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From Chattah Box News Blog
Oregon Caves Yield Rare Pre-Clovis Artifact 14,230 Years Old
(ChattahBox)—A series of caves and rock shelters located in the Summer Lake Basin north of Paisley in south-central Oregon, may hold evidence of the earliest Native Americans living in North America that has ever been discovered. An unassuming scraper-like tool fashioned from bone, found in one of the Paisley Caves, has been definitively carbon-dated as 14,230 years old, which is the oldest and only pre-Clovis artifact ever found in the Americas.
This exciting discovery lays waste to a still predominant theory that the earliest human inhabitants of North America, referred to as the Clovis culture, arrived here 12,900 to 12,400 years ago, while crossing the Bering Strait.
Scientists believe that pre-Clovis peoples migrated here south along the North American coastlines. The Paisley Caves are located upriver from the Pacific Ocean, placing them along the possible migration route of pre-Clovis Native Americans.
The recent excavation of the Paisley Caves was conducted by the Northern Great Basin Field School, with the University of Oregon, lead by archaeologist Dennis L. Jenkins. The head archaeologist presented his team’s exciting finding last month in a lecture at the University of Oregon. He explained that the simple bone tool was subjected to studies of sediment and radiocarbon dating, which suggested it belonged to a pre Clovis culture.
Jon Erlandson, an archaeologist at the University of Oregon said, “They can’t yet rule out the Paisley Cave people weren’t Clovis.” But none of the Clovis people’s distinct fluted spear and arrow points were found in the cave.
The only other American archaeological site older than Clovis, is at Monte Verde in Chile, which is about 13,900 years old.
Jenkins’ new finding lends further support to the theory that a pre-Clovis culture once inhabited the Paisley Caves. Last year, his team found coprolites, which are fossilized human excrement, that were dated to 14,000 to 14,270 years old. A DNA analysis showed that the coprolites were indeed human.
But experts questioned the age of the coprolites, suggesting that they were younger than the sediments they were found in. Other archaeologists questioned the pre-Clovis age of the coprolites, because no artifacts were found to corroborate their age.
Now, with the definitive find of a bone artifact, dating to 14,230 years old, archaeologists are starting to take notice of the importance of the Paisley Caves, as holding the key to the earliest human inhabitants of North America.
“The dating of the bone tool, and the finding that the sediments encasing it range from 11,930 to 14,480 years old might put these questions to rest. You couldn’t ask for better dated stratigraphy,” said Jenkins.
In 1959, the partial skeletal remains of an ancient woman estimated to be 10,000 years old were unearthed in Arlington Springs on Santa Rosa Island, one of the eight Channel Islands off the southern California coast. They were discovered by Phil C. Orr, curator of anthropology and natural history at the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. The remains of the
so-called Arlington Springs woman were recently reanalyzed by the latest radiocarbon dating techniques and were found to be approximately 13,000 years old.
The new date makes her remains older than any other known human skeleton found so far in North America.
The discovery challenges the popular belief that the first colonists to North America arrived at the end of the last ice age about 11,500 years ago by crossing a Bering land bridge that connected Siberia to Alaska and northwestern Canada. The earlier date and the location of the woman's remains on the island adds weight to an alternative theory that some early settlers may have constructed boats and migrated from Asia by sailing down the Pacific coast.
The Arlington Springs woman lived during the end of the Pleistocene era when large herds of bison and woolly mammoths roamed the grassy plains and other extinct native American animals such as camels, horses, and saber-toothed cats were still around.
The remains of Pleistocene-era animals have been discovered on Santa Rosa Island where the Arlington Springs woman was found. In 1994, the world's most complete skeleton of a pygmy mammoth, a dwarf species, was also excavated here.
Monte Verde is an archaeological site in south-central Chile, which has been dated to 14,500 years BP (Before Present). This dating adds to the evidence showing that settlement in the Americas pre-dates the Clovis culture by roughly 1000 years. This contradicts the previously accepted "Clovis First" Model which holds that settlement of the Americas began after 13,500 years BP (Before Present). The Monte Verde findings were initially dismissed by most of the scientific community, but in recent years the evidence has become more widely accepted in some archaeological circles, although vocal "Clovis First" advocates remain.
