Here's an excerpt from my newest e-book on the subject of the etymologies of the various ancient gods. It isn't referenced yet, meaning there are
no footnotes at this time and no reference links. Still, I thought you might enjoy reading it, although I'm only providing the first portion. I
should also mention, even though it is well researched, some of my theories and hypotheses have changed ever so slightly since these pages were
written, particularly as regards Enki-Ea. But that's for another post. Anyway, without further ado (hope you like it and it isn't confusing!):
GOD, GODS AND HALF A GOD
by E. Vegh © 2009
Heartily know, When half-gods go, The gods arrive.
- Ralph Waldo Emerson
....Many a theory has been proposed as to the identity of the ancient gods. Some believe them to be nothing but metaphors for the stars and planets.
Others see them as isolated, cultural phenomenon, more related to blind acts of nature than intelligent forces. And yet more view them as
extra-terrestrials or supernatural entities beyond our comprehension.
....Of the myriad ways in which the gods can be defined, even amongst believers, the definitions vary. However, this book will attempt to prove that
not one, but all of the previous theories are true! It will do so with the help of etymologies, concordances, archaeology and ancient translations.
You will discover the gods of almost every era of the ancient past are related, etymologically and archaeologically, to the gods of the oldest known
written records. The path is clearly marked, if you know where to look, how to look, and what to do with the information once you have it.
....What that means for us today is quite profound! We have the benefit of thousands of years of research, ancient texts and archaeology to draw from,
with more hard and fast data than ever before. And what the evidence is telling objective researchers is nothing short of astounding.
....So, without further ado, I offer the reader this book of my forays into the etymology of the divine, "God, Gods and Half a God: Unravelling the
A God by Any Other Name
“Great gods who are standing here! Anuna, who have lined up in the place of assembly!” - Enlil
....During the time of ancient Babylon, the planet Jupiter was known as the god Marduk. The ancient text entitled, "The Enuma Elish", declares the
elevation of Marduk to godhood and, as a result, his assimilation of the planet Jupiter. Although it was not called Jupiter prior to or during
Marduk's reign, it is understood today, that Marduk was indeed the name of Jupiter during ancient Babylon. So did anyone hold the title of the
planetary god, Jupiter, prior to Marduk? Just how far back does it go?
....The answer can be found in the earliest texts known to man, the ancient texts of the sumerians. In fact, the sumerian god Enlil was the first
holder of the planetary title of Jupiter. At that time, however, it was called Nibru, the planet or place of the crossing. As Nibru would cross the
river of the sky, it was thought to also cross the Euphrates River on the Earth. Thus Enlil's temple city in ancient Sumer was called "Nibru" and
built on a crossing place of the Euphrates, in commemoration.
....Enlil's position as leader of the planetary gods was a fitting tribute, as he was also considered to be the leader of the sumerian gods. He
presided over the Divine Council from his sumerian temple city of Nibru. Although some later texts claim he had a father known as An or Anu, it would
appear to be a title of authority, later misconstrued to be a separate entity. The most logical reason for this interpretation is the lack of a
planetary body to associate An/Anu with and the direct reference to Enlil as the leader of the gods, a title of authority also associated with An/Anu.
In addition, the word An and even Anu, are both words translated to mean LORD HEAVEN, which is also the translation of "Enlil", who is Lord Sky and
Lord of the Heavens, as the god of the largest planetary body, Nibru (Jupiter). In short, the etymology would be An=En(lil).
....Enlil wasn't alone in Sumer, however, as he doled out the tasks of overseeing the affairs of men to his son, the god, Enki, who was Lord Earth
and god of the sweet waters and waters of chaos (a precursor to the babylonian Tiamat). Enki resided in the sumerian temple city of Eridu and was
famous for bringing the arts of civilization to the human race. You can see his tracks throughout ancient history, as the great dragon, the god of
water, the serpent lord and he who brings enlightenment (civilization) to man.
....So now that we've established the planetary god, Jupiter (Enlil) and his son, Lord Earth (Enki), were in residence in ancient Sumer, let's
follow their etymological footsteps through history to see just how far they go!
Enlil in heaven, Enlil is king!
