posted on Dec, 14 2009 @ 04:05 PM
Most of the people killed, need the mangroves to sustain themselves and their families. Mangroves are a fragile, important ecosystem. They offer
protection against floods and erosion and are a breeding ground for many fish-species. Local fishermen, honeygatherers and firewoodcollectors entering
the Sundarbans are not the problem. Much more dangerous is the destruction of this ecosystem to make place for
farms or arable land.
Most tigers don't become man-eaters, but those who have tasted human flesh generally keep on killing humans. More encounters between tigers and men
means more people will be killed by tigers. Sundarban tigers don't fear humans. In fact, they also enter villages and kill livestock and people.
Female tigers teach this hunting strategies to their offspring.
The occasional killing of a man-eating tiger will prevent most tiger attacks. Sundarban tigers will develop a healthy fear of humans. In the long run,
this will both protect mangroves, as a ecosystem and Sundarban tigers, as top predators. I think this is preferable to possible alternatives like:
1 Bringing suffering to local people, by forbidding them to enter the mangroves. - Many local people will have to leave the land of their ancestors
and move to the cities. Poverty and homelessness are already a depressing sight in Bangladesh and India.
2 Allow the locals to enter the mangroves, but neither the government nor the commoners act against man eating tigers. The number of man-eating tigers
will increase. The live of a tiger becomes higher valued, than the live of a human. This is easy to suggest for someone, who lives far removed from
nature and gets his food from a supermarket, but IMHO this is an amoral decision.
3 Destroying of the mangroves to allow locals an alternative lifestyle like shrimp farming. This is for the conservationist certainly the least
attractive option. The mangroves are an important ecosystem, which is difficult to use. Furthermore, the population densities in Bangladesh and India
are very high. Under similar conditions European ecosystems like swamps and primary forests have been cultivated to make place for arable land. Such a
destruction could also happen in the Sundarbans.