyway. But the area beyond Gibraltar was ideal for his story because what lay beyond was a giant mystery for the people of his culture.