According to Tom Dillehay and his team, the Monte Verde site was occupied around 14,800 – 13,800 BP by about twenty to thirty people. A twenty-foot-long tent-like structure of wood and animal hides was erected on the banks of the creek and was framed with logs and planks staked in the ground, making walls of poles covered with animal hides. Using ropes made of local reeds, the hides were tied to the poles creating separate living quarters within the main structure. Outside the tent-like structure, two large hearths had been built for community usage, most probably for tool making and craftwork.
Haplogroup - First appearing about 50,000 years ago, Haplogroup B is found in around 20% of people from East Asia. It was also one of the founding lineages in the Americas.
Topper is an archaeological site located along the Savannah River in Allendale County, South Carolina in the United States. It is noted as the location of controversial artifacts believed by some archaeologists to indicate human habitation of the New World as far back as 50,000 years ago.
Monte Verde is an archaeological site in south-central Chile, which has been dated to 14,500 years before present. It pre-dates the earliest known Clovis culture site of Clovis, New Mexico, by 1000 years, contradicting the previously accepted "Clovis model" which holds that settlement of the Americas began after 13,500 years before present. As such the Monte Verde findings were initially dismissed by most of the scientific community, but in recent years the evidence has been widely accepted, although vocal "Clovis-first" advocates remain.
Cactus Hill is an archaeological site in the U.S. state of Virginia. It lies in the southeastern part of the state on the Nottoway River roughly 45 miles south of Richmond. The site, owned by the International Paper Corporation, is situated on sand dunes above the river. The site has yielded multiple levels of early occupation. Archaic stage material is underlain by fluted stone tools associated with the Clovis culture dated to 10,920 BP. A lower level yields artifacts including unfluted bifacial stone tools with dates ranging from c. 15,000 to 17,000 years ago. White pine charcoal from a hearth context on this level dates to 15,070 radiocarbon years BP. Further charcoal deposits retrieved at the site date to as early as 19,700 years ago, although these deposits may have been made by forest fires.Cactus Hill is arguably the oldest archaeological dig in North America.
The calendar round was adequate for most common purposes, since the lifespan of the average Maya would not typically have exceeded 52 years. But an entirely different calendar system called the “long count” was used to date events in relation to one another and to describe dates far in the past or future. The long count calendar, like the tzolk’in, is not astronomically calibrated. It consists of five nested cycles of increasing size, and dates were written in a kind of positional notation. Dates inscribed on buildings and stelae usually include the long count, haab, and tzolk’in notations. Most anthropologists agree that the long count date 0 corresponds to the Gregorian date August 11, 3114 BCE, and that the last date expressible in the same iteration of the long count will be December 21, 2012. Among New Age and occultist circles, much portentous fanfare has been made of the correspondence of this terminal date with some sort of impending global cataclysm.
But the new evidence strongly suggests that it was the impact event 12,900 years ago which triggered the YD. The evidence for the event (and its timing) is considerable, including not just nanodiamonds, but enrichment in Iridium (to 5,000 times background crust levels) and Nickel, and extraterrestrial Helium. Furthermore, the impactor probably exploded in the atmosphere, releasing tremendous quantities of heat which ignited forest fires over much of North America. The signs of massive burning are also numerous, including charcoal, soot, PAHs (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), carbon spherules, glass-like carbon, and fullerenes. As fascinating as is the climate impact of such an event, the effects on living things are equally thought-provoking. The Clovis people of prehistoric North America (known for the use of the “Clovis point” to tip their spears) declined quickly after the event, and the YD impact is suggested as a trigger; Clovis artifacts are plentiful in sediments below the layer containing the evidence of impact, but practically absent from layers above it. In fact the YD impact is suggested as the root cause of the extinction of megafauna like Mammoths and Mastodons, which would have suffered greatly from destruction of their ecosystem by wildfires, and reduced food supply due to other ecological changes. Hence their eradication may have had nothing to do with overhunting by early humans, but been due to destruction wrought by the impact of an extraterrestrial object.
Originally posted by Donny 4 million
reply to post by Harte
Help me out here. If you can.
Was there a mistake in identification or was it more like a hoax?