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a vast and often smoldering layer of coal-black peat that has made Indonesia the world's third-biggest emitter of greenhouse gases after China and the United States.
Unlike the noxious gases pumped into the atmosphere by gas-guzzling sport-utility vehicles in the United States and smoke-belching factories in China, danger here in the heart of Borneo rises from the ground itself.
Peat, formed over thousands of years from decomposed trees, grass and scrub, contains gigantic quantities of carbon dioxide, which used to stay locked in the ground. It is now drying and disintegrating, as onc
Peat, formed over thousands of years from decomposed trees, grass and scrub, contains gigantic quantities of carbon dioxide, which used to stay locked in the ground. It is now drying and disintegrating, as once-soggy swamps are shorn of trees and drained by canals, and when it burns, carbon dioxide gushes into the atmosphere.
Fires, meanwhile, have grown more frequent and serious. For centuries, Kalimantan locals have burned forestland to create plots for farming. But what used to be small, controlled fires have become fearsome conflagrations as dry and degraded peat goes up in smoke. Estimating carbon emissions from deforested peatland is a highly complicated and inexact science. Even when not burning, dried peat leaks a slow but steady stream of carbon dioxide and other gases. Once it catches fire, the stream becomes a torrent.
What made peat lands dried? • A rice field plan by Suharto doctrine. • Development of canals for carry. • Settlement aiming to grow crops for merchandise. • Cutting forests for wood pulp or palm oil (Lumbering). => These are a series of policy of developing country.
• For these factors, peat bogs became dried and easy of combustion. • That condition sets bogs for easier to exhaust huge amount of CO2.
Resolution of peat land problems by Indonesian government • A plantation Supported by NGO and NPO. People forest dried peat lands. Without maintenance, saplings can’t grow into trees. The government set a monetary reward for the persons who cared and maintained seedlings.
Resolution of Indonesia 2 • Prohibiting people from cutting trees. =>To protect forests from lumbering, the government banned deforestation. =>Succeeded in guarding forests in some aspects, but regulation has been not so perfect and effective.
Resolution of Indonesia 3 • Prohibiting burning off dead grass and slash-andburn agriculture by law. Life of small business farmers would be difficult to sustain. However, Indonesian government has no room for backing them up. Their support for the Government could be damaged. Practically, nothing