- excerpt from "Enlil and Ninlil"
....The Mesopotamian etymology of Enlil's name was the foundation for nearly every god word for thousands of years and not just in Mesopotamia. Even
many god words attributed to Enki after Sumer, are directly or indirectly traceable back to Enlil. By the time of late Akkad/early Babylon, the ILU
form of Enlil's name had become the generic, one-size-fits-all, god word. As a result, prior and latter forms of LIL would continue to follow this
....For example, the phonecian Ba'al was the same etymology as B'el, although they were different aspects of the god. In the words of language
expert, Dr. Michael S. Heiser:
"Baal was rendered into Greek as Bel (the "e" being the long "e" - the "eta" in Greek - as opposed to the short "e" the epsilon)..."
The addition of the "B" or "BA" or "BAB" to the god word (in this case "AL" or "EL") seems to indicate an Enki etymology, a subject covered
in the next chapter.
....Another such example is "Bab-ILU", otherwise known as "Bab-EL," as in the Tower of Babel. Again we see the BAB prefix, and therefore should
recognize it is a tower associated with the god Enki, not Enlil, even though Enlil's name has been assimilated into it in a generic fashion. The word
Bab-ilu essentially means "The Chaos Gate of the Water Gods", which is clearly not Enlil, as he was not associated with water. Another way to say it
would be "The Gate of the Gods of the Nun," Nun being the primordial waters of creation and chaos, the Abyss, the Abzu. It's important to realize
the placement of the word "chaos" in the title, connects it directly to Babel as "confusion". So Bab-ilu and Bab-el, are indeed the same word,
showing once again that EL is IL who is LIL who is ENLIL.
....With the advent of the babylonian Tiamat, as the goddess of primordial chaos, we see a host of other goddess names connected to Enlil and in some
cases, absconding his title entirely. Thus a female goddess of primoridal waters of chaos (an Enki title, see "EA") becomes the leader of the gods,
creator of the gods and Queen of Heaven - Enlil's female counterpart! And true to form, Marduk as Enki's representative, steps up to the plate and
and defeats Tiamat, thus ideologically defeating Enlil and ending the authority of the god(dess) of creation! It is clearly evident this replacement
of Enlil with the babylonian Tiamat was due almost entirely to Enki's priests adopting the LIL god word, making it female, and incorporating it into
words associated with Enki, a fact not known until thousands of years later. Essentially, Enki had successfully swapped places with Enlil in the
mainstream texts, redefining him into near non-existence.
....We can find similar examples in ancient Egypt as well, although the etymology is a bit more precarious. For example, the egyptian god, Amen:
....Amen had the same titles as Enlil and Anu, et.al, the leader of the gods, creator, Lord Heaven, associated with the planet Jupiter. Although
"Mentu" is an egyptian word and "Entu" an Akkadian word, they are etymologically connected. However, modern egyptologists avoid references to
mesopotamian root words in egyptian texts, primarily because the intergration into Egypt by mesopotamian rulers, presents an unwelcome and
politically-charged challenge to the mainstream interpretation of egyptian events. Greek words replaced the original egyptian words, further hiding
the mesopotamian connections. This book isn't saddled with such politically correct notions, but seeks to simply provide the etymological trail of
the ancient god words.
....Anyway, by the time of Babylon, Enlil had been almost entirely phased out of mesopotamian texts. His name had been so carefully absorbed, that
were it not for the hebrew and ugaritic texts, he might've vanished from ancient written history, entirely. Thankfully, with the advent of
archaeology, the sumerian and akkadian texts were eventually uncovered, revealing the connections between this most ancient and foundational leader of
the sumerian gods and the oldest texts of the hebrews.
....Later versions of Enlil as the jovian planetary god were interwoven with the history of Enki rather than Enlil, creating a great deal of
theological and historical confusion. Thus we see the Greek Jupiter and Roman Zeus bearing little similarity to Enlil or his history. In addition, the
role most common to Enlil was personified in the god URANUS, who had been instituted into the pantheon as an etymological descendant of Anu!
UR + ANU
Recalling that Enlil was in fact, Anu, and that Anu was a title of authority, the implications become quite clear. Someone wanted to erase Enlil's
name from history and memory, not only depriving him of his title and proper place in the Divine Council but also assigning his authority to someone
continued in next post....